The concept of green economy rests on the economy, the environment and the social pillars of sustainable development. According to the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) “A green economy is one that results in improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities. In its simplest expression, a green economy can be thought of as one, which is low carbon, resource efficient and socially inclusive. ”This states that green economies are not based on demand for sacrifice, but on the idea of qualitative growth, where low-carbon and environment friendly technologies are utilized as well as international cooperation plays a key
Brief Background and Aims of the Thesis The term “Green New Deal” has been used by a number of policy documents created in response the global financial crisis and economic recession since 2007/2008. This title openly draws upon Franklin Roosevelt's "New Deal,” put in place to fight against the economic and social effects of the Great Depression of the 1930s in the United States. However, as the name also indicates, the intention of the modern Green New Deals is to respond not only to the social and economic troubles ignited by the global financial crisis but also increasingly evident contemporary environmental, resource, food, and energy-related problems. The idea of a Green New Deal was first advanced in Great Britain in 2008, by the Green
These green spaces literally cover both public and private open spaces in a city mostly covered by vegetation (URGE Team, 2004). According to ecologists, economists, social scientists and urban planners, urban green space includes public and private open spaces in urban areas that are primarily covered by vegetation (Mazza, 2010). Recent studies refer to this concept as Green urbanism, defined as a practice of creating communities beneficial to human and the environment (Isaac, 2013). Green urbanism is an attempt to shape more sustainable places, communities and life styles in order to create cities that have functional ecological systems (Troy et al.,
Since it is difficult to conceive of Western-style economic consumption goals being realized on a planetary scale without massive resource depletion and pollution, this view necessarily entails issues of distributional equity. Distribution in this context refers not only to distribution of income and consumption levels, but also to the distribution of environmental burdens such as polluted air and water or toxic waste. Neoclassical Environmental Economics Environmental economics focuses on: (1) The problem of environmental externalities; Reprinted with permission from Island Press. © 2001 2 (2) The efficient management and intergenerational allocation of natural resources. Neoclassical economists take their inspiration from Newtonian mechanics, generally believing that economics can be value-neutral, objective, and scientific.
2.1.2 CONCEPT OF ECONOMIC GROWTH There are different meanings among scholars, about the concept of economic growth. For example, while Herrick and Kindleberger (1983) put it that economic growth involves employment of factors of production in order to produce a higher level of outputs that can improve the quality and standard of living of the people. Economic growth does not only come from expansion or physical factors but due to improvement in both human and physical as well as volume trade (Ranis et al (2000) and Jhingan (1985) cited in Gafar et al (2011)). Ranis et al (2000) in particular, posits that economic growth is a two way relationship. First economic growth induces development of human resources where with increased economic activities
al. 2003, ASPO 2008, Meng and Bentley 2008, cited in Day et al, 2009:322).In the economic sustainable development, the process of economic development and technological progress must meet the needs of the society of all sorts of natural resources.Economic sustainable development of resource use, can use the rich resources and the matters which do not belong to the category of resources to replace the shortage of the resources which limit the economic development.In social culture sustainable development, it mainly be carried out in cities and urbanized regions which have the highest level of water, soil and air pollution. Urban policies are very essential in that
Sustainable development has shifted into a high placed topic on the international agenda during the last few decades. The concept represents the intersection of a need to preserve the nature, on one hand, and the necessity to satisfy in the same time the need for development, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Roots of the sustainable development can be found in the environmental concerns from the immediate years after the World War II, even there were no express mentions of the concept at that time (Schrijver, 2008). More realistic is to observe that the concept came into the light in the context provided by the evolution of the international environmental law, its transition from a pattern based
Against the conditions of current climate and environmental concerns that are the importance of unsustainable economic activities, green technology emerges as a winning proposition. Green technology has strong potentials to stimulate economic growth while mitigating environmental degradation (Ibrahim, 2013). It changes people’s lifestyle, improves people’s standard of living and modernized a community (Zainul Abidin, 2009). However, over the past 50 years, the activities of human being have had a tremendous impact and exert pressure on the environment. For instance, Dimson (1998) in Gandu (2005) observed that human habitats (buildings) contribute to environmental crises through resources depletion, energy consumption, air pollution and creation
Such as transporting, agriculture, IT, medicine etc.we have great machine and equipments to accomplish our tasks, great device with royal look. Features make our life more impressive and smooth. The main of green technology is to reduce the energy efficiency during the goods lifetime and encourage the recyclability and bio-grad capacity of goods and portion waste. The green computing technology can have the following benefits- 1. Buy energy star peripherals: Using ENERGY STAR goods help in energy conservation.
The use of green building principles as a tool throughout the project can also facilitate innovation, resulting in potential cost savings and added value by producing better buildings and better conditions for building users. The followings are the headlines of green building benefits: A- Green buildings are designed to save energy and resources, recycle materials and minimize the emission of toxic substances throughout its life cycle. B- Green buildings harmonize with the local climate, traditions, culture and the surrounding environment. C- Green buildings are able to sustain and improve the quality of human life whilst maintaining the capacity of the ecosystem at local and global levels. D- Green buildings make efficient use of resources; have significant operational savings and increases workplace productivity.