Difference Between Stateless Persons And Statelessness

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Introduction
After the First World War, the conditions of refugees and stateless were nearly coterminous. Both the groups were similarly situated in the history with reference to lack of national protection. However they diverged significantly with refugees being recognized by their reasons to migrate and their statelessness (if existed). Stateless persons were identified as a distinct group who could fit themselves into the narrower definition of the refugee and seek international protection. The Conventions signed for the protection of stateless persons and refugees treated both the groups differently based on their reasons to migrate. As a result the conventions signed for the protection of stateless persons and refugees differ in their scope of protection. This paper aims to highlight the difference in the degree of protection provided by instruments of protection for refugees and stateless persons. The paper discusses three international convention and a protocol to establish the difference. These conventions are: 1951 Refugee Convention; 1954 Convention Relation to the Status of Stateless Persons; 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness; (1967 Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees. The paper discusses these convention
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The Convention on Refugees (1951) lays down although narrow but much clearer definition of its subjects in comparison to Convention on Stateless (1954) which attempted to broaden the definition but failed. The definition of Stateless people given by the 1954 Convention remains much open-ended and invites elements of subjectivity. Additionally the instruments of protection present for refugee and stateless in the form of two convention (1951 and 1954) also differ with respect to its provisions of protection such as protection against refoulement, wage employment and body of authority which are discussed

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