Social responsibility would be implemented in the form of involving themselves within communities, diminish its ecological “imprint”, and following guidelines. These are important factors for the community due to the long run effects that it has for ethical communities. Small bookstore chains participate with their customers being able to engage their business in a social environment and the staff love the environment in which they work. It is important, furthermore, for the environment generating the data to include price variation that is not itself determined by factors related to the determinant of quantities sold (Reimers, & Waldfogel, 2017). Overall, the staff is able to deliver enhanced customer service.
In this model, it is not the person with the disability that is looked upon as a problem, but it is the way society views disability. There is also a clear split between impairment and disability, impairment describes the person’s illness or loss of function, whereas the disability is the discrimination caused by the impairment. The social model says that society that should change and adapt, rather than it being left to the person with the impairment. The social model attempts to remove the barriers and prejudice which prevent disabled people living and working independently. It offers alternatives, for example wheelchair access at cinemas, buses having wheelchair access instead of having to have special transport.
Fair Trade It is an alternative approach to conventional trade and is based on a partnership between producers and consumers. Fair Trade offers small producers a better deal and is working to improve the terms of trade. This allows them the chance to improve their lives and plan for their future. Fair Trade for consumers and provide a means opportunity to contribute to poverty reduction through every day shopping. It is a social movement that has been adopted by several international organizations, religious and international, such as Amnesty International and the World Trade Organization, and aims movement to promote equality between dealers trade in the international community and to achieve sustainable development of poor and developing countries in the southern regions of the world communities, through the abolition of business brokerage firms dealing directly with professionals and exporters and give them higher wages, and thus consumer in advanced industrial societies can choose those committed to the principles of the movement of products, and support at the same time industries from poor countries, leading to the achievement of sustainable development in these communities, and the movement has succeeded in supporting a number large enterprises and industries in the agricultural and pastoral poor communities in the coffee, rice, spices, fresh fruits and nuts trade, in addition to small crafts, and adopted a global companies such as Body shop and Starbucks coffee
Currently, around the world, corporations are being appealed to embrace their social obligations not only because it is the right thing towards shareholders, customers, employees, society and environment, but also because it strengthens their brands (Zaman, 2014). According to Li et al. (2013), brand image has been acknowledged as one of the most important concepts in marketing and it referred to the characteristic feature of a brand that reflected as brand associations held in public memory. In addition, several empirical findings have confirmed that a favorable brand image elevates the brand trust, brand equity and also the likelihood that consumers will purchase the brand. Furthermore, Fan (2005) states that consumers’ purchasing decisions is not only influenced by the perception of product, service quality or price, but also based on how ethical the company has fulfilled responsibility in producing its products or services.
Social Benefits: Tourism uplifts the true identity of a place or a country by showcasing distinct characteristics of their ways of life, arts, history and culture and also by preservation the customs and tradition which may be at risk. Environmental benefits: Tourism provides financial support for the conservation of ecosystems and natural resource management, making the destination more authentic and desirable to tourist and also it adds more value to the local tourism. Economic Benefits: Tourism provides job opportunity to the community, such as tour guide or hotel housekeeping, travel agent, etc. Indirect Employment is generated through other industries such as agriculture, food production and retail. Tourism also helps in alleviation of poverty in mostly developing countries where tourism is the main source of income.
Sustainable tourism considers equally economical, social and environmental aspects of tourism destinations. By respecting all three, it provides long run development with respect of caring capacity. Eco-certification, on the other hand, influences both supply and demand side of tourism market, and increases consumer’s confidence. Key words: sustainability, tourism, and certification Sustainable tourism is tourism, which concerns total economic, social and environmental impact, by caring for the needs of tourists, economy, environment and local communities. (Making Tourism More Sustainable, UNWTO&UNEP, 2011).
ummarization and Critical Review about [Local Perception of Tourism Development: A Conceptual Framework for the Sustainable Cultural Tourism] Seung Yeoun Kim(Martín) The scientific paper [Local perception of Tourism Development : A conceptual Framework for the sustainable culture tourism] discusses the importance of local perception of tourism development to achieve sustainable culture and tourism. First, It talks about the definition of sustainable tourism, the definition of cultural tourism, and the principles of sustainable culture and tourism. And emphasizes the increasing importance of stakeholders and community in heritage management and planning in accordance with their definitions and principles. It also asserts that it is necessary
Rather significant improvement should occur due to the efforts such as the creation of a new conception of the state tourism policy for the period 2014-2020, which was prepared in conjunction with the marketing concept of tourism for the period 2013-2020 by the Czech Tourism Agency. The new policy is, with regard to the application of a wide range of innovative approaches to the promotion of tourism, a promise for the future, which will be associated with the use of funds to promote tourism in the next programming period of the European Union. Among other activities, it is possible to mention the continued work of the Czech system of service quality as an instrument for the operators in the tourism industry to improve its services and the implementation of several printed statistical aggregations of tourism. Especially the census of the accommodation establishments has brought very interesting results. It is possible to successfully evaluate the continuation of the National Tourism Support Programme by means of which specific projects in the field of social tourism have been supported (Ministry of Regional Development of the Czech Republic
Meanwhile the WEF (World Economic Forum) definition of competitiveness focuses on the concept of productivity, this definition takes into consideration the benefits to people living in a region. Annoni and Dijkstra define regional competitiveness as ”the ability to offer an attractive and sustainable environment for firms and residents to live and work” (Annoni - Dijkstra, 2013, p. 3). Fehérvölgyi - Birkner - Péter (2012) stress that development of economy, commerce, and tourism, as well as environmental protection are the most important success factors of cross-border regional
FACTORS LIMITING SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN TOURIST ATTRACTIONS This section outlines some of the key points regarding limitation to tourism development in tourism attractions. The literature discusses the willingness of tourists to visit the cultural heritage sites as factor affecting sustainable tourist attractions. According to Abuamoud, (2014) a logistic regression model was employed in the analyse factors that affected tourism at cultural heritage sites in Northern Badia. The study found that education, variety of sites, multiple destinations, cost, and reasons for the visit had a significant impact on tourists' willingness to travel. Therefore improving cultural heritage sites and working closely with local communities to expand training and funding was highly recommended.