Religion in The Elizabethan Era About 450 years ago, the Elizabethan Era was in full swing. Religion was a was a touchy subject; with half the people believing in Protestantism, and the others believing in Catholicism. The monarch ruled politically and the roman catholic church ruled spiritually, until King Henry VIII broke away from the catholic church and created The Church of England. No separation from state and church created a religious battle field, and a constant swinging pendulum for religion. Protestantism, was brought to us by king henry VIII.
The Reconquista started in 722 when the Muslims invaded the Iberian Peninsula and during this time period Christian kingdoms were spread out over the peninsula but did not have much power on the whole. But when the Reconquista started the Christian kingdoms began to push the Muslim Moorish states out of the peninsula and those invaders were some of the main targets of the Reconquista to take back Spain and put it under Christian rule again (“Reconquista”). The Reconquista began in 718 when King Pelayo of the Visigoths defeated the Muslim army in Alcama at the Battle of Covadonga, first significant victory of the Christians over the Moors.
Muhammad, God’s prophet, was a follower of Islam, and thus prayed to Allah, the Islamic “Supreme God.” Muslims follow Sharia Islamic Laws. Rather than having emperors, they had Sultans, as their leaders. Islamic Caliphates were able to unite the fighting tribes in the Arabian Peninsula, and spread throughout the Middle East of Europe. The Islamic Caliphates were soon able to conquer North Africa and the Persian Empire. However, as the Islamic Caliphates were expanding their empire, they were seized from expanding by the Byzantine Empire, in the battle of Tours (Spielvogel
The Moors were muslim inhabitants of the Iberian Peninsula, that maintained the control over the majority of the area. The Spanish monarchs had established the Spanish Inquisition, “a state run system of courts where church officials put believers of religious ideas other than catholicism on trial.” They therefore believed that this would expand the Catholic religion. The regulation become more serious and it ordered Jews and Muslims to either convert to or leave Spain. However, the Spanish needed a bigger army to defeat the Moors. The Spanish set off to find for people to convert to Catholicism.
Spanish claims to Latin America were based on the Christianizing mission. When Christopher Columbus arrived at the ‘New World’ in 1492 he quickly and forcibly took advantage of the wealth of the Indian tribes; those who refused to hand over their gold and jewels faced brutal punishment of all sorts. In return, Columbus and other Spaniards bestowed the Indians with Catholicism by baptizing them and teaching them the rituals of the religion. Hence, the colonization of Latin America was justified under the guise of spreading Christianity. Meade supports this by saying, “The Crown utilized this system of rewards to encourage the settlement and further conquest of the New World.” In this case, we see how the Catholic Church was used as a moral defense in order to gain the
The Spanish Empire The Spanish Empire is one of the largest empires to be established in history. It stretched over many continents and had many islands. Spain expanded its territories over four centuries, starting in 1492 and ending in 1892. One of the influences from the Spanish Empire today is that the United States was founded under Spanish control. The motivating force for Spanish exploration, both on land and overseas, was the spread of Catholicism and the unearthing of natural resources and precious metals such as gold and silver by taking over other empires such as the Aztecs and Incas.
Every saga has a beginning and on October 12, 1492, a handful of Europeans began their quest for the invasion, control and conquest of what came to be called Spanish America. When invasion ended conquest continued as assimilation saw a merging of cultures between Spaniards and many indigenous people over three centuries. The indigenous people of Latin America had a unique culture, one that suited their way of life. Once the Spanish infiltrated their homeland, it was to change forever. Spanish ideology was vastly different from that of the simple-minded ideology of the Indian.
Religion was a key factor in the way La Casas and the Spaniards protrayed the indigenous people of the Caribbean. Queen Isabella 's role in the avocation of converting the native people to Catholicism allowed Religion to play a major role in the Spanish ConquestLas Casas mentions Queen Isabella’s religious influences in the opening chapter of the book. He also states that her death and the disappearances of her influences is the reasons the Spaniards genocide of the native people increased. Both Las Casa and the Spaniards agreed that religion was a reason for the conquest of the Caribbean. However, they concept influenced their portrayal of the natives in different ways.
The first reason conquest had something to do with the quick spread of Islam is when Heraclius spread the word during the Byzantine War. In the Why Islam Spread So Quickly reading it states, “When Heraclius massed his troops against the Moslems and the Moslems heard that they were coming to meet them out at al-Yarmuk, the Moslems refunded to the inhabitants of Hims.” This is saying if Heraclius didn’t mass his troops the word of Islam might not have gotten around to the Hims and areas around there. The next reason conquest helped Islam spread was through military services and ghazu raids. In the Why Islam Spread So Quickly reading it states, “...A series of ghazu raids against the non-muslims communities in the neighboring countries. The unity of the ummah would be preserved by an outwardly directed offensive [attack].” This relates to the spread of Islam because Muslims use a strategy of raids against non-muslims that would preserve the unity of the ummah.
In the early 1500’s the main religion throughout Europe was Catholicism. As time went on more people started to doubt the religion for numerous reasons. Some of which consisted of corrupt priests, indulgences, or buying a ticket to heaven, punishment for other beliefs, and the church’s interference with the monarch. Because of this, heresies became popular. With disillusion rising a Protestant Reformation began.
The expansion of the Islamic empire was a big time in history for the Muslims, it was their big breakthrough. The most important events that caused the expansion were the military, the treaty of Tudmir, and the granting of gifts. I think the most significant reason the Muslims had a big breakthrough and expanded was because the military. The military and other Muslims including women conquered the Greeks and took their land. “70,000 of them(the Greeks) were put to death.”(Document A).
During the Tudor dynasty a diverse range of conflicts and rebellions occurred. After Henry VIII breached with Rome in 1533 the threat of religion increased leading to multiple revolts. This resulted Elizabeth, the last monarch of the Tudors, left to overcome various problems which threatened the Queen such as; the religious issues caused by the Spanish Armada linking with the rebellions she had to also overcome, the Northern Rebellion, and finally foreign policy, threatened by the Anglo Spanish relations causing great threats for the Virgin Queen. However, Elizabeth did overcome religious threats by the end of her reign, despite the unstable country she was left in by her rebellious sister Mary, her father Henry VIII and grandfather Henry VII,
Communities of Consensus Research Report The Great Awakening during the Colonial time is an example of Communities of Consensus. During the late 1760s the Puritans and Anglicans represented 40% of the nation 's religion. Ministers tried to promote a single “identity” but were unable to due to the restriction of religious freedom. As evangelists went town after town they found bigger chapels and a huge number of Protestant categories grew. The Great awakening pulled America away from the English way of politics and religion.