It could affect the prisoner mentally because when they get out of prison it could make them not be able to trust authorities or even just people in general. It could also affect them physically from the guards(or whoever) could leave really bad scarring or leave them/their body in bad conditions(injured back, neck, legs,arms, etc). This has been my third and final reason against prisoner abuse. To sum it all up prisoner abuse is not okay because the prisoners are already getting punished. Also it is not morally right to take advantage of your power and authority, and lastly because the abuse could affect the prisoners mentally and physically.
The officers tend to create what is known as a “we/they syndrome”(Schmalleger & Smykla, 2015). This relationship is mainly between the officers and the inmates. Also, it has been said that “when there is little interaction except in control situations, the adversarial nature of the relationship tends to be one of dominance and, in return, resistance is present on both sides”(Schmalleger & Smykla, 2015). Last but not least, the officers tend to lose their capacity and become shocked by the things they see or witness in these type of prisons”(Schmalleger & Smykla, 2015). “Over time it destroys them psychologically and brings outrage and sadism and violence and brutality”(Schmalleger & Smykla, 2015).
Since these are usually costly components, visiting a prison can be nearly impossible for many families. This negatively affects a family’s and inmate’s relationship as well as their state of mind and ultimate way of life. The ideal structure of the system is to incarcerate less people and treat those in need of help, though the current system frequently does the opposite. An inmate’s mental health in prison deteriorates as they bear inhumane hardships as well as their physical health. Besides the acknowledged violent outbreaks that occur behind the walls of prisons, an inmate’s physical health is often threatened in other ways.
One of the major issues with the traditional prison design was the excessive mental pressure prisons often put on inmates and guards. According to some of the psychological researches, spaces by its size and scale, colors and windowless environment can also influenced the psychological effects on the ones who occupy them. Architectural design is all about the details, including choosing the appropriate colors, material and lighting for the specific function in the space, using the appropriate form, scale, and movement. Prison should improve and encourage becoming a place for mental health to lessen the risk of deterioration through close support, high-quality care and safe environment for the inmates to thrive. Therefore, by designing an unhealthy prison environment, it can provoke more crime and violence and by neglecting the importance of these matters leads to dysfunctional architecture, which may be the reason of prisons’ social and system failure.
Jails in the Criminal Justice System Corrections as an element of public policy and the criminal justice operations has far too long focused entirely on those lengthy sentences in prisons as the driving element of the field of corrections. Jails are now seen as something that is more complex, challenging, and useful in becoming knowledgeable of the big picture of the criminal justice system. Approximately, there are 3,320 local jails or regional justice systems spread throughout the United States. Those same jails push us and demand that our attention be brought to the public policy process. Jails promote the opportunity for those to face criminal behavior head on.
How they are perceived, and their of lack ability to meet the expectations of society was interpreted as mental illness. Although they are all institutionalized for different reasons, the one they all have in common is society. McMurphy, for example, was admitted for being a “psychopath”, while others felt that they were not able to function and signed themselves up voluntarily. Consequently, society sets up expectations for what is viewed as normal. If these expectations are not met or if someone is different they walk the fine line of sanity vs.
The abuser might have issues in which they take certain medications, or overdose on drugs; another might be an alcoholic. This can make a person very irrational and they can be angered easily. Because of this, they might take any bottled up anger out on their significant other, or children. “There are various possibilities for why a drink or drug habit is linked to violent behavior in relationships, but it is rarely the case that substance abuse is the only factor that precipitates violence, which is why seeking help with alcohol and drug misuse does not necessarily mark the end of domestic abuse, with many partners remaining abusive when abstinent.” (Substance
This may also lead to psychological problems like depression and stress stemming from an episode of being left out in a certain situation. It can also lead to resentment from the marginalized groups which results in many vices like violence and
Law enforcement do not recognize the minorities they victimize in a way that one should be acknowledged. They view them as troublemakers or nuisances that should be in prison because they are always up to no good. Taylor states, “Within these perspectives, misrecognition shows not just a lack of due respect. It can inflict a grievous wound, saddling its victims with a crippling self-hatred” (Taylor). The perspective that people who practice racial profiling view minorities results in negative effects.
The worse they could ever have to deal with is at their release from custody, they have to confront some difficulties with placement, when they are being rejected by some facilities for their history of violence, which could be a major blow for them. Another scenario is when some family members may be resistant or unable to provide care for them or may be worse, are no longer living. This is not the end of their nightmares since they are often facing difficulties with employability, personal adjustment and following up care. We then can understand why as a rule, incarceration increases the risks for suicide, suicidal and Para suicidal behavior. Suicides are responsible for 6% of deaths in prisons and 30% of death in jail.
This feeling of isolation creates an obstacle of getting back involved in society and resuming personal life. Another common PTSD occurrence involves the patient experiencing flashbacks. During these flashbacks, it can overwhelm one’s sense of reality and make it seem the event is happening again for the first time, “Mimicking the real thing because it provokes a similar level of stress in the body” (Trauma Recovery). The aspect of the heart pounding and the preparation of muscles to react as they did at the time can have some patients believe it is occurring a second time, making any other symptoms worse. Emotional breakdowns are common after experiencing flashbacks and can lead to the patient having energy outbursts where it is hard for them to control themselves.
One symptom is having flashbacks and also sometimes nightmares, which relive a certain trauma. Another is avoiding reminders of the trauma such as places, people, or certain activities (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)). People with PTSD also tend to lack interest in activities that they used to enjoy or spend less time with people he or she was once close to. Oftentimes, one will have a decrease in positive emotions and some people can be very irritable up to and including aggressive outbursts. Anxiety and insomnia are found in patients suffering from PTSD and many other disorders, but one symptom specific to PTSD is a strong feeling of paranoia.
Teens shouldn’t be tried as adults due to the mental and emotional harm that can be caused. This harm will negatively affect their lives post-jail as memories of the imprisonment will still be retained and will change how one perceives the world. After finishing serving time, the teenager will likely act as a different person due to the harsh environment of jail. This can include negativity and hostility caused by what could happen to and around the teen’s still-developing and changing mind. These harmful traits may make the lives of the affected due to the possible lack of socialization.