European conquest during the colonial period greatly affected the indigenous and slave populations, generally decreasing their quality of life while exploiting them for personal gain. To begin, the indigenous people experienced forced assimilation to European culture and destruction of their culture. Many populations practices their own religion separate from European beliefs. Yet, upon the arrival of the Europeans, their way of life was destroyed. Amongst the Aztecs, the Spanish deceived them with their own culture, convincing them to believe Hernan Cortez was their sun God.
Their strong connections to their culture, like farming the Three Sisters, matrilineality, and their native languages were all lost. Today, only 7% of the Haudenosaunee population speak their native language. Furthermore, the Dutch sent many Jesuit missionaries into the 6 tribes, starting with the Mohawk and converted one-third of the population into Catholic. This deterred many Haudenosaunee people from learning their own faiths, and has resulted in significant cultural loss. Additionally, the Haudenosaunee also changed their food habits and began to live “European” houses rather than their traditional longhouses.
Throughout history, there have been many changes pertaining to what is now called California. From Spain, Mexico, and the United States each country added their own ideas and culture blending them all the way. Once Mexico claimed this land from Spain they had to create their own identity. The Mexican government wanted to erase Spain’s influenced around the land. With the secularization of the missions it opened up many different avenues such as free trade, and colonies of immigrants they were not expecting.
Chesapeake- Indians initial help in Jamestown; colonists did not try to adopt Indians into their society, rather move them away. New England- Praying towns made to try to convert Indians to christianity, initial help of Indians, colonists forbade Indian traditions in their colonies, very little mixing through marriage between colonists and Indians Spanish Southwest- Spaniards brought tremendous amount of sickness, initial help of indians, Spanish made biggest attempt to adopt Indians into their culture but suppressed Indian culture, many christian missionaries. New York/ New France- Indians traded with both but established big fur trade with French, bot New York and New French colonies sided with different Indian groups, intermarriage between
In 1819, Kamehameha II took the throne. His first task as ruler of Hawaii was to eliminate the traditional Hawaiian religion. One year after this elimination was made, a group of Protestants came to Hawaii and converted a great deal of them to Christianity. The Protestants also helped the Hawaiians to establish a written Hawaiian language and several missionary schools. Roman Catholics arrives in 1827, however they were forced to leave by Hawaiian Protestant priests in 1831.
Native Americans had once dominated the land now called America, but eventually, their lives would be destroyed by European Colonization. In arrival/ settlement of Europeans, a drastic change for Native Americans occurred forcing them to submit to White settlers, choosing between assimilation into a White culture or preserving their heritage and ancestry. A number of negative results would occur including disease, loss of land, and loss right of self-governing, with no remorse to Native American culture. At this point in time five Indian tribes are recognized as civilized, those being; Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee-Cree, and Seminole Indians, because of their acceptance to the acculturation that George Washington had proposed.
This treaty which was signed as a show of friendship between the two races, and would pose to haunt the Duwamish people in the coming years. This was a key event to the downfall of the Duwamish tribe and it’s implications are discussed below. The first implication that will be examined is the fact that the treaty had promised the Duwamish people that they would receive a reservation from the United States government, which was not fulfilled. The Duwamish people, like other Native tribes, had lived on the same land for generations.
Before the Spanish came to the Americas there were Natives who already lived on the land. Each Native tribe had adopted their own beliefs, their own culture, and way of living. As soon as the Spanish had arrived to the Americas, more so Mesoamerica they demanded that the Natives adapt to their culture and ways of life. The Spanish had viewed the Indians as savages and desired to convert them to Christianity or Catholicism. The Spanish had destroyed the Native Americans’ statues of their Gods, abused them in order to convert, and deprived them of their freedom.
I learned that Puritans claimed land that belonged to the natives just as other European settlers. This increasingly became a problem as the Puritans further disrupted the native lifestyle (Corbett 83). Further, the Puritans attempted to convert the natives to Protestantism Christianity just as the settlers in attempted to convert the natives to Catholic Christianity. To sum it up, “the Puritans often treated Native Americans with a brutality equal to that of the Spanish conquistadors and Nathaniel Bacon’s frontiersmen” (Henretta
The time of Manifest Destiny was a time of true American brotherhood and comradeship. With Andrew Jackson and James K. Polk being the leading presidents of the cause during this time, it not only led to continental expansion but homicide as well. While the Americans believed they were expanding into free land, Native Americans had already settled the land centuries earlier. This led to the dark side of Manifest Destiny. Native Americans were forced to pick up their homes and resettle in areas that were less than sufficient to meet their basic needs.
In the Spanish colonization of the Americas, the strategy of Indian Reductions brought about the constrained transformations to Catholicism of the indigenous individuals. After that, they started to create treaties with other countries, lead business and follow peace. 2. Why did the “middle ground” between Native Americans and European settlers disappear?
Natives tried to resist and defend their land, but the white’s weapons were too advanced. The idea of selling land was misunderstood because of language differences. As settler with Christian ideologies expanded, Native culture became an issue. Different laws were passed by several presidents stating, that Indians should be removed. With all the power of a president, Andrew Jackson signed into law
When the English settlers came over to the Americas they were not expecting to find indigenous people already there. These people were the Native Americans. Over time the English settlers formed one of two relationships with the Native Americans that they encountered. Some of the English and indigenous people became allies and worked together in hopes of benefiting their own society. Other groups of English and Native Americans did not get along and conflict broke out.
Many races and ethnics were battered, but American Indians were the most misunderstood and degraded than other racial or ethnic groups. Unlike other minorities groups in America, the American Indians were not the newcomers. They had lived in this land many years before white men arrived here, most of them lived peacefully on this land. Indians have a unique and singular culture unlike any other minorities group in America. Their values and culture were much too different to the white settlers which caused a great conflict between those groups until today.