Furthermore, the German military was to be reduced. The military was limited to 100,000 men and 6 battleships, however, they were not allowed to have submarines or an air force. This would wound German pride as Bismarck had stressed the importance of the military during his time.
The treaty they wrote was ruined. But eventually France and Britain got what they wanted, which was a peace treaty that demanded Germany for peace and them not to rise up another war. The United States was not even on that peace treaty, but history says that Woodrow got his powerful nation, just not the one he wanted. This peace treaty that demanded Germany to obey, gave loss to some of their land. So secretly Germany said that they would do anything they can to get what they had back and then some.
Little did they know that the USSR and the rest of the Soviet Union and communist would fall instead because of lacking stability and leader. It was known that the first 2 nuclear powers were making bets that the other wouldn’t attack the other, but they would retaliate if they did. This then called for scientific and industrial advancements, investments, etc. This was so the Soviet Union wouldn’t fall behind any other nation. They wanted to be equal if not better.
The conference was formed to decide on how hard germany and russia should have to repay the losses of the countries from the war. France, britain and the US all had different plans of what the had wanted to do. Wilson had the most peaceful plan because america had been involved the shortest and had suffered the least amount of losses. He was saying that he wanted to form the league of nations that could help prevent future wars. He also stated that germany should not be blamed for the entire war.
Accordingly, he tried to make American aid available to Britain, France, and China and to obtain an amendment of the Neutrality Acts which rendered such assistance difficult. He also took measures to build up the armed forces in the face of isolationist opposition. Congress enacted a draft for military service and Roosevelt signed a "lend-lease" bill in March 1941 to enable the nation to furnish aid to nations at war with Germany and Italy. The Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941, followed four days later by Germany 's and Italy 's declarations of war against the United States, brought the nation irrevocably into the war. Roosevelt exercised his powers as Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, a role he actively carried out.
H.G Wells said, the Great War was supposed to be “the war to end all wars”; ironically enough a few years later a second world war broke out due to Germany feeling like the Treaty of Versailles treated them unfairly and the League of Nations having little to no power. World War II started on September 1. 1939 and ended nearly six years later on September 2, 1945. The war was long and bloody with nearly sixty million civilians and soldier casualties combined (according to nationalww2museum.org). There were five major turning points in World War II.
The intense rivalry raised concern for the Americans in which they believed the Soviets could threaten their security. During WWII, the Soviets have reportedly carried out espionage activities in America with the help with a few U.S citizens. The spy theories raised a concern for president Truman, resulting in the Loyalty Order, ensuring that the government workers were truly anti-communist (No individuals were found guilty).The second Red Scare, also known as McCarthyism, had another formed organization, the House Un American Committee (HUAC). The HUAC proposed in 1918, but truly peaked in the 1950s once the search for communism was extreme. Joseph McCarthy accused thousands of Americans to be communists and wanted those people checked and rid of.
During a military conference, on July 21, 1940, Hitler declared war against the Soviet Union. The code name was Barbarossa and the goal was to obtain more “Lebensraum”, which means living space, for the Germans. Several factors of the war against the Soviet Union caused Hitler not to be able to have power over the land. Hitler did not agree with the German Army High Command (OKH) that Moscow was a priority to take over during the war. He also did not to listen to his general Jodl, who was in charge of the combined services command staff, who suggested that he go to Moscow at the beginning of the war.
• These meetings took place in Teheran (1943), Yalta (February 1945), and Potsdam (July 1945) • Churchill worked with the 2 leaders in order to develop a united strategy against the axis powers • The 3 also helped create the post-war world with the united nations as a centerpiece • While the war started to wind down Winston proposed plans for social reforms in Britain but he was unable to convince the public • Unfortunately he was defeated in the general election in July 1945 • Dresden: • Allied forces bombed the historic city of Dresden from February 13th to February 15th,1945 which was during the final months of the war • The bombing of Dresden was considered controversial because it was neither important to German wartime productions and it was not a major industrial center • It was by February 15th that the city was destroyed • The estimated casualties were between 35,000 and 135,000 dead • Rommel: • One of the Germans most popular generals during WWII • Rommel tried to create a plot to overthrow Hitler • Rommel took his own life on October 14th, 1944, when he was only 52 years old • Gained his enemies respect by victories as a commander of the Afrika
Einstein wrote a letter to President Roosevelt saying that they needed to develop an atomic research program later in the year. Roosevelt didn 't see the reason nor the urgency for the project but agreed to proceed slowly.
When the government detected a threat, it acted swiftly as to prevent a bloody war that would destroy the world. The governments put in place in Guatemala, Chile, Iran, and South Vietnam were supposed to prevent the spread of the Soviet Union forces and therefore, protect the United States as a
Could you tell me why Poland was invaded? A: We were invaded because of the land given to us at the treaty of Versailles. Hitler told Britain and France that the invasion was just a defensive action but that was a lie.
Whereas on the foreign front President Truman guided the country through the end of World War II, the starting of the Cold War, and the beginning of the atomic age. When President Truman came into office the war with Europe was almost to its end but the war with Japan seemed to be further away from ending. “With figures for a full-scale invasion of the Japanese home islands mounting and Japanese leaders offering few concrete hints of agreeing to the President 's terms for unconditional surrender, Truman endorsed the use of the bomb against Japan” (millercenter.org/president/truman/foreign-affairs). Truman also had his problems with the Soviet Union as both nations were looking to the international post-war order in line with their own interests. To protect the country and the world from the Soviet Union, United States executed a containment policy that was first administered to Western Europe that in due course included Asia as well.
As a former Vice President, Secretary of Agriculture and Secretary of Commerce, Henry A. Wallace, a strong proponent of the New Deal and advocate of a more lenient Soviet Union policy which ultimately became controversial within the Democratic Party. Although Wallace’s criticism of President Harry S. Truman’s resulted in his dismissal, he nevertheless, actively voiced his criticisms during the Cold War. In “The Path to Peace with Russia,” Wallace criticized America’s foreign policy, while asking to judge the Soviet Union interests against those of the United States. Henry believed the United States involvement in the reconstruction of the Soviet Union could have helped the economies of both countries only if the mentality of international affairs could have been shifted. Wallace’s private letter, primarily to influence President Trumans’ thinking was achieved by creating a world where the United States was without their air bases, weapons and the atomic bomb and a Soviet Union who had “[created] a level of armed strength far exceeding anything in their previous history.”
Around 1945, tensions began arising between the US and the USSR, which lead to the Cold War. During a 40 year time period, each nation tried to spread their political and economic systems. Both the US and the USSR wanted to spread their ideologies across the world. The origin of the Cold War was distrust; in “fighting” this war, the political and military tactics were the most effective.