New England and the Middle Colonies are 2 Colonies that are total opposites from each other, but do have some similarities. New England had no religious freedom because if you were not puritan then you could not live there. On the other hand, the Middle Colonies did have religious freedom, you could be a Quaker, Lutheran, Jewish, Catholic or French and a lot more as well.
The New England and Chesapeake colonies were established during the early 1700s. Despite the population originating from England, the regions had distinct societies. This was due to the fact that many settlers voyaged to the New World in search of riches, to seek new lives, or for religious freedom. They differed socially, politically, economically, and geographically.
The 13 Colonies are broken down into 3 parts, Middle, Southern, and New England Colonies. There were many similarities and differences between all of the 13 Colonies. Many of them ranging from their climate and geography to the role women and African Americans played.
massive difference in the way that each of the colonies started out and directly influenced the
The differences in the economy in the three different regions of the thirteen colonies were determined by both the people who went there and the environment. The environment limited how the economy was based because an agricultural economy needs good ground for growing, so without good soil, the economy would have to be based on industry. In the New England colonies (Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, Connecticut, and Rhode Island), the economy was dependent on their industries, not their agriculture. The Middle Colonies (New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware) were equally dependent on industry as they were on agriculture. The Southern Colonies (Maryland, N. Carolina, S. Carolina, Virginia, and Georgia) depended on selling their
New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely of English origin, but by the 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. The difference in development occurred because of different religion beliefs, situations the colony was under, and different political views. Starting a colony wasn’t trouble-free. The settlers struggled with: starvation, lack of clean water, disease, and and indigenous people. Some settlers even disappeared almost completely, with the reasoning being unknown. The only thing left of the Roanoke village or “Lost Colony”, was a carving into a tree that read, “Croatoan.” Even today, this is still a mystery.
The glaciers from the north made it so that they have fertile soil and the growing seasons were much longer with lots of sunlight and rain. They traveled by riding along the wide rivers like the Delaware river and the Hudson river. The middle colonies were an important distribution center in the English mercantile system. The land they live on has a lot of diversity between race, the diversity in races are Catholic, English, and Enslaved Africans all share the land. They made a living by working on the farms and selling those crops to the town. Farming was a good source of money because the fertile soil made it easy to grow crops like grain, trees, and potatoes.
The middle colonies had a wide range of terrains from coastal beaches to soaring mountains that lied inland. The wide range allowed the middle colonies to have a unique and diverse economy. For instance its costal shore was optimal for harbors and docks. Also due to its location between the southern and New England colonies it made it a prime spot for reaching all 13 colonies. Its rich soil allowed farmers to plant a variety of crops.
The three main colonies that we hear about are Virginia, Plymouth, and Massachusetts. These three colonies basically define all the others, as each group and its main founder either went for a personal financial gain or to escape religious persecution. Virginia was originally settled by Captain John Smith and grew into a successful trade colony through tobacco. Plymouth was originally founded by the Separatists and was lead by William Bradford. Eventually the dwindling Plymouth joined with Massachusetts which was originally Puritan based. Massachusetts was one of the most successful colonies, founded by John Winthrop, as the Puritan religion allowed a strict regime of tight government rules and ideals. These colonies also differ
Colonial settlements shared very few similarities. In fact, the single uniting trait that they all had in common was what continent they were settled upon. Two regions, the Chesapeake Bay area and New England, both developed with significant variations. The differences in societal development between the New England Colonies and the Chesapeake Bay Colonies was due to the difference in the primary religion of the majority of settlers in the specific area and the people who desired to settle there which would help lead to the development of vastly different societies in the areas, the difference in climate, soil fertility and availability of resources in each area which would lead to the development of two different economies, and the form of
There were considerable differences between the North, Middle and Southern regions. The New England climate has four seasons. The climate of the Northern colonies was mild with short summers. Northern colonies have long, cold and snowy winters, however, less disease than the Southern colonies and Middle colonies. In contrast with the New England, the Southern colonies have the very warm climate. The climate in the Middle region is gentler than in the New England. Comparatively, they also have four seasons, however, the winters are not as cold as in New England. The summers are not as hot as in the southern region.
The English colonies lacked full support from the crown of England, which in turn helped set up local government, and local interests, including the economics of the region. The English settled up and down the Atlantic coast line, and in accordance to the region of where the colony was located had much to do with their economics. The New England, middle, Chesapeake, southern, and British West Indies colonies all had different economic interests.
The Chesapeake and New England regions settled in the new world with different economic and religious beliefs, which led to different traditions and interests. These things that I stated led up to two separate societies, though both regions were mostly settled by the English. The Chesapeake part of the land was filled with men in search of property, and economic opportunity. The New England part of the land had families who had ventured into the new world to find a place to practice their religions that were forbidden in England.
Throughout the era of exploration and colonization, British America evolved into three distinctive areas: the Southern/Chesapeake colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the New England Colonies. Each region was colonized due to different motives, exported different commodities, and developed distinct social structures.
In the early 1600’s British settlers colonized the east coast of North America forming a total of 13 colonies. These arising colonies began to grow and evolve into different societies despite being from the same region beforehand. One of the reasons that led to distinct separation among regions was social disjunctions. Others significant reasons include various economic incentives and political stance as well as religious motives. With varying social, economic, and religious disjunctions, the New England and Chesapeake regions both evolved into two distinct societies by the start of the 18’th century.