Orality is the communication rather a verbal expression that is primarily used by communities unfamiliar with the prevailing modern literate culture. The study of orality goes hand in hand with the oral customs, traditions and norms. It has wider connotations affecting every part of the society, whether it be economics, politics, human behaviour, development and evolution. The culture of oral expressions covers a vast list of proverbs, riddles, tales, nursery rhymes, legends, myths, songs and chants. These everyday trite expressions help to perpetuate old societies, they play a vital role in preserving cultural norms and traditions.
Introduction Themain theme of formalist activities are reflected in the text and what theyget from the textand other perspectives out of context areof secondary importance.The most common way researchers seek for the study of a literary work is to distinguish similarities and differences between literary and non-literary texts.In other words, they are seeking only to show literary text. Formalists try to use the text itself and nothing else.They do not deny the importance of developingtheways of literary expression. They investigate a literary work separate from its artistic, social, and historical interpretations. In their view, art was always separated from life. Formalist,contrary to ancient critics whom regarded a literary work as a reflection of its own author`s life,claimed that, a literary text hasno concern with author.
Few problems in philosophy are so well-known and complex such as the notion of free-will and fate.We unconsciously face these concepts throughout our daily life when we come to contact with things that we enjoy, like books, songs or movies. They are also ever present in ourselves, because we always confront with these ideas when we wonder whether we shape our life according to our free will, or we are simply following what some call ‘destiny’ or ‘path set by a Supreme Being’. The different conceptions that we have of these question, are another source of diversity within people. William Henley takes a clear position in his poem ‘Invictus’: the human being is the Master of his Fate and the Captain of his Soul, which means that he is the one
Berk Tuzcu 140131413 Inst. Academic Writing Sevim Küçükkaya ENG106(5) Bilingualism Bilingualism is very important for today and future. So why so important of being Bilingual ? Today companies search a person who speak more than one language.. Old days we can chance our position with person personality skills. Companies works local companies but now international compinies are everywhere.
English Language and literacy has changed through time (Centre for Innovation - Leiden University., TEDx Talks, 2014). History has not always placed all humans equally when it comes to language, in some cultures the powerful, such as kings and noble men, produced the language and everyday people such as the peasants were forced to listen (Gee & Hayes, 2011., Ted-Ed, 2012). The hierarchy of the middle ages dictated who had the authority to speak and who should listen (Gee & Hayes, 2011., Ted-Ed, 2012). Oral language has been around since humans evolved, however, when written language was created 3000-8000 years ago it represented a challenge for authority (Gee & Hayes, 2011). When someone speaks they can easily be silenced, however, the written language can be anonymous and easily circulated (Gee & Hayes, 2011).
Introduction Mitch Albom touched the soul of the readers with his work. It’s theme of afterlife was as old as the civilizations but narrative style subtly appeals the intellectual aspects of the contemporary readers and questions their sensibility towards their fellow beings. The writers of all generations observe the changes and challenges of their era, depicts them faithfully in their literature by addressing the issues that affects the individual & the society in totality. Mitch Albom exactly did the same in his book. Advanced technology made the life style more result oriented and mechanical in its approach dwindles their sensitiveness for others.
The definitions, therefore, usually include additional adjectives such as aesthetic or artistic to distinguish literary works from texts such as newspapers, scientific textbooks, magazines, legal documents, brochures, and so on. Hamlyn (1998) stated that literature in the word originally meant all written language. More formally, literature is defined, according to one dictionary, as writing in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, romance, history, biography, essay etc. Not all good books are literature, but all literature is good, interesting, significant and well written. Based on those definitions above the researcher gives understanding that the literature is more than writing.
Equality Within the comforts of the modernized human civilization that we all experience on a daily basis, a person can easily forget how privileged they are to be existing in such a time of human equality. However, times were not always as pleasant as they currently are, as different diversities of people were not only shamed for their race, gender or ethnicity, but they were abused for it. That being said, if abusive behaviors like human trafficking and racial discrimination can still be found in today’s modern world, then discriminatory practices or rules back several centuries ago must have been a common part of daily life for ancient societies. In the Odyssey, the poem’s epic hero, Odysseus, finds himself and his crew in many horrible situations while he persistently sails across the seas in quest to find his long lost home in Ithaca, Greece. Throughout Homer’s epic, it can be noticed quite easily that there are several powerful goddesses all
Fictional texts written in English by South Asian writers have almost always acquainted the readers with the variety of existences and experiences of the peoples of different races, religions and classes of this vast region. But, this representation becomes all the more precious if the writing tells the story of a community that is a diminishing minority with its continual exercises of the extant religious and social customs and beliefs that are to be found nowhere in the world. This sort of representation exclusively demands an insider’s viewpoint and his/her deep insight into the culture of that community acquired by a lifetime of experience. Moreover, sometimes, depending on the subject of the representation, its mode of narrative acquires its value and ramifications. A text,
Then the interest was generated in various branches that did not only include scientists but the doctors of literature, reason being the increased concern of mankind towards the environment towards the 20th century when problems related to the survival of Earth became rampant and also the nature of human to connect to the environment on the emotional grounds. The foremost reason for such havoc can be found with the man’s urge for obtaining his/her own identity which is directly connected to his/her requirements consequently moving behind in terms of his/her own spiritual self. While human always attempts to “move ahead in life” by hoarding lot of materials on the other hand he/she also tries to conjugate themselves with the nature as his/her so-called best friend(whom they hurt the most). As a result man falls into the pitiful state of being threatened in the deteriorated environment. “Overexploitation of natural resources and man's disregard of the air, water and soil that sustain him have given rise to the question of the survival of both man and the planet (Earth).