Social Stratification Of Karl Marx's Theory Of Social Class

1837 Words8 Pages
Isabella Piccini
Carlos Lopez
SOC 204

1) There are a few different types of social mobility. Intragenerational mobility is how a person moves up or down the social ladder during their lifetime. Intergenerational mobility is the movement in social position across generations. For example, your position and occupation compared to your parents, and your parents general position compared to your grandparents. Absolute mobility is when you move up or down in absolute terms; Making progress in your own life, while relative mobility is how you move up or down in social position compared to the rest of society. In my own family, social mobility is going up. My mother when she was a child lived in poverty, whereas now she makes 100,000 a year.
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A relational set of inequalities with economic, social, political, and ideological dimensions. Karl Marx’s theory of social class has two classes all together. Labour and Capital. He’s idea of society takes a conflict approach. He believed that the economy is the most powerful social institution in the society and can create social stratification. Labour includes anyone that earns their money by selling their labor and getting paid by the time they put in. While capital includes anyone who gets their income from a surplus value. They relate to each other because they are both a general form of wealth. Weber believed that class divisions occurred from lack of control of production, but also from economic differences that have nothing to do with property. He says that the best chance an individual has at making money is to be born with money and states that people from a humble background have less of a chance to make money in the first place. Social stratification contribute to a functioning society by allowing other in higher positions to continue providing for society, and lower class people give jobs that have professional occupations. Melvin Tumin say that this argument does not take into account that there are a lot of institutional discrimination and that many of the lower class aim towards moving up the social ladder, but are often blocked…show more content…
Vendors on Sixth Avenue and their struggles in the economy. Many things could have lead them to this path. Sometimes a loss of someone important, loss of income, or loss of oneself to drugs and other addictions. Sometimes, this leads people to a life of crime or other bad allies. When you have nowhere to sleep at night, no where to call home, you are not really sure what to do. It is a Subculture. A culture derived from another culture. It has either ethnic, regional, economic, or social groups showing certain behaviors that distinguish them from others, but not enough to exclude it from the embracing culture or society. These vendors have tight connections with each other and they learn from one another. Anomie theory is a social condition in which there is a disappearance of values and norms that used to be common to a particular society. In this case, it is now normal to sell books on the street. It is sort of expected. Anomie can help explain many forms of deviance. The theory is also sociological in its emphasis on the role of social forces in creating deviance. On the negative side, anomie theory has been criticized for being too general. Differential association can help make up for this. It is a theory that is based upon the idea that criminals commit crimes based upon their association with other people. Criminal behavior is
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