To answer this question, we must first understand the two main terms, personal knowledge and shared knowledge. Personal knowledge can be knowledge that is personal to an individual, through the ways of knowing and examples could be knowledge from memory, habits and emotions. Knowledge can also be the work of a group of people working together either in concert or, more likely, separated by time or geography. This is known as shared knowledge. ("Theory of knowledge guide," n.d.) However, this definition is limited as shared knowledge can also be seen as knowledge shared by a group and not something people come up with together.
This establishes the viewpoints of the society. Personal knowledge, on the other hand, allows an individual to know and learn freely. Personal knowledge exists beyond the limits of shared knowledge. Personal knowledge allows individuals to either conform to societal thinking, or to believe against it. In both the bodies of knowledge, what is consistent is Belief.
Knowledge, both shared and personal, gives us a source of familiarity, individuality and meaning in our lives. Firstly, it is important to make a clear distinction between ‘shared knowledge’ and ‘personal knowledge’. Shared knowledge is the result of the combined information and understanding of many individuals. On the other hand, personal knowledge can be defined as the subjective knowledge of a particular individual, based on personal experiences and perspective. In this sense, it seems that shared knowledge has the capacity to shape personal knowledge to an extent.
From the very first moment we are born, or perhaps even before that, we start gaining knowledge through using different ways of knowing. We learn from the others by absorbing shared knowledge as much as we grow our own understandings and establish personal knowledge. While shared knowledge refers to knowledge which is made of collaboration of many and hence is mostly or totally objective and widely accepted, personal knowledge is unique to each individual and is usually subjective by its nature. These two types of knowledge exist in parallel and they often influence each other. In addition, shared knowledge can experience advance and change over period of time, and personal knowledge may be influenced accordingly.
While on the other hand, personal knowledge is gained by firsthand experiences especially through emotion, imagination, faith and intuition. This begs the question of where is the line between shared and personal knowledge and furthermore, to what extent are we even capable of purely personal knowledge.
On the other hand, personal knowledge provides personal, subjective experience that widen our lenses. Shared knowledge affect our personal perspective of the world, and our personal experiences can also influence our world view. Hence, we must acknowledge that shared knowledge have the authority and ability to shape our personal knowledge. This supported by examples of conformity, virtue of Xiao and Utilitarianism. Moreover, personal knowledge have the ability to shape shared knowledge; it is bidirectional.
Personal knowledge is the knowledge of an individual person, which is learned or get through experiences, practices and real life examples. For example Tom is a mechanic, he repairs cars every day and he has some special skills which can help him fix the car in a faster way, but no one but Tom knows this, so it is a personal experience; a child who don’t know if he heat an egg into a microwave oven, the egg will explode, after he put the egg and heat it up and it exploded, he learns that he cannot heat an egg with a microwave oven, it’s a life experience. Shared knowledge is the knowledge that structured, produced by more than one person. Chemistry is a subject that all of its knowledge is shared. There are many ways to access and discover
Knowledge and the acquiring of knowledge today has become more important than ever. The two primary sources of knowledge are methods of inquiry, rationalism, or through experience and circumstance, empiricism . The interaction between these two forms of knowledge means that knowledge itself can be induced or influenced, thereby being ‘shaped’. The question of how shared knowledge affects personal knowledge is rather subjective and is dependent on how one defines shared and personal knowledge. I define personal knowledge as the knowledge acquired through one’s own experience and understanding and shared knowledge as the knowledge that arises as the product of more than one individual or the product of one individual that has been vetted, cross
Personal knowledge and shared knowledge depict a close relationship in that one may be derived from another, and that the two may only be regarded as knowledge if they include the concept ‘I know’ and ‘we know’ respectively as pointed out by edublogs.org. Knowledge can be viewed as the production of one or more human beings. It can be the work of a single individual arrived at as a result of a number of factors including the ways of knowing. Ibo.org indicates that such individual knowledge is called personal knowledge. According to ibo.org, further examples include skills and procedural knowledge that one has acquired through practice and habituation, what one has learned through formal education (mainly shared knowledge that has withstood the scrutiny of the methods of validation of the various areas of knowledge.