Difference Between Personality And Individual Differences

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Personality & Individual Differences Personality is one of the most common words, yet its definition is ambiguous. For centuries, a great number of psychologists have tried to devise numerous models to be able to fully explain the different types of personalities. There exist compelling models and theories, all striving to understand how and why people differ as well as explain about the differences among them. Human behaviour is immensely complex to understand, and this often creates a great deal of nuisance among ourselves when we find it difficult to understand and predict the behaviour of our counterparts. “The science of individual differences has enabled us to understand how and why people differ, and why these differences matter. Moreover, individual differences research has produced valid theories to help us predict and understand human behaviour.” [Chamorro-Premuzio T, ] Over the years, some models and theories have stood out from the others. 1. Hertzberg’s Two-Factor Theory The Two-Factor Theory of motivation was developed by psychologist Frederick Herzberg in the 1950s. Herzberg found 2 factors that influence employee motivation and satisfaction: a) Motivator factors – those that lead to job satisfaction and encourage employees to strive harder. Getting recognized for one’s efforts at work and getting job promotions enjoying your work are few examples. b) Hygiene factors – These can lead to job dissatisfaction and a lack of motivation if they are not present.

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