Different Characteristics Of Second Language Acquisition And Second-Language Acquisition

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Researchers define language acquisition into two categories: first-language acquisition and second-language acquisition. First-language acquisition is a universal process regardless of home language. Babies listen to the sounds around them, begin to imitate them, and eventually start producing words. Second-language acquisition assumes knowledge in a first language and encompasses the process an individual goes through as he or she learns the elements of a new language, such as vocabulary, phonological components, grammatical structures, and writing systems.

ESP has grown to become one of the furthermost prominent area of ELT. English has become the internationally acknowledged language of almost all the fields of knowledge. Depending on their specific needs and requirements, new learners who knew specifically why they need English are created. In some cases people with inadequate proficiency in English need to be taught to handle specific jobs. To fulfill the needs of these new learners’ new specific courses were designed and introduced. ESP is one of these specific courses. From early 1960’s, ESP has emerged as one of the major areas of EFL teaching today. Various universities across the globe are offering a number of ESP courses nowadays. Examples: English for Chemists, English for Educationists, English for Advertisements, English for Media, etc.
ESP means English for specific purposes. ESP is defined in the terms of its absolute and variable characteristics by Tony

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