Quantitative research is a method to quantify data with a combination of deductive logic and empirical observations to define and identify what factors or variables in the population that influence an outcome. The data is collected by using structured data collection instruments such as content analysis, discourse analysis, questionnaires and surveys to produce a narrow-angle lens which is able to eliminate biasness. Quantitative research is an important research approach to test the hypotheses and statistical analysis is developed to support the hypotheses. (Park, 2012) It is often designs in closed-ended questions to gather and interpret the data from a large sample which will be the representative of the whole population. Qualitative research
That is to say, the questionnaire that was effectively utilized consists of both open and closed-ended feedbacks. Owing to the quantitative and qualitative nature of the data that was garnered, both techniques were relied upon in the analysis as postulated by Saunders, Lewis and Thornhill (2007). This strategy is opted for principally in the natural sciences and heavily reliant on information that can quantitatively be accounted for. Babbie (2010) opined that surveys, questionnaires, tests of personality, and standardized research instruments are undoubtedly hypothetical scenarios of apparatuses effectively utilized within the quantitative approach perspective. Conversely, Crotty (1998) posited that qualitative approach to research accentuates on systematic protocols and methods, where subjective parameters of the researcher are crafted into the fact findings and its concluding part.
Firstly, both quantitative and qualitative methods involve the use of observations to address research questions (Onwuegbuzie & Leech 2005; Krauss, 2005). Both methodologies desctibe their data, construct explanatory arguments from their data and speculate about their outcomes. Secondly according to McGregor and Murnane (2010), most researchers incorporate safeguards into their research in order to minimize confirmation bias and other sources of invalidity that have the potential to prevail in every research study. This is prevalent in both research methodologies. Additionally, both quantitative and qualitative researchers use techniques to verify their data.
It examines phenomenon through the numerical representation of observations and statistical analysis. Quantitative research could also be about asking people for their opinions in a structured way in other to have hard facts and statistics to guide 3. RESEARCH PROCESS Research: is a method of describing, exploring, relating or establishing the fact of an existing concept, factors affecting the phenomena and the relationship among them. Process: collection of the activities carried out in the research is referred to as the process. Research process is an orderly and systematic process that requires more art than science through thought and patience.
I expected to gain an appreciation for nursing research and ways research can be implicated into nursing practice. Throughout the semester I was able to participate in some of the research that was done by the Honor students and was told the results and findings were to be discussed at Eta Beta Day. 2. The most important thing I learned about nursing research at
The data collection and analysis will be guided primarily by a grounded theory from an inductive perspective. Therefore, the research findings is dependent on the collection, examination and process of all data. The research question has its descriptive nature. According to Lincoln and Guba(1985), qualitative research and quantitative research should be judged by different criteria. The trustworthiness of quantitative researches comprises of reliability, objectivity and internal and external validity while qualitative
Explain the problem of “paradigmatic incommensurability” in the philosophy of science and demonstrate, using at least 3 examples, how to attain commensurability in a scientific research project. INTRODUCTION Learning about research within a social science context is treated with more rigor that than of commercial research since there is the foundation lies on a philosophical role. The two main paradigms that used namely that of positivism and interpretivism (seen in some readings as constructivism) outline the two perspectives that researchers use as models to guide the interpretation of research projects. This essay treats with the issue of paradigmatic commensurability which outlines the use of the paradigm approach to research and guides
Both of these skills will help me to be a better physician. Description: Prior to shadowing a physician at a community health clinic, I had the chance to observe one of the clinic’s physician’s assistants for a day. Victoria, the PA, met with both existing and new patients, which helped expose me to different aspects of her practice. Her appointments included assessing a chronic thyroid condition, following up on previous treatments, and a full physical. I also had the chance to attend the clinic’s monthly staff meeting where a representative from the health department gave a presentation on a smoking cessation program.
Remaining all other factors being same with respect to both the conditions, the increase in the preference in the choice of dietary alternative is attributed to nudge in the form of inflated ‘likes’. The sale of healthy dietary soft drink and its normal variant are the dependent variables and the effect of independent variables (Control Condition or Test Condition) on the dependent variables is studied. The experiment has the construct validly because it tries to measure the sales of healthy dietary softdrink and its normal alternative to make claims about the effectiveness of the nudging intervention. Since, we study the effect of social influence induced by inflated ‘likes’ on the preferences of the customer, the results can be applied to situations outside the context of experiment. Thus, the experiment has external
In quantitative research, variables are identified and defined, and then relevant data is collected from study participants. A strength of this type of research is that the data is in numeric form, making it easier to interpret. It also studies the relationship between independent and dependent variables and can address questions such as does a relationship between variables exist, what is the direction of the relationship, how strong is the relationship between the variables, and what is the nature of the relationship. To be able to discover and answer the cause-and-effect relationship is a strength of quantitative research. Lastly, in quantitative research, the study can either be experimental or nonexperimental, meaning clinical trial or observational study, allowing for different types of research studies to be conducted.