The Revolutionary war appeared like it was going to end earlier than expected. Since the British army were driving the revolutionist, led by Washington, out of New York and into New Jersey. The British continuously pursued the crippled colonist army, so Washington led his army across the Delaware river. They camped on the Pennsylvania side of the river, but the army was abridged of supplies. Washington considered a very risky plan, knowing if he didn’t do anything the revolution will come to an end.
The Battle of Saratoga proved to be the turning point of the Revolutionary War and convinced the French to support the Americans. The new British commander, Sir Henry Clinton retreated from Philadelphia to New York. George Washington decided to attack Clinton’s force as the British army moved through New Jersey. Marquis de Lafayette was initially chosen to lead the attack, but an objection by Major General Charles Lee allowed him to take command. After learning that British reinforcements were getting close, Lee ordered his soldiers to retreat.
This is happening because the british are coming to take away the colonists rights. the plan was for his friend to go to the Old North church and send on lantern if by land and two if by sea. So Paul waited and saw the signal two lanterns so he mounts his steed and rides of into the night so in conclusion if you were taught “Paul Reveres
Such cruelty outraged even those moderate colonists who held out hope for reconciliation with Britain. King George III rejected the Congress Olive Branch Petition in August 1775 which pushed more colonists toward independence. The final step required for colonist to accept the fact that independence from Britain was necessary came from Thomas Paine. He publicized the Common Sense pamphlet January 1776. This pamphlet made a vigorously argued case for independence.
In spite of this, the militias continued on their path to toward Concord Bridge where a battle was fought and the British would be forced to withdraw. The British lost 300 men killed, wounded, or missing. With these many casualties for the British, it was safe to say that no petition was going to sort out what went down at Lexington and Concord. The Americans tried anyways and desperately, with an attempt to restore peace, The Olive Branch Petition was adopted by Congress and sent directly to King George III. The king refused to read the petition and patriots realized Parliament was acting with the knowledge and royal support.
The question historians have been debating for hundreds of years is, who shot the first shot at the battle of Lexington. Evidence has been found but not enough to find out who fired “The Shot Heard Around The World” and started the Lexington battle. The Sons of Liberty came together to send William Dawes and the well known Paul Revere to Lexington. Revere got caught by the British and he walked back to Lexington after his horse was taken while Dawes crashes his horse into a tree and limps home. Prescot rides his horse to Concord to warn the minutemen and militia.
The Boston Massacre occurred in 1780, six colonists were shot and killed by British Soldiers. Adams successfully defended these soldiers in court, although it was the unpopular view of the colonists. In 1774 Adams was chosen as a delegate to attend the First Continental Congress meeting in Philadelphia. During this meeting Adams played a leading role in convincing the congress to strive to declare independence. After this first meeting of congress Adams was elected once again to participate in the Second Continental Congress in 1775.
Also on that day, Fort San Miguel was capitulated and the British then moved to Fort San Carlos. General Jackson intended to capture Fort San Carlos the following day; however, the British destroyed the fort during the night and run away. On November 14, 1814, Andrew Jackson said to Willie Blount, “…Tremendous explosions told me that the Barancas with all its appendages was blown up…I determined to withdraw my troops, but before I did I had the pleasure to see the British depart.” Very few men were injured or killed in this squabble between the Americans and the British and Spanish. Although this battle was not a very serious one, some historians have said that it was very important in the United States winning the War of 1812. If General Jackson and his men had not run British out of Pensacola so quickly, the British may have had time to plan and take Mobile and possibly New Orleans as well.
The Townshend Act (1777) was to apply taxes to all imported glass, lead, paint, paper and tea. The colonists felt like it was an unjust and unfair practice to have “No taxation without representation” and that they were not represented by the British Parliament. King George II sent troops the America because of the boycotts of British goods. After the Boston Tea Party came the Battles of Lexington and Concord, where the colonist took up arms and prepared for battle. The Boston Massacre in 1770 was the turning point the America to gain its independence from the British.
In 1608, there was a race to get to the Americas, which were beginning to be colonized. Britain used lots of advertising to try to convince people to move. During this time, John Smith had been exploring the territory around the Virginia area when he had an encounter with the local American Indian tribe. Many people are unsure what happened during this encounter, and historians argue whether or not Pocahontas saved John Smith when the emperor of the tribe supposedly attempted to kill him. Pocahontas did not save John Smith’s life because the emperor was kind to him; in fact, the emperor was not going to kill John Smith at all.
The stamp showed these words embedded in the paper; the taxes had to be paid on this document. This was extremely disturbing to the colonies because of what they had written in the document about the taxes. George Grenville 's plan insisted that all of the taxes that they collected go directly to the soldiers who were protecting the North American Colonies. He also informed the colonies that those who tried to avoid using the tax paper that they would be tried in a court of law and not by a jury of their peers. The British Crown was ready to enforce these sanctions on the colonies, which is why they informed them of their intention to raise the taxes.
After Lexington and Concord, the Second Continental Congress didn’t pursue independence, but they did select George Washington as the military commander. From April 1775 to July 1776, many colonists were confused for their feelings of independence; some colonists wanted to mend differences, while others wanted to fight Britain. The British fought back hard and strong by burning down towns and attacking the colonists. Thomas Paine’s book, Common Sense, argued that the colonists out grew the need for any English rule and they should be given independence. Finally, Thomas Jefferson was appointed to create a draft of the Declaration of Independence, and it was approved by Congress on July 4, 1776.
Patrick Henry an American colonist who opposed of British rule spoke out on March 23, 1775 to explain his disagreement on the British having control over the American colonies. In "Speech in the Virginia Convention," Patrick Henry uses the rhetorical appeals ethos, pathos, and logos. Patrick Henry uses the rhetorical appeals to persuade Virginian patriots to go to war seeing no other option and believing there was no more working out disagreements. First Patrick Henry uses the rhetorical appeal ethos by appealing to the audience trust and credibility. For instance, “...An act of disloyalty towards the majesty of heaven, which I revere above all earthly kings."
My service to the army at Valley Forge is soon ending.I have decided to re-enlist for three reasons which are: Hope, the army needs me, and for my family and the hope of surviving. The event that caused this whole war to occur were the protesting and the Boston Tea party that happened in 1773. I felt that the Boston Tea Party was a right and wrong decision when it happened because we should not use violence to cooperate with our “enemies”, we should use reason. Even though the British kind of deserved that protest. Also the Declaration of Independence caused the war by angering the British in 1776.
The Americans, resenting the lack of colonists in parliament, regularly made protests to the British government about receiving the same rights as normal British citizens (History.com N.A, 2009). Various disputes ensued, until a group of delegates including George Washington, met in 1774 to raise their complaints about the British crown. This “congress” did not go as far as demanding independence, but it condemned the taxation that the colonists had no say in. Less than a year later, on April 19th, the first shots of the American Revolution were fired (History.com N.A, 2009). As a result of this, America achieved independence and lost Britain a precious colony where it could send its