North And South Differences

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The North and South emerged as two distinct regions because they had various differences. These differences included the geography, the economy, the society, and the transportation. The North and the South were very opposite. This caused them to become two diverse regions. These differences ultimately lead to the Civil War. One of the most striking differences between the North and South was the climate and geography. In the North, there are long, cold winters, while in the South there were short, cool winters. In addition, the South had great soil, which made farming easier. However, in the North, the rocky soil made farming very challenging. So, instead of farming, the North stuck to trading. The North had plains and the South had mountains. Along the coastlines, there are swamps and marshes in the South. In the North, there are bays and harbors. The North had fast rivers that were hard to navigate. On the other hand, The South had slow rivers that were easy to navigate. The climate in the North and South were and are very different from each other.…show more content…
The rich soil and mild winters of the South led to a Southern economy which based on agriculture. They sold cotton, tobacco, rice, sugar cane, and indigo as cash crops. However, cotton became the most important crop after Eli Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin. The Northern economy was based on manufacturing. Most of the employees at the factories were immigrants from Europe. Many factories in the North began producing textiles (cloth). Also, many large cities were formed in the North. In addition, many Northern people found slavery a societal issue, however the South had an agricultural economy based on slave labor. The North believed slavery was morally
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