The United Nations was created, the Marshall Plan to rebuild Europe was implemented, and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was established along with a buildup of American military might after the Korean War. The Truman Doctrine that started the Cold War lasted for 40 years and saw conflicts in Berlin, Cuba, Vietnam, and Afghanistan. During the Cold War, Americans feared a worldwide catastrophe that threatened all mankind and the world as we know it (Merrill). However, the Cold War ended with the collapse of Soviet influence and the use of military strategy did not result in nuclear war or a worldwide catastrophe. “Historians” agree that the Truman Doctrine was successful in stabilizing “world politics.” The Truman Doctrine set the tone for American foreign policy following world War II leading to the Cold War but it also stopped the spread of communism by the end of the twentieth century (Truman Doctrine).
Second, strengthen the American people and lessen their dependence on the government. Mr. Reagan identified the problems that the American people were facing as well as the apparent dangers associated with the spread of Communism and pressured Soviet interests through a process known as “roll-back”. The Reagan Doctrine was successful because it decreased the spread of Soviet influence, improved relations with the Soviet Union, strengthened the American economy, and finally put an end to the Cold
The Cold War—a 45-year-long rivalry between the US and USSR—was one of the most intense parts of US history. Tensions were extremely tight; one mistake in foreign policy could cost the US their freedom. Though US evasion of communism is evidence alone that US foreign policy was successful, there were other ways in which US foreign policy achieved its goals. Reagan’s pristine combination of two vastly different foreign policies as well as Truman’s containment policy proves that the United States’ foreign policy during the Cold War was successful. Looking at the Berlin Airlift, the Marshall Plan, and the Truman Doctrine can affirm the success of Harry Truman’s foreign policy of Containment during the Cold War.
Many of Reagan’s firmness led the destruction and downfall of the evil empire. In 1991, Reagan aggressive policies toward the Soviet Union was a factor that ended the cold war. In the other hand his opposition said that only the good fortune of sane leadership in Moscow save us all from the nuclear apocalypse. Reagan diplomatic legacy was more that his admires or critics are likely to admit. Reagan did led his country to a victory in the cold war but his great accomplishment came in his second term in office when he abandoned his earlier stance toward the soviet and took a more flexible stance to better the relations with a reformist and leader of the soviet union Mikhail Gorbachev by acting as Gorbachev partner as much as his enemy.
These confrontations have seen the world potential nuclear power threat. During the cold war period USA was able to become the leader of the capitalist world, the survival of Western civilization and the guarantee of liberal-democratic values in the west. At the same time, it became clear that the US sought to obtain political and economical supremacy throughout the noncommunist world that is why Europe and Japan were persistently resisted. However, classical isolationist policy of the US that America have been spending during the 150 years, has transformed from protectionist into very active foreign policy. Korean war itself has been started as a civil war between North and South Korea but it suddenly changed its status and became an international conflict, when USA
Soviet intervention was seen as an aggressive attack by the United States and its allies, who founded the counter-revolutionary fundamentalists, and thus led to a return to conflicts which were greatly increased in the following years. When Mikhail Gorbachev became the leader of the Soviet Union in 1985, he wanted to restructure the Soviet Union to resemble the Scandinavian model of western social democracy and so he created a private sector economy. He removed Soviet troops from Afghanistan and began a hands-off approach in the USSR's relations with its European allies. This was well-received by the United States, which led to an end of the Cold War and, inadvertently, the fall of the Soviet economy and, in 1991, the dissolution of the USSR. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs headed Soviet foreign policy.
III. THE COLD WAR Short Approaches The term "Cold War" was first used by The British writer, George Orwell, in 1945 to deplore the worldview, beliefs, and social structure of both the United States and the Soviet Union, and undeclared state of war that would come to exist between them after the end of World War II. After that the “Cold War” word introduced to public by Bernard Baruch and Walter Lippman in 1947, which describes the relationship between United States and Soviet Union. The United States and the Soviet Union were an alliance with France and involved in World War I and II. In the World War I, Germany, Austria, and Turkey also make their alliance and work together.
The Cold War pitted the communist Soviet Union and its satellites versus the capitalist western world lead by the United States . The Cold War began after World War Two and lasted until the middle of the Nineteen Nineties. Although the two superpowers never fought against each other directly, the conflict was expressed through military coalitions, espionage, weapons development, including a nuclear arms race, proxy wars, propaganda, and a competition to launch a man to the moon. Although the Soviet Union, allied themselves with the against the Axis powers during the last four years of World War II, disagreements existed mainly about the status of post-war Europe. At the war's conclusion, most of Europe was occupied by the allied powers, while the United States and the Soviet Union possessed the two most powerful military forces.
After the Second World War, a state of political tension arouse between the powers in the eastern part of the globe and powers in the western part of the globe. This state of geopolitical tension was termed as the Cold War. Complex interrelationships and competition between the Soviet Union and the United States gave rise to a sustained struggle for global domination from 1945 to 1990. I argue that, although the Cold War was primarily constructed as a conflict between the First World and Second World, it’s outcome was thought to be determined in this third world. This is supported by the extensive attention given by America and Soviet Union in the domestic affairs of emerging third world countries.