A constitution is the fundamental law by which a nation or a state is governed and organized. It establishes the framework of government, delegates the powers and duties of governmental bodies, and defines the relationship between the government and their citizens. Texas current constitution was adopted in 1876, and since then Texas voters have approved more than 467 amendments to this document. The word “amendment” is defined as the act or process of changing the words or the meaning of a law or document (constitution). Throughout this essay I will explain the rules for amending the Texas Constitution, the attempts made at constitutional reforms during the 1970s, explain why constitutional reforms were attempted and why it ultimately failed.
This has led to the constitution being considered a “living constitution” – a document that evolves and adapts over time, changing to fit new circumstances as they emerge, without being formally amended through the special amendment process (Strauss, 2010). By considering the US constitution a living document, it lends weight to the position that it is indeed a flexible constitution because although there are limited formal amendments that have been passed through Congress over time, the interpretation of the basic principles of the constitution may change to mean different things in line with the
This includes slaves, which is why it was so important in 1868 after the Civil War. But today, it also defines citizenship in immigrants and gives them the right to live and work in the US. If we didn’t have this amendment, we would not be able to experience the cultures of other countries, and we would not be known as “the melting pot” of culture we are today. With the power of the Fourteenth Amendment, we can define what makes a citizen, prevent anyone who took an oath against or conspired against the United States from holding any position of office in out government, allow states to make and change laws if necessary, and ensure that citizen cannot have the right to “life, liberty, and property” taken away from them without due
Government, the foundation of any civilization, defines both the life of its citizens as well as a tone of the country. Cicero, a roman politician and philosopher, wrote The Republic and The Laws shortly before the fall of the roman empire, which contained proposals to help fix the crumbling empire and outline justice within a democratic government. The Preamble to the Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution, unlike cicero's works, were written at the genesis of the United States. They, too, however, outline the basis for a just society, founded on written law, as opposed to its natural existence. Cicero’s The Republic and The Laws outlines many aspects of modern government, many of which the Preamble of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution meet, and some of which they fall short of!
It will also help identify the rights and freedoms of citizens through a bill of rights, which operates both to protect citizens and to restrict the power of the state. A constitution whether it is written or unwritten will share a common features which is they will identify the principal institutions of the state which is the executive, legislature and the judiciary. Constitution consist of two types the written and unwritten constitution. A written constitution is one, which seen in one or more than one legal document duly enacted in the form of laws. It is precise, definite and systematic.
The speech explains how we aren’t, by mentioning how not everyone has a say in things. It mostly deals with voting rights and women’s rights. The main point of “The Fundamental Principle of a Republic”, is that we claim to be a Republic, but we aren’t since not everyone has an equal opportunity and voice in things. In Anna Howard Shaw 's speech, she starts off by talking about how a government who claims to be a Republic should be a Republic. This happens often throughout her speech.
The main principles behind the modern constitution were human rights, accountability, power separation, representative government, and independence of judiciary. The focus was on how the individual liberty could be permanently secured and preserved. Articles of Confederation and The Constitution, both have some similarities, but they differ more than they do resemble one another. The most common aspect of each other, is that, they were established
To some extent we can thank the British empire for showing what characteristics we do and do not want in the “New World”. The question is, was the British taking over and forcing characteristics on America truly a good thing or was it bad? Since, the beginning of the British settling
The Constitution on the other hand, is established as a bicameral legislature with an upper and lower house, senate, and a House of Representatives. Each state under the Articles was allowed 1 vote per senate and 1 representative; the representative was determined by its population. To amend the Constitution under the Articles it was required an unanimous consent in contrast to the Constitution it was only required the approval of three-quarters of the
It describes the rights and responsibilities of the government and of all the states as a federal government. A system whereby several states form a unity but remain independent in internal affairs. Since the Constitution came into force in 1789, it has been amended twenty-seven times to meet the changing needs of the maturing nation which is now very different from the eighteenth-century world in which it was created. The ideals of the Constitution are to form one union from all the states. The states work together as one nation but have independent internal laws.