There have been many prominent leaders that have molded America into what it is today, Lee is one of them. Robert E. Lee was born in Virginia, January 19, 1807, although one historian believes has was born one year earlier (Wikipedia.com 1). Little is actually known about his childhood, and Lee scarcely mentioned it as an adult. His father, Henry “Light Horse” Lee, left him and his family at a young age and never returned. In 1825, Robert E. Lee attended West Point and graduated second in his class in 1829. He never received a single demerit in his four years there. This training shaped him into the great leader he became.
“Robert E. Lee (1807-70) served as a military officer in the U.S. Army, a West Point commandant and the amazing general of the Confederate Army during the American Civil War 1861-1865. In June 1861, Lee gained command of the Army of Northern Virginia, which he would lead for the rest of the war. Lee and his army achieved great success during the Peninsula Campaign and at Second Bull Run and Fredericksburg, with his greatest victory coming in the bloody Battle of Chancellorsville. In the spring of 1863 Lee invaded the North only to be defeated at the Battle of Gettysburg. With Confederate defeat a near blowout, Lee continued on, battling Union General Ulysses S. Grant in a series of battles in Virginia in 1864-1865 before he finally surrendered
The essay was written by Bruce Catton; who compares the lives and characteristics of two Civil War leaders who put an end to the civil war in a meeting. Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee. According to Bruce Catton, they were two powerful men who survived from the civil war in 1856. Lee was from Virginia, he was of an old age of chivalry. He believed there should be an “inequality within Americas social Structure;” he had a sense of entitlement obligation to community, he was an aristocratic south, he believed in what the culture and tradition of his country; The other General, Ulysses S. Grant, aspired for America that were the opposite
The Battle of Gettysburg was July 1 - July 3, 1863 in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The Battle of Gettysburg was a game changer in the Civil War for 3 reasons: the geography, morale, and losses.
The first chapter of the book highlights the triumphs of Robert E. Lee a Virginian native who started out as part of the Union. Lee refused to lead a Union force to put an end to the rebellion, saying he would “not lift a sword against his fellow southerners” and resigned his position. Over the next few years Lee climbs his way to the top of the confederacy facing many challenges and even a loss or two. The next chapter is on General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard one of the most unique generals of the time. A very persistent man and the first prominent general at the start of the civil
Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis are very similar in many ways and very different in many ways as well. Davis was president of the Confederacy and Lincoln was president of the United States of America.
General Grant did not want to accept this offer at first, due to the fact he would have to distribute his own armies supplies and living quarters to 30,000 soldiers. Instead, Grant came up with the theory that if he offered a plea to parole all of the Confederate soldiers, he would not have to manage the responsibilities of all of the Confederate soldiers. Despite the fact he did this, many soldiers were later exchanged back on July 6th to the Confederacy. After this, the renowned city of Vicksburg had come to an end, the city was destroyed by the Union and there was no turning back.
The Battle of Gettysburg was the first and last battle fought in the North. All the other battles were fought in the South so the Confederate’s people and towns were constantly in danger. Document A illustrates that the General Lee were tired of being on the defense and wanted to be on the offense for a change. Document A states that even though the Confederates tried their hardest they were pushed back onto the defensive and ultimately lost the war (273). Overall, Document A shows that The Battle of Gettysburg was the one battle in the entire war that was fought in the North, and this is significant because the Confederate army was always on the defensive and the southerners were continually in danger from the warfare happening around them.
This had an impact on the Reconstruction period because if Lee wouldn’t have surrendered, the reconstruction period may have not been able to start until later on.
Our life is defined by our accomplishments and failures. Sometimes the only thing that is remembered about a person seems to be the failures. We often hear of great Generals from Robert E. Lee to George Patton and many others that have stood out in the course of history. There is one man nonetheless that seems to hold the title of “Greatest Failure in History”. This is the case with General George Armstrong Custer.
2. Interpret Grant’s generous terms he offered Lee and his Confederate troops while at Appomattox Court House. Do you think these terms were already negotiated
The Unions leaders had General George B. McClellan. He commanded the Army of the Potomac. He was very well loved by his men and always wanted the best for them but at the expense of the Union. He disliked abolitionists and the Republican Party and had very little respect for Abraham Lincoln himself but his biggest problem was that he was a perfectionist. Because of this, McClellan was almost always ready to move but not quite. He was afraid to risk failure so he never would risk doing anything. On the other hand, the Confederates leaders had General Robert E. Lee, who commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. He was considered a big risk taker. McClellan was not too worried about Lee or his army thinking that Lee was weak and too cautious but Lee was anything but that. General Lee gathered as many men as was available and attacked General McClellan on June 26, 1862 repeatedly for seven days. McClellan retreated thinking his army was outnumbered two to one when in actuality he had 70,000 men while the South only had 25,000. The newspapers exploded with the news. The South was ecstatic while the North’s morale dropped very low. McPherson showed how Lincoln had written his famous Emancipation Proclamation but had stored it in a desk drawer waiting for a victory. That Lincoln was afraid that he would never give his speech as the North was not doing very well at that
Ulysses S. Grant (named Hiram Ulysses Grant) was born on April 27, 1822. Grant began his military career graduating Westpoint as an average student in 1843. Grant fought in the Mexican-American War along with Robert E. Lee, a man he would be facing on the battlefield nearly fifteen years later. Grant came to an early retirement in 1854 but after struggling monetarily in civilian life he rejoined the Union army in 1861. Grant was the most famous Union General in the Civil War. Grant was elected for president in 1869 and again in 1873.
Ulysses S. Grant’s armies approached on Vicksburg, surrounding the city and entrapping a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John Pemberton. On July 4, Vicksburg surrendered after prolonged siege operations. This was the climax of one of the most brilliant campaigns of the war. With the loss of Pemberton’s army and this critical fortress on the Mississippi River, the Confederacy was effectively split in half. Grant’s triumph in the West raised by his reputation, leading eventually to his arrangement as General-in-Chief of the Union armies.The battle of Vicksburg was waged for only 47 days, during May and June of 1863. General Grant’s troops besieged the city, having Lieutenant General John Pemberton and his troops captive until July 4, 1863, when Pemberton’s forces surrendered. So they ended the battle
In the summer of 1865 the Presidential Reconstruction took place for southern states. This reconstruction for the states (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Texas) gave the southern people who swore an oath of allegiance pardons and amnesty, it also restored most or all of their property to them (except slaves). In each state they would also have to proclaim secession illegal and ratify the thirteenth amendment at their state convention. Theses people who swore the oath were also aloud to elect delegates to their states conventions, which would provide for regular elections. Though this deal could be a very could thing for many southern people some weren’t aloud to take the deal, Confederate officers,