Difference Between Theory X And Theory Y

724 Words3 Pages
Theory X and Theory Y are two theories that were created by Douglas McGregor in the 1960s. These theories are human motivation and management theories. Theory X is an authoritative manager believing that the threat of punishment is what makes employees work because if there was no punishment there would not be any work done because they do not like to work. While Theory Y is a democratic manager who believes that employees like to work and can be trusted to complete the assignment at tasks without any threat of punishment. Both theories were said to be too simplistic and there was a broader approach to management that was then proposed. Theory X managers look at their employees with a pessimistic viewpoint, they assume that they are naturally
Open Document