With Rome on the verge of becoming the Ultimate Power House, they now wanted to move their empire further and farther than their opponents. Carthage was in the way of their reach for power so Rome decided it would take it for its own (Morey, 2012) (para 1). We know that Carthage was the hot spot for trading and for ships to dock to load up on different supplies and also deal with the everyday wear and tear of their ships. Knowing this fact, it is easy to see why Carthage became such a focal point city. To understand why Carthage and Rome came to blows we must understand the power that Carthage actually had, “She had formed commercial treaties with the chief countries of the world.
Carthage was a colony of Tyre, before becoming a commercial giant, it was the capital city on the coast of North Africa. (Morey, W,C, 1901). The government of Carthage was similar to that of Rome in structure, they had two suffettes which were the equivalent of Roman consuls, it also had a council of elders called the ‘Hundred’ which were the equivalent of the senate of Rome. The government was although similar in some respects was also greatly different, as we have seen before in Greece, Carthage was ruled by a few wealthy families (Morey, W,C, 1901). The main problem Carthage had was that it failed to understand the Roman philosophy of incorporating its citizens from conquered cities, therefore Rome had more loyalty from their citizens than Carthage could hope for.
The origin and rise of Carthage According to Morey (1901), Carthage was a colony of Tyre which later became the capital of a great commercial empire on the northern coast of Africa. It rapid growth especially in trade paved the way for it to become a powerful empire founded on trade and commerce. As Carthage became the dominant power over the native races of Africa, which were the Lydians and the Numidians, she eventually forced many of them into slavery and continued her growth. With it trading power backed by slave labor and military power, Carthage could easily expand her empire into the North Africa region and the Iberian Peninsula. This expansion exposed Carthage to contact with other great powers including Greece and Rome.
Carthage grows into a trading and commercial empire in parts of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Rome became concerned as Carthage influence near home was getting stronger, especially in the Western Mediterranean region and Spain. Carthage wealth gives an advantage over Rome as they build a powerful navy and they were able to afford a mercenary army. According to Mark (2011). “She had a powerful navy, a mercenary army and, through tribute, tariffs, and trade, enough wealth to do as she pleased.
Mohammed Salaheldin March 7, 2015 Grade 9, Period A Ms. Lund The Punic Wars The Punic Wars were three distinct conflicts between Carthage and Rome. When the Punic Wars began, Rome was close to complete the conquest of Italy. Meanwhile, Carthage controlled Northwestern Africa and the islands of the Western Mediterranean. When the Punic Wars ended, Rome was the greatest power West of China. Carthage was ruined when the wars ended.
In this essay I will endeavor to examine Carthage and compare and contrast how its power rivaled Rome, I will look at the many similarities and differences in their way of life, and also how they came into conflict with each other. Carthage came into being in the ninth century B.C and traces its roots to the Phoenicians, who were a hardy race of sea farers based around the area of what is now known as Lebanon. They established many trading routes and partnerships throughout the Mediterranean Sea and even along the Atlantic coast. Carthage rapidly grew from a small port to a thriving trade hub and the epicenter of Phoenician commerce, this growth was accelerated by the arrival of many wealthy citizens of Tyre, the Phoenician capital, when
In Italy, the central part of the empire, stood the city of Rome. Back when Rome was just a small village along the banks of the Tiber river, its geography gave it many advantages. One of the biggest of those is its location along a river. Because these were hundreds of years in B.C.E. people relied on rivers and ponds for drinking and bathing.
It became increasingly known across Greece that Athens’ only goal was to help themselves and to further the glory of Athens. Even allies of Athens began to disagree with Athenian rule. The harsh methods employed to maintain Athenian supremacy aroused the increasing resistance of the allies (Fliess 1961). The strong Greek city-states that were aligned with Sparta included Thebes, Corinth, and Elis. As the Peloponnesian War endured, it became clear that power in Greece was shifting away from Athens and towards the
Unexpected similarities can be made between the past and modern day culture. Ancient Rome was a powerful Republic and Empire at its time. It’s borders stretched all the way to the Indus River and throughout the Middle East. Its strong military kept anyone from invading until its fall. George Lucas’ world of Star Wars is often compared to the Roman Empire.
But with the Ghana empire other smaller communities started to appear and a large empire known as the Mali empire became powerful after the fall of the Ghana empire in the eleventh century C.E. That was when the Mali empire converted into western Sudan to Islam and developed the city of Timbuktu and was the center of trade, Muslim religion, and education. Then other states/dynasties like: Berber, Songhay, Hausa, and Kanem-Bornu flourished, Berber began in the eleventh century C.E. and Songhay began in the fifteenth century C.E. Throughout the continent tribal cultures developed, hundreds of them, either being hunter gatherer groups like the nomads or more like farming groups, and developed distinct systems of trade, religion, and politics.