New York City remains as the largest city of the United States, and to many it is considered one of the greatest cities in the world. Since its beginning as the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam, the city has been challenged by the integration of millions of immigrants with a variety of cultures, languages, and different racial and ethnic backgrounds. This has not only defined the city’s rich history and diverse metropolis, but its contributions to the American way of life and culture remains relevant in the present. Since the establishment of the city, immigration from all over the world has influenced aspects of the economy, urban planning, and intergroup relations to form a set of interconnected factors that have molded the landscape of
At the end of the century, America had one of the largest industrial economies in the world. Not only did the rapid growth of industry propel the country towards self-sufficiency but also gave rise to proliferating development in cities. The depression in 1873 which occurred due to the unrestrained development and financial over-speculation should not be overlooked. Consequently, small business suffered and unemployment rates had risen during this
Beyond any doubt, the affordable and stable housing can affect positively the community, and this can be recognized by seeing the changes in lives and communities. This research will clarify the extensive impact of affordable housing on different aspects of community life. Affordable housing, household stability,
Hollywood vs. European Cinema debate — what it 's all about? Hollywood cinema is without a doubt the most popular in the world. Hollywood films tend to be the top priority in exhibition centers and cinemas, have the biggest budgets and biggest stars, and be the best-known within any film-watching population. In turn, European films are associated with the so-called 'art cinema ' and are not as widely recognized in the world as Hollywood. Given the United States and Europe are two economic giants in the contemporary world, as well as two very well developed territories, the question arises: why is this difference?
According to the paper Smart Cities, there is no single specific definition of smart city. The term smart city is defined differently by different people. According to some, smart cities are those cities with “smart (intelligent) physical, social, institutional and economic infrastructure while ensuring centrality of citizens in a sustainable environment whereas Accenture defines smart city as a “city that delivers services to citizen and businesses in an integrated and resource efficient way and enables innovative collaborations to improve inhabitants’ quality of life and support the growth of the local and national economy”. People have started to migrate in urban cities and due to unplanned urbanization this has led many problems, for example,
1. a) Agglomeration economies are a significant power that help distinguish the advantages of the "clustering effect" of enormous amount of activities varying from transport to retailing terminals. There are three chief categories of agglomeration economies: Urbanization economies involve the cost savings wired with manufacturing in a large city, more by reason of inexpensive and intermediate services, goods, extremely large labor pool and extensive knowledge spillovers. World-wide known Dubai is a great example of Urbanization. In United Kingdom can be noticed in Wiltshire, Swindon and Buckingham shire. These towns show of the rapidest growth rates in Europe.
Hong Kong, the city that delights everyone is known for its magnificent malls, serene beaches, breath taking mountains, noisy street and lots of exotic cuisine. It completely defines the modern city. The city has worked very hard to make it a number one tourist destination in the World. By focusing on their strengths in finance, manufacturing and general business acumen, people of Hong Kong has worked whole heartedly to become one of the richest cities in the world. The place attracts thousands of travellers worldwide to experience the vibrant life of Hong Kong.
Both two places are labelled with global financial center and enjoys the fastest economic growth among developed regions 3. Though cosmopolitan in outlook and embodying a spirit of east meets west, they’re both ethnically Chinese societies and affected heavily by Chinese cultures 4. Both cities have limited natures resources, life-essential consumptions heavily rely on import, but both cities utilized their geographical advantages serving as prominent harbors and major trading ports. Singapore and Hong Kong started both from labor-intensive industries in 1950s and achieved the capital accumulation. But limited natural resources and scarce supply of labor signified the maturity this development model.
This essay will be discussing what the four pillars of sustainability are and how these developments of the four pillars affect housing. The four pillars of sustainability that this essay will be discussing are social sustainability, economical sustainability, environmental sustainability and cultural sustainability and how these four pillars affect housing in general. Social Sustainability Social sustainability consists of human rights, labor rights and corporate governance (Partridge. E., 2005). Social sustainability is the idea that future generations should have the same or greater access to social resources as the current generation while there should also be equal access to social resources within the current generation (Partridge.
Urban-based economic activities account for up to 55 per cent of Gross National Product (GNP) in low-income countries, 73 percent in middle-income countries and 85 percent in high-income countries.” In addition, the highly educated and thus very skilful population of urbanised cities leads to more efficiently produced goods and services. Since competition and demand are high, the diversity and extent of products and services expand. For one, the provision of supportive services such as for security, and also for transport and communication booms. Thus, these areas are efficient producers. “Improved economic and social infrastructure,