The principle of equality and non-discrimination as spelled out in international refugee and human rights law plays a fundamental role in the guarantee of social and economic rights to refugees. Under the refugee law, Article 3 of the 1951 Refugee Convention provides that: “The Contracting States shall apply the provisions of this Convention to refugees without discrimination as to race, religion or country of origin.” From above it is clear that Article 3 of the Convention forbids discrimination only to the extent it is premised on race, religion or country of origin. However, the Preamble to the Convention makes a reference to the UN Charter and also to the UDHR as having affirmed “the principle that human beings shall enjoy fundamental rights and freedoms without discrimination” and the expression by the UN of, “its profound concern for refugees” having “endeavoured to assure refugees the widest possible exercise of these fundamental rights and freedoms”. Consequently, the 1951 Refugee Convention has its roots within the broad contours of the international human rights law framework. Accordingly, the rights enumerated in several international human rights instruments, given that they apply to all people irrespective of status, must apply equally to refugees.
This is a policy that is pigeonholed by the liberal admission of refugees who are then awarded full socio-economic rights and are voluntarily repatriated to their countries only when conditions are favourable. Thus many migrants are bestowed refugee status minus the UN Convention, Protocols and other International instruments’ scrutiny that govern them. they would undergo under the UN Convention and Protocol and other international instruments that govern refugees. This, especially with the emergence of Al-Shabaab insurgency in the Horn of Africa, has exposed Kenya to security threats from the militia men. Thus with the current security threat, there is a shift in policy where refugees' freedom of movement and engagement in self-reliance activities is restricted.
The statelessness problem lies at the center of the tensity of the internationality of rights and the jurisdiction of the sovereign states over its territories. So the stateless persons situated out of the framework of the nation-state that the international relations and the international law ease. This theses also will raise a debate, by characterizing the major challenges to guaranteeing the stateless people rights. First, it reviews the provisions relating to the stateless people status in the 1954 Convention, and the international procedures which adopted to response and address the statelessness issue. Despite it has crucial provisions to maintain the stateless status and their rights, but it has several clear
The Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness provides detailed guidance in this respect. SCOPE OF MINORITY RIGHTS PROTECTION Based on the experiences of minority communities worldwide, and on the contents of the United Nations Minorities Declaration and other international standards relating to minority rights, the following can be identified as major concerns: survival and existence, promotion and protection
Is the UNHCR giving enough support on human right, freedom of want and freedom on needs which opens doors of opportunities for better protection of their rights as refugees and human beings, and their economic progress towards development in the host state? • What are the human rights and security dimensions of protracted refugee situations? • How have international security and development processes impacted on human security? • What are the main (existing and emerging) challenges to human security in different protracted refugee camps? • What are human rights actors doing about these human rights violations in protracted refugee situations?
They were all effected with harsh conditions on the boats from large waves and disastrous weather, seas sickness and unpleasent smells.It was difficult for all three of the human classes once they arrived also. Not only were the convicts and slaves unpropitious, but so were the free settlers, as said in Skwirk “life of a free settler was often very harsh… food was scarce,” showing the difficulty slaves also experienced, even though they were granted land and workers. Without much knowledge of their land, farms failed and did not produce crops, leading to scanty amounts of food, not enough to be shared amongst and fill stomachs. However, slaves, convicts and free settlers definitely experienced journeys immensely different to one and another as those mentions were only minor similarities. The similarities could not have been changed in any way with weather and waves being a natural occurrence as well as failure in crops.
This source ends with the challenges facing this system and the adequacy to meet these challenges (Gallegher, 1989). Gill has two interesting studies regarding the international system when he studies the international protection of refugees in terms of legal instruments and rights granted for refugees. The second part studies the refugee definition’s elements and scope. The third part studies the role of UNHCR in protecting refugees. Finally, the refugee problem is analyzed in the context of human right approach pointing to the gaps of the CR and the states responsibility (Gill, 2014).
Literature Review This chapter includes three sections: The first section will provide an overview of the international protection of refugees. The second section will provide an overview on the historical context of the two case studies Ethiopia and Jordan. The third section will provide an overview of the local protection in two case studies Ethiopia and Jordan. Section one: International protection of refugees This thesis will challenge the stereotype that signing the Convention Relating ot the Status of Refugees 1951 CR means better protection and implementation of the refugee protection using the case of Jordan. First, this thesis is going to discuss the shortcomings of the convention in order to prove signing the convention should
It sets the standards for refugees to enter the United States ("Refugee”). An agreement was put in place after World War II because of all the refugees from Europe. This agreement was called The 1951 Geneva Convention. It defines the legal protections for refugees and the obligations of countries that accept them. It was
Rights of Refugees Abstract: India continues in receiving refugees in spite of its overpopulation where millions of people are below poverty line and are debarred from basic amenities. However there are few rights given to them but there is no uniform legal framework to protect refugee.1951 Convention Relating to The Status of Refugee followed by 1967 protocol on Refugees, UNHRC, Cartagena Declaration on Refugees are the main authority on the refugee law. The word Refugee has been defined in 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. According to the Convention a ‘refugee’ is a person who flees across an international border because of well-founded fear of being persecuted in his country of origin for the reasons of race, religion,