The food then travels into the oesophagus. Your oesophagus is located near your trachea (windpipe). The epiglottis separates the nasal cavity and the lower airway from the passage of food whilst swallowing. The contractions of the muscles in your oesophagus push the food down your oesophagus and into your stomach. Your stomach is a hollow organ that holds food whilst it is being broken down by the enzymes.
The musculo skeletal is made of bones, muscles, ligaments and tendons. The purpose of the musculo skeletal system is to protect , support and the overall function of the internal structures and organs of the body. Allow movement, give shape to the body, producing blood cells, storing calcium and phosphorus and producing heat. The skeletal system is made of bones and joints. The skeletal system provides the basic supporting structure of the body.
For instance, the skeletal system protects and supports the weight of the body’s organs, serves as storage for calcium and phosphorous, and contains critical components for the production of blood. The muscular system keeps bones in place and plays a role in the movement of the body. In addition to bones and muscles, the musculoskeletal system also has joints, which has tendons and ligaments within and allows the body to move, and cartilage, which prevents the bone ends from rubbing directly on each other. All of these components together make up the musculoskeletal system.
The adult human skeletal system consists of 206 bones, as well as a network of tendons, ligaments and cartilage that connects them. The skeletal system performs vital functions; support, movement, protection, blood cell production, calcium storage and endocrine regulation that enable us to survive. Below are more details on the exact role the skeletal system has on; protection, shape, support, movement and blood production:
P4 – Describe the three structures of the skeletal muscle (Epimysium, Perimysium and Endomysium) There are three structures of the skeletal muscle: Epimysium is a thick layer of irregular connective tissue that pulls the entire muscle as well as protecting the muscle from friction that may be caused by other muscles and bones surrounding them. Also, it is the fibrous tissue which covers and surrounds skeletal muscles. The Epimysium carries on past the end of bones in order to create muscle tendons. Perimysium surrounds a bundle of muscle fibres, it is a casing of connective tissue. Endomysium is found within a muscle and it contains nerves and capillaries.
Synthesize how might the digestive system and the circulatory system work together? Digested molecules of food, as well as water and minerals from the diet, are absorbed from the cavity of the upper small intestine. Most absorbed materials cross the mucosa into the blood and are carried off in the bloodstream to other parts of the body for storage or further chemical change. As already noted, this part of the process varies with different types of nutrients. 5.
Epiglottis: it is an elastic cartilage covered with a mucus membrane located at the entrance of larynx. Epiglottis has a very important function where it closes the trachea during eating so the food is not accidently inhaled. 4- Larynx: Larynx plays a dual function, first one is an air canal that connects laryngopharynx to the trachea, and secondly larynx is the source of sound where while talking the air pass through the vocal cords and the sound is
Cartoon Character Skeletal System Project Essay! The human skeletal system consists of 206 bones and associative tissue such as joints, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons. Each bone is a complex living organ that is made up of cells, minerals, and protein fibers. When joined together, the skeletal system provides the base framework, giving shape to the unique human body and provides support and protection for the soft tissues that make up the rest of the body. The skeletal system also provides attachments points for muscles enabling movements at the joints.
The signs and symptoms of COPD include shortness of breath, chronic cough, fatigue and having bluish lips and nail beds (American Lung Association, 2014). The second vital human body system is cardiovascular system (CVS). CVS plays an integral role in enhancing and facilitating the proper function of heart in order to allow the body to function as a whole. CVS comprises of two components namely heart and blood vessels. Heart is a four-chambered muscular pumping organ that divides into atriums and ventricles that are separated by valves to prevent backflow of blood among the compartments (Smeltzer, Bare, Hinkle, & Cheever, 2010).
Skin word arrives from Latin word cutis. It is the peripheral covering of vertebrates and the largest organ of the body with almost 20 square feet area. Skin is mainly comprise of epithelial, mesenchymal, glandular and neurovascular components. It protects us from microbes as first line of defense, helps to maintain homeostasis and allows the sensation of touch, heat and cold. 1.2.
Lysosomes digest the toxins so they can be safely eliminated by the cell. Peroxisomes contain oxidases and catalases that detoxify substances like alcohol and neutralize free radicals. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum (ER) also contains enzymes that detoxify certain drugs (such as alcohol). 3. Mrs. Fender’s jaundice is caused by the accumulation of bilirubin in her blood and tissues.
In humans, the urinary system acts as a system to filter out waste products and remove them from the body. Its major organs are the urinary bladder, urethra, ureters, and kidneys. For Naeff, the urinary system works slightly different due to not only the limited water supply, but also the insoluble salts found in those water supplies. The first difference that is noticeable is the size of the kidneys. The kidneys have numerous functions; they filter blood plasma, excrete toxic wastes, regulate blood volume and pressure, detoxifying free radicals, and the list goes on (Saladin 890).
In conclusion, there are the four main types of bone cells. They include the osteoblast, osteoclast, osteocyte, and osteoprogenitor bone cells. These cells make up bone tissue, which forms bones, which make up the bones of the human skeletal system. These cells all have different shapes and structures, but also different functions. These bone cells are very helpful and important, but can go wrong when they age and become more used and