Difference Between Structural Realism And Neo Liberalism

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Structural realism vs neo-liberalism In the course of international relations some of the schools that we learnt are realism and liberalism. Realism is known as political realism and it’s sometimes contrasted with other schools such as idealism or liberalism, which is concentrated on cooperation (Sheku, pg.1-9). Regarding realism, there are 4 proposals that realists assert: first of all international system is anarchic, states are considered as the most important actors and are unitary as well, and the last but not least is that survival is the main concern for all states (Sheku, pg.1-9).Realism has many types within its school and one of them is neorealism or in other words structural realism, which tries to explain why states that are equal do not act similarly (Joulukuu, 2008). Structural realists are called as realist because the realists assert that the ambition of a country’s foreign policy is based upon their power capabilities. Since these powers are not direct and really complicated, this is why these realists are called neoclassical (Joulukuu, 2008). According to structural realism, the systematic, domestic and cognitive variables are used to explain better the actions of states in international system (University of Southern California). A systematic variable explains the distribution of power capabilities that is between states whereas a cognitive variable is focused in how states perceive the pressures of other states or their intentions (University of

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