Antinomians attack Puritans regarding the assurance issue “instead of promoting justification by faith, … instilled a deep dependence on legal works of sanctification … The result was rampant legalism and formalism.” (p. 99) Also, Saltmarsh describes “Christ has believed perfectly, … repented perfectly, … obeyed perfectly, [and] mortified sin perfectly.” (p.100) Thus, the faith in Christ is the most significant for assurance of salvation for Antinomians. Nevertheless, Mark Jones assesses them “Again, this is a classic example of the either-or fallacy.” (p.100) Reformed theologians also agree their argument on the importance of the faith, and their point is certainly true; however, the reformed theologians put stress upon not only the object of faith but also upon the sanctification. The divines believe that the sanctification of believers is essential on the issue of assurance, so they explain that the faith causes the justification and the sanctification both because of the law and the gospel and the complacent love of God. Thus, although the sanctification cannot earn the justification, the justification can cause sanctification. It means that if a believer deeply understands the value of saving work of Christ and the justification, he will love the law to be sanctified and will make efforts to do good works, that is the sanctification could be a
He especially reacted against the sacraments of penance and purgatory. Luther built his case based on his studies of Paul’s letters to the Romans and the Galatians. For him, saving grace comes not from the righteousness we perform, but is entirely an alien (foreign) righteousness from Christ credited to our account. He called this the doctrine of Justification by Faith alone. While Luther understood faith as the means of justification, he also understood the ground of justification to be nothing more than the grace and mercy of God shown to sinners because of the perfect life and work of Christ.
Although, for example, he did not like the Puritan ways or beliefs he would tolerate the people who did. Roger Williams ultimately declared that Christ’s true church could not be known among men until Christ himself returned to establish it. Another huge belief Williams had was the separation of church and state. Roger was a big encourager
Benjamin Franklin and Jonathan Edward were both philosopher and had similar views in terms of informing people the right way to live in order to be successful and get salvation by reforming their mind in their life. As Jonathan Edward says in the “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God,” “ Sin is the ruin and misery of the soul; it is destructive in its nature; and if God should leave it without restraints, there would need nothing else to make the soul perfectly miserable” (432). That implies, if
As well as Calvin is trying to put the fear of god into everyone because of his different ideas that he believes in. One of the point I do not understand is that only a select group of people are selected as know as the elect group of people why is that. Calvin theology is biblically based, and it shows the diversity of the "unsearchable depth of the divine judgment", this is a judgment "subordinate to God 's purpose of eternal election". This is saying
People thought “Fear God, Honor the King.” (Document 5) It meant that people should have faith in their Kings and fear the course that God has set for them. They believed that monarchs were sent to do the good deeds of god and that using their power for evil was a horrible sin. The honor and faith the people had for the rulers was another key factor that leads to the success of absolutism. Without their faith, many of the accomplishments of these monarchs would never have been
On the other hand, he is following what scriptures read. In the Bible homosexuality is wrong and the baker doesn 't want to be associated with gay people because God “said” being gay is bad. If you look at it from this standpoint, the baker’s discrimination is justified because he is only doing his duty by obeying
For the Christian, the question of the question suffering becomes particularly difficult: why would God allow suffering? Orthodox Christianity recognizes that God is both all-powerful and good. The challenge presented to Christianity, however, is if God is both omnipotent and upright, why would he allow evil and suffering in the world? David Hume succinctly writes,
He thought this because he believed it involved that the elect that salvation that the elect could get could also be gained by the non elect person as a result of their own effort to salvation. Which I believe from my religion to not be true. I believe that anyone has the open and free will to receive salvation it's not only given to a specific group of people. But Calvin did not believe this to be true he believed that the reprobate are the people that God intentionally chooses to neglect, I don't believe that God neglects anyone that does not neglect him. John Calvin believed firmly in election and predestination and he backed his beliefs with biblical statements.
Since the rise of Christianity among nations, people have been asking the question: why does evil exist when there is a God who is sovereign, powerful, and loving? Is he not able to fight the evil surrounding us? Or does God want to see us suffer which makes him an unloving Father after all? Saint Ignatius 's life explains a probable reason as to why evil exists and how one can flee from the temptations of this world. He was once a soldier who enjoyed the pleasures the world has always been offering, but he was soon reunited with God in the latter part of his life.
He argued that Christians will be disturbing the peace and those who do are rebelling and are disobedient. If you become disobedient to the king, you are also disobeying God. Boucher argues that if God wanted them to have independence they would have had it, and they should be grateful and thankful with our without it. He says “Obedience to government is every man’s duty because it is ever man’s interest; but it is particularly incumbent on Christians, it is enjoined by the positive commands of God.” (#32; pg. 101) Boucher had many unpersuasive arguments.
The Great Awakening unleashed a new wave of conversions driven by a desire to be cleansed of sin and avoid eternal punishment. These beliefs depend on a fear of God rather than sole worship, as He is portrayed to be a spiteful, all-powerful being. In my teaching, the fear of God was not placed within me. Instead, a deeper trust in God’s saving powers was instilled upon my beliefs, which attempted to draw belief from love rather than fear. God was portrayed as an all-loving being attempting to free us from the control of sin, which quite evidently contradicts the image of a vengeful God.
While we have a loving God who is perfect in all of His ways, we humans went against our Creator, corrupted ourselves, and placed ourselves under His judgement. Another main idea of Christianity is the problem of evil, how it came about, and how it hurts God’s people. The Bible gives many reasons as to why God would allow evil for a greater purpose, but it does not answer every question that
The concept of a utopian society varies from each person’s perspective. A common belief is that a society should be one of complete safety, happiness, and virtue. However, the Puritan community believed that in their society, religion should influence their political system, setting rules to create an agreement with God and to live without sin. Puritan’s piety towards God caused them to follow strict societal rules, and anyone who would commit acts of sin, would be severely punished and humiliated. As mentioned in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter, Puritans deeply frown upon the adulterous actions committed by Hester Prynne, and they punish her by forcing her to wear a letter “A” on her chest, visibly marking her crime forever.