Difference Between Overtime Work And Long Work Hours

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Although overtime work and long work hours are obviously related, they are not identical. Based on the dictionary of the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, our definition of overtime work is: all work hours that an employee works on top of his/her contractual work hours. For fulltimers then, overtime work coincides with long work hours (e.g., 40 contractual work hours and 10 overtime hours). However, part-timers can also work extra hours on top of their contractual hours, which does not usually result in long work hours (e.g., working 24 contractual hours and 10 overtime hours; see also section 1.5) In studies on the health effects of overtime work, the concepts of long work hours and overtime have often been used interchangeably (e.g., Kawakami & Haratani, 1999; Nakanishi et al., 2001; Park, Kim, Cho, et al., 2001; Spurgeon, Harrington, & Cooper, 1997). One should realize, however, that although these concepts are indeed intertwined, they are not identical. Long work hours can be defined as work hours that exceed the standard fulltime workweek, whereas overtime refers to work hours that exceed the number of contractual hours. Accordingly, long work hours by definition imply a certain number of overtime hours, but the reverse is not always true since employees with a part-time contract may also work overtime. To our knowledge, an explicit distinction between long work hours and overtime work has not yet been properly made in the

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