David J. telfer & Richard accept that tourism impact destinations in developing countries, where the difference in cultural and economic characteristics between local people and, primarily, relatively wealthy western tourists is likely to be greatest (WTO 1981). At the same time in respect it would be considered unfortunate for tourism not to have some socio- cultural consequences on destinations; as a catalyst of development, tourism is usually promoted with the purpose of economic and social betterment. Moreover, tourism is seen by some as a means of achieving greater international harmony and understanding (WTO 1980) although, perhaps inevitably, it is the negative (and, frequently, emotive) socio-cultural impacts of tourism that attract
ASSESSMENT B Section 1 : Discuss the significance of the hospitality industry to the regional, national and global economies Describe with clear reference to a range of sources, how the hospitality industry may be classified into different sub sectors Section 2 : INTRODUCTION: According to Saskia and Réau (2009) the origin of the tourism appeared between the middle of the XVII the end of the XIX century, where wealthy British were travelling in European countries from the northern countries until the Greek island and return to their countries lining the Mediterrannee. The globalization is defined by trading in the all world in every sector models such as; cultural, economic and political. Those models were developed by Northen countries since 1980 where international exchanges of people started. All countries of the world are now interdependent. Thanks to this improvement, its benefit for a wide range of different sectors like the hospitality Industry that means that people can travel all around the world.
The interaction between tourists and poor communities can provide a number of intangible and practical benefits. These can range from increased awareness of cultural, environmental, and economic issues and values, on both sides, to mutual benefits from improved local investment in infrastructure. At the world conference held in Manila on tourism in 1980, importance of tourism and its effects were recognized in the declaration, which stated as; ‘’tourism is an essential activity both on the life of the nation since its direct and indirect effects on economical, social, cultural, and educational sectors of the society and their international relations’’. Economic benefits of tourism 1. Contribution to Gross Domestic Product; Tourism is being one of the world’s largest industries and contributes directly and indirectly (total contribution) to the global economy.
The tourism sector of the economy has become one of the most significant components of globalization. With the expansion of the fordist middle class in the 1950s, tourism has become a globalized phenomenon that has and is sweeping across all countries and continents (Fletcher, 2011). For continents like Africa, tourism has become one of the top foreign income generators in most of the continent’s countries. At the same time commodification of African culture has become an eminent problem in most African societies. Every aspect of culture, may it be tangible goods like clothes or intangible factors like tradition, is now transformed into a commodity (Pröschel, 2012).
1 Introduction The new era made us the bystanders of a great show, namely the informational and technical show of every sector of the society. Every country in the world understands the importance of tourism as a part of the economic sector that can sustain the development of the national economy. Generating the revenue and employment, tourism is the sector where partnerships find the perfect tools to achieve goals. Years in a row, many island states in the Caribbean experienced some substantial economic instabilities. However, tourism was the sector seen as an alternative to enhance the economic development of the countries.
Different variables drive expanded go over the globe: higher genuine livelihoods, more relaxation time, enhanced and very available transportation frameworks, exceptionally successful correspondence frameworks that encourage promoting, and critical quantities of tourism administrations and alternatives have been advancing online in numerous nations. Travel & Tourism is an especially appealing choice to empower advancement in rustic and low salary nations and districts that beforehand depended vigorously on farming and normal asset extraction. Tourism improvement regularly gives the double focal points of creating occupation and pay while advancing social legacy and traditions.1 Promoting Travel & Tourism can bolster monetary advancement, to some extent, in light of the fact that the business slices crosswise over and is connected to numerous different businesses in the economy, producing extra request in an extensive variety of administrations and professions.2 notwithstanding the immediate and aberrant impacts, Travel & Tourism additionally creates important spinoff advantages by creating base that different commercial ventures can utilize, and by boosting exchange, aptitudes, and interests in different commercial ventures that are not specifically related. This segment expands on the past one and dissects the more extensive financial
Cunha(1997) adds that there have always been several tourist motivations to travel, be they religious, commercial, sport, leisure or the simple desire to know other people and cultures.Tofurther enhance the growth and development of tourism, Macintosh (1995) highlighted the following factors: the onset of motor traffic, the extension of paid leave, the trend of annual real wages, the tendency to a certain economic smoothing, reduction of hours work and the consequent increase of free time available, the increasing life expectancy, the reforms and the monotony of some current professions. Cooper, Fletcher, Wanhill, Gilbert and Shepherd (1998) believes that tourismindustry is a major economic activity worldwide, and is now a vital activity for various countries and regions with a continuous growth of this activity over the past few years (Krippendorf, 1989).Beni (2003) considered that all tourism activities that make up the tourism, hotel is one of the most important sub-sectors, with the housing to establish itself as a key component of this activity by checking the increase in the number of hotel establishments, while growing tourist activity (Batista, 2003). Pine (1995) considered that the evolution of transport, technologies and the phenomenon of the globalization, along with the changes
Hospitality is the business of helping people to feel comfortable, relax and enjoy. Giving good services, meals or cocktail, gives customers their possible best experience. The hospitality sector or industry is focused on customer’s satisfaction; it’s built for leisure. The hospitality industry is made up of thousands of interesting organizations, including hotels, restaurants, food service management, fast food, pubs, bars and night clubs. Exceptional services are usually very essential and important for this industry because customer satisfaction usually leads to customer loyalty which helps to ensure the success of a company in the hospitality industry.
The field of hospitality has been exposed to students both on the secondary and tertiary level to get them ready for the industry. The industry is said to be mostly time consuming and of a high customer service and interaction base being the reason why persons tend to shy away from it. It is also said that it can be low paying and menial and doesn?t cater for a persons? quality of life which is false. ?The industry needs individuals who are willing and ready to expand and change with it?.
Tourism is a main industry in the society as well as a huge generator of foreign exchange at the national level which proved society with available labor. In this claim, I will indicate the how tourism is impacted by recent economic, social and cultural changes as well as how political and technological changes impact on the development of tourism industry in the Asia Pacific. Do the result of all these changes in development of tourism lead to positive and negative changes for widening and progressing of Asia Pacific tourism? The answer of this question is indicated in the last past of the arguments by using the book of “Tourism and cultural impact” Introduction. As well known, Tourism has become one of the largest and fastest growing