We then examine Edward Sutherland’s theory to begin to understand that, what we have learned from behaviors are taught. The differential association theory has become the most talked about learning theory of deviance. The theory focuses on how individuals can learn to become criminals. The theory does not have concern for why individuals become criminals. Criminology is the knowledge regarding crime and delinquency as a social issue.
This process has nine components (Cullen, 2014). The first is criminal behavior is learned not inherited. Second, the Criminal behavior is learned in interaction with other persons in a process of communication. Third, the principal part of the learning of criminal behavior occurs within intimate personal groups. Fourth, When criminal behavior is learned, the learning includes (a) techniques of committing the crime, which is sometimes very complicated, sometimes simple; (b) the specific direction of motives, drives, rationalizations, and attitudes.
In criminology, differential association is a theory developed by Edwin Sutherland proposing that through interaction with others, individuals learn the values, attitudes, techniques, and motives for criminal behavior. The differential association theory is the most talked about of the learning theories of deviance. (DAT). Theories of criminality are derived from distinct images of human behavior. I chose the movie American history X and the theory is Sutherland’s differential Association theory (DAT).
In the criminology world there are many theories ranging from micro-level to macro-level to explain juvenile delinquency. Sutherland’s differential association theory is the theory I believe explains juvenile delinquency. The reason I believe differential association theory explains juvenile delinquency is because a huge proportion of delinquency happens with friends (Bates & Swan, 2018).Differential association theory is when someone learn behaviors and norms from people within a group they have contact with (Bates &Swan, 2018). Differential association theory explains cross social dimensions, such as class, gender, and race from a sociological aspect (Bates & Swan, 2018). Sutherland also made nine propositions that explains his theory.
Sociology of Law and Order Introduction The act of examining why people commit crime is very vital because it assists in knowing how crime is handled. Because of this, many theories have come up that try to explain why crime occurs and the possible remedies to the causes. When crime is committed, every society would have its own way of framing laws that can be used to punish lawbreakers. Thus, the kind of punishment given to a criminal depends on the society one is living in. what becomes obvious is that no matter what punishment the society gives, the decision is affected by theories of punishment.
Drug dealers possess a lot of money and drugs, such as the Training Day movie, in which money and drugs influence Harris, so he acts criminalized. Lastly, the criminal justice process or the legal consequences that the criminals face are right but not necessarily fair because occasionally the process supports corruption. In other words, the criminals and drugs dealers in the movie do not face the right legal consequences because the criminal justice process including the judges is corrupt. His life experiences with drug dealers, the drugs, and crime in the streets and the corrupt legal system contribute to Harris’
Strain and Deviance: an empirical test of General Strain Theory of in a Philippine Public University LITERATURE REVIEW Theoretical Background During the past decades, various criminologists developed different theories in an attempt to explain the causes of crime within the society. In return they were successful, as of today it was adopted or accepted, indeed all of theories explain the root causes of crime. One of these theories is anomie or strain theory which originally argues that the lower class frustration to higher class causes crime (Merton, 1938) in attempt to explain why majority of the people who commits crime are lower class. In 1985 Robert Agnew a sociologist come to an interest of studying the theory and finds a potential for the theory in explaining several causes of crime in society, but due to its limitation he developed and reformulated the theory to widen its dimension or scope. After revising the theory he come up into General strain theory of crime and builds its foundation in 1992.
Founded by Karl Marx, conflict theory conjectures that social order is sustained through wealth and power and constant class conflict (subduing the poor by keeping them away from the limited resources). The resulting conflict and inequalities between the classes result in crime, according to Marx. Social conflict theorists use the criminal justice system to support their argument. The elite class passes laws to benefit themselves (and they are also judged differently, more leniently). OJ Simpson was able to get off for the murder of Nicole Brown (the court said “he didn’t do it,” but he was able to get off because of his wealth and famous lawyers).
When these kids fall into a life of crime and violence they know the risk and the punishments. The states and psychiatrist want to be able to rehabilitate these kids. “Sadly, many states have ignored the crisis and dysfunction that creates child delinquency and instead have subjected kids to further victimization and abuse in the adult criminal justice system.” This is what the court system wants and this is what I agree
According to Investopedia, The black market is a deep web of real world and virtual markets where illegal goods and even people are sold for either higher or lower prices than anywhere else. On the black market, ivory is used like money. As I said earlier, to try and lessen circulating ivory and smuggled ivory. This action has only pushed the black market sales of ivory farther and made it more demandable. To help counteract the illegal ivory trade world governments are hiring officers and hackers to help get rid of both real world and virtual sales and hunt down buyers and sellers.
However, in Sutherland’s differential association theory he states that criminal behavior is learned from your intimate groups and the definitions of committing crime outweigh the unfavorable definitions (Scarpitti 2009). Since these offenders vary from investors to corrupt public officials they must have learned this behavior from someone they trusted and respected. Someone eventually told them it was “ok” to act this way and once they got enough of these definitions favorable to this crime they started committing it themselves. For example, a new police officer joins the force and the officer training him is doing some “under the table” dealings while out I the field. The new police officer talks to other members in the department and they reinforce these definitions favorable to this criminal behavior.
In order for Gatsby to achieve material wealth, he finds himself overwrought with unauthorized money. Gatsby displays examples of moral corruption through his procurement of wealth. Gatsby’s business is not strong; he admits to Nick that he is “in the drug store business” (95). During the prohibition era, which synchronizes with the “Roaring 20s”, the drug store business was also known as bootlegging. Bootlegging was a profitable business and was usually linked to gangsters, much like Meyer Wolfsheim, Gatsby’s business partner.
This quote talks about the number one way court systems chose to handle delinquents, which one can use to describe the juvenile court system and its punishments. One can also correlate this quote with the other one above, which talks about how juvenile systems work primarily with the idea of family. This quote enables one to prove that jail time only makes a child more likely to turn to criminal activities. Thus, allowing for one to prove a rebuttal wrong in saying prison teaches a child a lesson, which needs to learned and corrected. When in reality, adult prisons teach a child how to commit more crimes by turning their backs against the court systems.