Judith Butler’s Gender Trouble (1990) and Bodies that Matter (1993) works are fundamental texts of study for this thesis. Both works are deeply influenced specially by French structuralism and post-structuralism schools of thought. In Gender Trouble, Butler deconstructs the established, normative, Western construction of the Gay/Straight and hetero/homosexual binaries to discuss the lack of perspective regarding the heterogeneity of sexual identity and diversity as it is present in twentieth century society. Her arguments focus not only on the production of binaries and their rigidity from a sociological standpoint, but also on how the use of these binary structures can affect us in processes of sexual identity construction because of interpretations and constraints coming from various fields such as: the economic, the philosophical, the medical and the psychological and the use of language. Butler focuses repeatedly on the production of language.
He also introduced cultural racism in which people associate beliefs with an illusory culture. It is something that shifts and molds in response to history. In response to 9/11 the world experienced fragility especially those of Islamic faith. Unaware of what the long-term effect would be the emergence of Islamophobia and animosity in the form of violent attacks directed at them from Western countries was consequential. Henzell-Thomas (2004) identified the major problems which were perpetuated by Islamophobia and one of them being “the misleading association of Islam with specific cultural identities and practices, especially Asian and African.
Religion can be classified as a set of beliefs or principles that influence the motive or thinking of it 's follower. It affects a person’s understanding of the ultimate reality, shapes his/her worldview of the nature of life and is a solution for humanity 's problem. The quest for meaning begins with the human search for God and the idea of truth. The outcome of this search is the birth of religion, in which there are so many theories seeking the exact origin of a religion. I do not intend this writing to be on the history of religion but I wish to comment that throughout the history of civilisation, religion has played a prominent role in many societies.
When the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) were adopted as a UN resolution in 1966, cultural rights of ethnocultural minorities were recognised as human rights and as such required attention and protection from all 164 parties. From this recognition an endless socio-political debate emanated between liberal universalists and multiculturalists in determining the ‘best’ way to protect cultural rights of ethnocultural minorities. This essay will strive to prove the importance of culture in societies while summarising both universalist and multiculturalist solutions. Cultural rights are human rights that aim at assuring the enjoyment of culture and its components in conditions of equality, human dignity and non-discrimination. In reality, minority cultural rights are often baffled by the national majority’s culture.
He presents main types of differences: the way people view relations between god and man (religious differences), between the individual and the group (societal differences), between the citizen and the state (political differences), and between the husband and the wife (cultural differences). Therefore, differences exist alter in cultural terms and concepts between from civilization to civilizationcivilizations, concepts such as responsibility and rights, freedom and authority, and equality and hierarchy. Moreover, “tThese differences are products of centuries and far more fundamental than differences among political ideologies and regimes” (Huntington S. P., The clash of civilizations?, 1993). In fact, these underlying unique cultural characteristics design the political culture of states and
Semiotic Analysis of a Dove Advert Focusing on Whether or Not the Advert Re-enforces Hegemonic Views of Race, Gender and Class Essay by Martyn McGrath The study of semiotics dissects an image by looking at various aspects of the image itself, such as lighting, camera angles, and what these things mean to the ideology behind the image. Semiotics is defined as the “The science of signs, or the study of signs and sign systems.” (O’Shaugnessy and Stadler, 2012:131). This essay will be a semiotic analysis on the Dove advert above. This advertisement reinforces hegemonic representations of race and gender, but does not re-enforce hegemonic views on class; this essay uses semiotic analysis to support this claim by observing how the advert uses race, gender
Rites, Morals and Community: East-West Perspectives on the Role of Ritual Daniela Rusu 1. Introduction Confucius (551-479) and Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) both take up a cornerstone position in the history of thinking about society. When we zoom in on their conceptions on the social functions of rites, we find both overlap and have strong differences. Both Confucius and Kant attached great importance to areas like religion, rituals, study and education in society. Confucius however, adheres to a strict hierarchical societal structure.
It is typical for individualistic person to prioritize their ambitions rather than social institutions such as society or family. The concept of collectivism and individualism has a great role in understanding the fundaments of society and how it works superficially. After the 1970’s growing concern about uncontrolled individualism in Western societies increased importance of the concept of Individualism and Collectivism. Moreover, the question of to whom the life of a person belongs-to individuals themselves or entire society arose. Individualism and collectivism, two fundamental viewpoints, both of
Structuralist criticism: Structuralism is a philosophical approach to the meaning of structures of the human cultural system. It has been using in different ways in all sciences and the anthropology. They tried to attempt the way of how human form and shape their intellectual system to describe the meaning and significant result of it. For Barton, the structuralism is not historical but it is logical, and the reason why the study of the Bible through the structuralism has two reasons. The first reason is, "disappointment and disillusionment with the traditional historical-critical method" (pg.
Also, it works on the aspects of development of the mythical stories in the society and how they influence the Indian culture and its ideologies. Indian culture majorly revolves around the rituals and practices of Hindu religion, and mythology shares a greater part in it. The paper focuses on to discuss the good and bad influences of mythical values on the Indian society and the deliberate attempt to practice it in the name of