The order in nature could equally well result from the intrinsic properties of matter itself. Since the creation of the universe was a unique event, we cannot say anything about it. The existence of pain cast serious doubt on the existence of a benevolent Intelligence. In his Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion the three main characters Philo a skeptic who sees inconsistencies in every line of argument, Demea pose arguments for the two others to discuss and Cleanthes skeptic who is aware of the limitations of logic but do not believe in the mental picture; argue about the Argument from Design. Philo win the discussion arguing that the appearance of order in nature could simply derive from the nature of matter itself (Hume).
13. What is your interpretation of the relationship between science and religion? Personally, I believe science (or Creation) proves the existence of God, but modern science, such as evolution and humanism, serves the purpose to discredit religion and disprove God’s
Hume’s Discourse Concerning Natural Religion: Argument by Design as Proof of God? The enlightenment-age philosopher David Hume wrote Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, which investigates the natural religious arguments of reasoning and experience on God’s existence. One argument brought up by three of Hume’s characters, Demea, Cleanthes, and Philo; is over the validity of the argument from design. Arguably, Hume is closest in his philosophical beliefs to the character Philo, a religious sceptic and arguer against design. It is Philo who reveals the unmendable gaps in the design argument against its main supporter, Cleanthes.
Such proofs include teleological and ontological. A proof is an unquestionable, factual statement that directs an argument to the final product and is based on a level of scientific factualness. The existence of the world is no guarantee for believing in the existence of a certain being (God). The cosmological and design only offer points and arguments towards the existence of God, but the
. . challenges the metaphysical account of creation, that is, of the dependence of the existence of all things upon God as cause. The doctrine of creation is not about cosmological or biological change — it’s about why anything exists at all. Biological change — evolution — doesn’t put the creator God out of work.
Contingency of Being Thomas Aquinas argued for the existence of God through his understanding of science along with the help of physical evidence, unchangeable facts and logic. I will discuss Aquinas’ Third proof and how he does prove that there is a God or Gods without the need for faith and revelation. In philosophy, we often distinguish things between being necessary being and contingent beings. Necessary beings are beings that have always existed and that could have never not existed. A being that is permeant or immortal and cannot be created or destroyed.
Descartes says that complex reasoning comes from the mind. Churchland argues that computers don’t need a mind to function. Same as humans, we also don’t need a mind. We are just physical things. Churchland also says that there is no way to prove that there is a mind/ soul.
Sacred Space There are many skeptics in this world who would argue that mankind’s religious impulses to be religious are solely a product of our natural process. If that is the case then evidence should support the idea that the profane gives birth to the sacred; that the profane is basically incapable of being moved, while the sacred is lacking definite form and not lasting or eternal, but Eliade ideas in The Sacred and the Profane show something different. For example when Eliade mentions sacred space he considers it to be a “really” real part of the universe as a whole, while a space that is not sacred is open to having several possibilities of meaning and having no structure. This is to say that the sacred is the solid which all else
B. Tylor is known to defend the idea that myth and science are at odds. Firstly, he divides philosophy into primitive and modern. Primitive philosophy is similar to primitive religion but there is no primitive science. Modern philosophy is subsided into religion and science. Modern religion comprises metaphysics and ethics which are absent in primitive religion.
On the other hand, the philosophes emphasis on the rational and scientific methods, also in opposition to the religious concept. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, "the goal of enlightenment was to understand the natural world and humankind 's place in it solely on the basis of reason and without turning to religious belief." As we can see that the thought of Enlightenment has a large contradiction with the concept of Judeo-Christian. It was broke the traditional, no longer to use the theological or Christian concept as the authority of knowledge. Moreover, the enlightenment encouraged to believe in human reasons and dare to seek the