There are many different learning theories and many different theorists with beliefs on how we learn. Behaviourism and cognitive theories are just two of the many learning processes and both can be successfully used within the learning process. They both offer reinforcements to obtain required behaviours. Cognitive theory emphases observations that can be used to understand what and how people learn and how they take control of their own behaviour. (Ormrod, 2008) Behaviourism
Barry McLaughlin’s article "Myths and Misconceptions About Second Language Learning: What Every Teacher Needs to Unlearn" presents the misconceptions people often have when it comes to children’s second language acqusition (SLA). Many people hold the concept “the younger you are, the faster you are able to acquire a language;” however, this is a misleading widespreaded concept that is often applied when acquiring a second language. Therefore, this article not only aims to overthrow these misconceptions but also provides some implications teachers should keep in mind when teaching children their second language. Other than the author’s own findings, I would like to enhance his statements through my own personal language teaching experience. McLaughlin’s article argues with the concept that age and environment are important to acquiring a second language, and
King has provided his opinion about education is building character. Dr. King uses his words to create an audience awareness to think for yourself isn’t the same as you may call it critical thinking. Against the common assumption that colleges should teach their students “critical reasoning,” Dr. King argues that critical thinking alone is insufficient and even dangerous. Teaching one to think critically is no small task. Most students learn by constructing knowledge based on an engaged learning process rather than by absorbing knowledge from passive sources.
Education Education is such a vital system …but is it really stifling creativity?. Many people think that education is very important for getting the informations and getting the concepts of the subjects. For a long time, Education make the students as a test-taking machines. It removes the connections between the mind and feeling . it neglects the imagination .
This means that the language of the child should be used by the teacher through sharing, get meaning and clarify and vocabulary the guide the leaner to the use of the Standard English. Taylor, (1985) cites that traditional classroom methodologies employed in education have failed because they have been prescriptive and corrective and have focused too much on language structure rather than on communicative competence. This is a typical example of the society tends to lean towards
This was an opportunity to commercial developers, who often missed to establish their programs on solid pedagogical principles.Moreover, the cost devoted to developing these programs can put them out of the market of most teaching programs. A more rudimentary problem that lies beyond these difficulties are that today’s computer programs are not sufficiently smart to interact naturally with learners. A program similar to Dustin is able to ideally interpret a user’s spoken input and judge it not just for accurateness but also for appropriateness. It should be capable of examining learners’ problems with pronunciation, syntax, or usage and then cleverly induce among an array of possibilities (e.g. repeating, paraphrasing, slowing down, correcting, or leading the learner to background
Rigoni describes different concepts that affect our modern education system. The current educational system is based on standards, accountability and capitalism that disregards the experiences of students and the quality of teaching outcomes. Teachers are increasingly giving students a list of facts and skills that do not promote practical know how. In this respect, less attention is paid to the outcome of education. Author Rigoni provides an alternative approach to teaching using the Shaman metaphor.
Empowering Learner Agency: Bridging Theory to Practice “Teaching, however purposeful, cannot automatically lead to learning for the simple reason that learning is primarily a personal construct controlled by individual learner” (Kumaravadivelu, 2003b, p.44). Introduction For many people, second language teaching is a passionate vocation. Although it was extensively researched in the literature of second language studies, there is a great body of research intended to re-examine critical issues as to what is an L2, how is it taught and learned, and who are the persons who learn and teach it. Seeking an understanding to these inquiries, there was a significant shift from teacher-centered to student-centered teaching and learning
educational institutions and universities as well, by using it as a powerful tool for teaching subjects which was introducedby Britishersfrom the very beginning, as a part of modernization. Classes are meant for clashes of the various minds, where students having different strengths and cognitive thinking come together. Here the mode of instruction, methods and techniques have very significant role in making teaching effective.Related work by psychologist Howard Gardner (1983) on multiple intelligences has been influential in language teaching circles. Teachers who recognize the multiple intelligences of the students acknowledge that students bring with them specific and unique strengths, which are often not taken into account in classroom
People usually take in consideration the advantages without the disadvantages, and that is mistaken. Despite the pros that online education has, it also has cons. Even though online education could be useful, but it sometimes has bad consequences like confusion in learning and educating, less instructional support, and social isolation. First of all, it is known that educators and students spend most of their time in classrooms with all the normal equipment, in which students learn from the explanation of their instructor, and them fulfilling their curiosity by asking questions and getting the answers in return. Nowadays, with the constant growth of online education, it is almost impossible to get this advantage.