They did much of the labor work for the southern colonies cash crops. New England colonies had a hot/humid climate so they weren’t able to do any farming like the southern colonies. The New England colonies did not have slaves, this is a big difference between the two and many slaves form the southern colonies would try to escape to the New England colonies since slaving wasn’t allowed there. But the New
Picture the early days of the cotton industry: The Africans, being forced to migrate from their land, the sudden work that falls upon their shoulders, and to deal with the heartache of the separate from their families; beside this they carried Africans into slavery, in order to pick in a cotton field. In the process of building a great economy in America, most people lost the human side of them, or forget that people with dark skin are also human with hearts, not a machine! Ralph Waldo Emerson, express his opinion by saying: “Money often costs too much.” During the seventieth century the money charged the Africans their lives. Owners of farms did not stop by making Negros picking crops, however they crossed the line and started trading them as a material. The public called it by “the slave trade”.
Tobacco held a negative impact for America through the trade. A negative impact of the trade of tobacco through the Columbian Exchange was the introduction of slavery to America. Due to the high amount of labor that came from farming tobacco, slaves were brought in from Africa and the Caribbean. By 1704, there were around 10,000 black slaves in Virginia, however some were granted partial freedom of ability to buy land and marry (Digital History). The idea of slavery that came from tobacco trade held a negative impact for America because it began a cycle of slavery that would continue for years on.
Imagine if the cotton businesses had no slaves the Southerners would have to create their own factories, for example, if they did have to create their own industry, they would have to sell all their slaves and that’s one of the last things that they wanted to do. If the South had no slaves, they would have to do everything all by themselves. According to page 242 it says " planters would have had to sell slaves to raise the money to build factories, most wealthy southerners had their wealth invested in land and slaves. Planters would have had to sell slaves to raise the money to build factories. Most wealthy southerners were unwilling to do this.
I also know that there was a large discrepancy between the North and the South on slavery so I can conclude that there is no legal slavery in the North. This is a reason I would choose to live in the North and not live in the South. Life seemed easier to be in the North because everyday work wasn’t in unbearable conditions in the North. In the South, there climate is very harsh which makes the daily work, cruel. I know this because in Discovering Our Past: The American Journey, the text states, “They worked from sunrise to sunset planting, cultivating, and picking cotton and other crops.” This explains how brutal the work was in the South.
Northern Carolina and Southern Carolina Northern Carolina and Southern Carolina were very different. In Northern Carolina their main crop was tobacco instead of rice and many of the early settlers came from Virginia. The sounds were not deep enough to permit seaports, so the northern settlers kept their ties to Virginia in order to have a port from which they could ship tobacco. In Southern Carolina their main crop was rice and Indians were the first slaves the southern settlers had, and later African Americans took their place. Three counties that were in the Southern Carolina is Berkeley County, Colleton County, and Craven County.
The second biggest negative impact was that of the slave trade beginning. The lack of natives to work for the Europeans in the New World as well as to ship to the Old World urged the Europeans to look for a new source of “slaves” to do their labor work. They eventually looked towards Africa and the slave trade began. About 12 million slaves were shipped (Page 3). The governments in Africa were weak and the Europeans took control of the massive continent.
Specific characteristics of slavery and the slave trade in the English colonies were that plantation agriculture demanded a large labor pool, increasing slavery, and that the slaves specifically working on plantations in the Southern colonies and Caribbean were treated especially harshly. Large plantations located in the Southern colonies were focused primarily on tobacco because of the climate and large economic demand. The slaves that worked on these plantations were treated terribly because the plantation owners only cared about their crops and money; however, the slaves in the Caribbean were treated worse. Here, the plantations focused primarily on sugar cane because of the climate and large economic demand, and slavery was seen as especially
American slaves were treated horribly. It was called the “Peculiar Institution” because it was a strange system. After a while, the South started to rely on slavery since it was agricultural. The North relied on the cotton from the South to ship to other countries. Once the cotton gin came to the South, they needed more slaves because they were producing more cotton.
This barbaric treatment of the native people is ultimately what caused the “Starvation Time”. (C&G 29) Jamestown settlers continue the trend of disregarding human life and became the first colony exposed to the slave trade in North America. Indentured servitude was becoming too expensive, because there was not enough land to distribute once the servants completed their seven years of work. The answer to this dilemma was slavery. In 1619, Africans arrived and were sold in the colony and during the 1960's slavery was made official in Virginia.