Components Of Forensic Psychology

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1. How Forensic psychology is science?

Forensic psychology is consider as science since it involves empirical evidence which is obtained through direct observation and measurements with scientific method. Besides, it follows the four basic goals of psychology which is describe, explain, predict and change behaviour of offender for a better living. Other than that, the application of research and experimentation in other areas such as cognitive psychology and social psychology which also contribute to forensic psychology in helping the legal system.

2. Write different components of forensic psychology?

There are 6 type of components of forensic psychology. First, psychology and law is where the professionals apply scientific aspects of psychology
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Example of societal (macro) theories are Marxist Conflict theory, Robert Strain Theory and feminist theory. All this 3 theories focuses on society as a main reason that causes the crime to happen. They insists on pressure that is being put on an individual by society in order to achieve socially accepted goals. Societal theories gives important to economic pressure, social class pressure, and feminism. On the other hand, although community theories focused on society, it focuses more towards the impact of migrations to another country or state and difference in opportunity in a new place. Basically, this theory insists on when a member of a community or society change their place of living to another community, the challenge that they probably face there will lead to act of crime. For example, inability to get an adequate job, could lead a person to stress and eventually lead him to commit crime for a living like stealing food from shop. Third, group influence theories consists of sub cultural delinquency theories and differential association theory. Sub cultural delinquency theory focus on the influence of low-social class community on an adolescence to commit crime. The impatience from being an adolescent wanting to be an adult cause them to turn to delinquency because they did not really understand meaning of an adult. For differential association theory, focuses more on interaction with others cause an individual to learn values, attitudes, techniques and motives for criminal behaviour. The influence of high status people also can cause a person to turn to crime. Basically, group influence theory focus on the group of people a person interacts with, live with that can be a main cause for a person to commit crime. Fourth, individual theory consists of Han Eysenck biosocial theory, biological theories
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