The New England and Chesapeake regions were settled by people of English descent. Even though these regions were settled by people of English descent, they were very different. The New England and Chesapeake regions evolved into two distinct societies due to economic and political differences.
The New World was home to Native Americans before it was ever home to Europeans. Europeans, mostly the English were who began to shape it to their needs and personal identities. New England, for example was considered to be tight knit and as a result of having families developed schools, and churches to fit their lifestyle. New England and Chesapeake were distinct societies during the colonization era of North America with different settlement patterns, motivations, and economies.
The physical geography of the New England, Middle, and South regions are extremely different. The New England region is difficult to farm on because you have to break up rocks to farm on the thin soil. Breaking up the rocks required challenging work and they also had harsh winters. As a result of this, the New England people began fishing on their rich grounds and entered the lumber industry because of their thick forests. The Middle Colonies has amazing soil for growing wheat, which is what they received most of their income from. They also have a warm climate which gave a long growing season and fertile soil to produce crops such as fruits and vegetables. The southern region had the Tidewater which was a lowland with hot climate that produced
The ideas constructed by the Puritans were not simply a principal starting point for American culture because they were the first in the country, but because they offered distinct ways of thinking that are still deep-seated in our culture today. Although many of the ideas of Puritans have evolved or vanished over time, it is important to give credit to the Puritan writers and thinkers such as John Winthrop and John Cotton who offered ideas that were new at the time and that stayed with the American consciousness—culturally, socially, and politically. “John Winthrop's legacy can be seen primarily in the fields of government, commerce, and religion. It was religion that would most impact John's life; his religion would ultimately impact the
Multiple ethnicities came to America from Europe in hopes of finding religious freedom. They were tired of being persecuted back in their homeland. Some of the more notable factions were the Pilgrims, Puritans, and Quakers. The Puritans wanted to reform from the Church of England and set up a strict religious system in the new colony, Massachusetts Bay. Several of the British North American colonies that eventually formed the United States of America were settled in the seventeenth century by men and women, who, in the face of European persecution, refused to compromise and passionately held religious convictions and fled to the New World. Although pursuit of religious freedom lied at the very foundation of New England, in the middle and southern colonies it played a smaller role, and instead democracy and slavery respectively played the primary roles.
Puritans (church members) were Calvinist who wanted to purify the Church of England they confine church membership to persons they believed to be “saved”, the bible was the final authority. Puritans settler in different parts all over North America, John Winthrop writing the Mayflower compact gave a significant power to Puritans in the New World looking for “a city upon a hill” leaving a political structure over New England in which the puritan had power over the colonies. Within fifty year since the founding of New England the whites surrounded the ancestral lands of the Indians, Metacomet (King Philip) was the son of Massasoit who signed the treaty with the Pilgrims, Philip concerned by the impact of the lands and Europeans culture and religion
Winthrop believes that the church in England is corrupt and requires purification to become more pleasant to God. Winthrop finally moved to the US and settled in Massachusetts. Winthrop’s migration is helpful in the determination of his views on the relationship between the government and religion in an ideal society. He was involved in the formation of a
The Original Puritan vision of having of doing everything as a collective effort for the eyes of England, with almost no aspect of individualism, as seen with John Winthrop, morphed into the Puritans displaying “The Other” theme through King Phillip’s war and finding an enemy and try to define themselves, away from the church, and also there is change with the Nature theme and the Salem Witch Trials which shows the Puritan Dilemma and how it secularized the second and third generation Puritans. Firstly, the original Puritan Errand had little individualism and called for a collective effort for their society to be an example for England. In John Winthrop’s, A Model of Christian Charity, he explains how the Puritans’ original goal is to be a
Winthrop mentions god and the lord continuously throughout the excerpt, constantly reminding them of their main purpose for coming into the new world. He states "our posterity, is to follow the counsel of Micah, to do justly, to love mercy, to walk humbly with our God" he also states "The Lord will be our God, and delight to dwell among us" both of these quotes he is referring to god and he continues to do so multiple times in this excerpt. Winthrop talking about god all revolves around the puritan migration and why they immigrated to the new world to begin with. The puritan migration lasted 2 decades from 1620 to 1640 and consisted of English Puritans migrating to parts of the new world in Massachusetts and the West Indies. The main push and pull factors for migrating was due to the religious prosecution the puritans were facing by New England, leading to the migration in search of a new life and religious freedom as well as to spread the faith of God throughout the new world.
In the sermon “a Model Christian Charity”, by John Winthrop, He delivers a religious based outline of the moral expectations he had for his puritan community. In an attempt to create a perfect Christian society, and to also sway people to behave in a hope to unite the colony and be successful. I believe that he had good intentions in presenting this sermon, but his “rules” were extremely biased, and always seemed to benefit the puritan society. Looking to create a bible commonwealth, Winthrop presented evidence from the bible to convince the settlers aboard the Arbella that god has this expectation of how to behave in society. He does this in hopes of thriving in the new world and creating a “New England”.
Purpose: Winthrop’s purpose for creating this sermon was to coax the colonist into creating a “utopia” in the New World; essentially a moral boost. The author used nationalism, imagery, and God to express his sermon towards the Puritans. By evoking God, he’s trying to create fear among the Puritans.
The development of colonies is a long process that has multiple directions in which can be followed. It is impossible to determine what paths will be pursued and what the outcomes will be. In colonial America the colonies were beginning to make their own change and were in the process of creating their identities. There was a struggle, however, in the beginning of the these colonies. The population death rates were impossibly high, starvation was an everyday part of life; these were problematic situations that were obstacles in the formation of the regions. Yet they still managed to create a society that was their own. The Chesapeake and the New England colonies, for instance, managed to develop their colonial structures in their own separate
Religion was very important to the Puritans in the 1600s. John Winthrop a member of the Puritans gentry, wrote to his wife the ‘I am verily persuaded God will bring some heavy affliction upon this land.” A year later he went and lead a group of a group of puritans to New England. By the 1630s another twenty thousand Puritans would come to America. When John became governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, he told immigrants that will have to guide people toward this holy ideal or they were not welcomed.
Here was a thirst for ‘experimental’ knowledge of God; a craving for the immediate relating of the soul to the divine.” (Maclear) The New England Puritan colony was led by John Winthrop, a one- time lawyer. John Winthrop and the rest of the Puritans under him decided to make an example of good behavior and religious purity to the world. Between 1630 and 1643 nearly 9,000 Puritans
John Winthrop was a Puritan who had every advantage in life. He was born into a wealthy family that was able to provide him with everything needed to succeed. His family was a part of the gentry class, which was the dominant force in English society during his time. He attended Trinity College at the age of 14 where he studied law. His faith was always apparent in his actions.