Social Characteristics: Families were large in Massachusetts, people lived longer and there were many families. Many small local communities existed with small schools and churches. Church attendance was mandatory, and people were forced to be Puritan. There was zero religious tolerance in the community. Political System: Massachusetts originally had a governing body called the General Court which was assembled by the original joint-stock company.
The process of black slavery taking route in colonial Virginia was slow. Black slavery mostly became dominant in the 1680s. Slaves became the main labor system on plantations. The amount of white indentured servants declined so the demand for black slaves became necessary in the mid-1660s. The number of white indentured servants that Virginia had up until the mid 1660s, was enough to meet white peoples labor needs.
They instead imported their agricultural products and focused their skills on lumbering, shipbuilding, fishing, and trade. Demographically, English settlements were more family oriented than that of the southern colonies. The majority of settlers consisted of families of six children per household and overall the amount of men and women equaled each other as well as the amount of adults to children. The settlers that lived in the New England colonies were dissenters from the Church of England. Predominantly consisting of Puritans, religious freedoms did not exist throughout the northern colonies.
John Edwards was an important figure in early American History. John, delivered several speeches to the American colonies. Many of the early settlers came to the new land seeking religious freedom one that was not afforded to them in England. Because the colonies were still under the rule of England, they continued to operate for the benefit of the crown. England was more concerned with the colonies ability to produce vital resource for economical gains rather that than the colonist desires.
Another difference was New England had shaped into a set of colonies that focused more on industry, while the Chesapeake colonies focused more on agriculture. Due to the long winters and poor rocky soil, New England only did small scale farming and focused on more on industries such as fishing, lumber, shipbuilding, and whaling. New England colonies were the most industrious of all colonies. Political wise, New England was made for religious freedom. New England colony towns were compact and held town meetings and white Puritan males with land were able to vote.
The way in which the colonies made enough money to support England was based off as the geography of the land and how conducive the use of agriculture and cash-crops would be. The different climates of the New England and Chesapeake created different economies for each. In New England, the economy was based on shipbuilding and fishing because of long winters and the rocky soil that was not fertile. New England colonies, founded by primarily large families, only had small family farms as a result of the climate and turned to trade and industry rather than agriculture. The lack of need for farming for the economy led to the abolishment of slavery, as it was seen as unnecessary based off the economy.
The religion in the southern colonies was more diverse. Housing in the southern colonies depended in your social status. Wealthier families would live on plantations with stone and brick buildings, the slave usually lived on the plantations with their owners. New England colonies had a fair class system mainly made up of a wealthy merchant class. Men were the head of the households in the southern colonies while the women did much of the house work cooking, cleaning, quilting and raising the
Eastern and Western European countries had many differences on economics and political structures. Both the East and the West tried to achieve an absolute monarchy, which can be described as a type of government where the monarch has complete rule over everything. Although both had an absolute monarchy at some point, they were structured differently and one much more successful than the other. In Eastern Europe the members of nobility had almost all of the control over the poor peasants who lived in their community. They controlled their judicial and economical state.
They also had a larger class of indentured servants and were mainly slaved based. In addition, the south lacked industry and ship building. Cotton was their main source. “Their religious systems” The south lacked religious organization; however, the other colonies had a diverse religious system. The other colonies consisted of Puritans, Quakers, Catholics, Jews, and others.