Having appeared in 1700s, distance education is the type of education which has continued until today by changing and developing on the basis of technological development. Distance education is the type of education in which information and communication technologies are used pre-eminently, which provides materials as well as learning means specific to the person, and in which the sources provided can be accessed independent of time and place is becoming interesting and popular all around the world. In several countries, distance education is preferred, particularly to provide convenience or flexibility to learners and to make it easy to access into educational services. In Turkey, the educational requirements of individuals are tried to be
A report published on distance education in the United States reveals that over 7 million students are following distance education courses (Allen and Seaman, 2014). However, distance education is accompanied by some challenges in addition to the benefits it provides to individuals. Particularly, the responsibility of students for their education is increased. In addition, the communication and feedback problems arise since there are too many students and the technical competency for taking the course is challenging as well (Bartolic-Zlomislic and Bates, 1999). Hence, it is necessary to ensure a high-class and efficient distance education, to design, develop and manage the distance education programs accordingly.
Within the context of shifting market conditions and rapid technological change, the workforce is becoming more and more geographically dispersed. The challenge to keep this workforce knowledgeable and educated is being met by distance education programs. These programs are being offered by more and more organizations over their computer network or intranet. It is important for training professionals to understand the use of these networks so they can optimize their use of educating workers via an intranet. The following review of literature will provide an understanding of distance learning, computer-based training and intranet-based training.
Distance education (DE) has evolved over centuries and its one distinctive characteristic was, and still is, the physical separation between the delivering institution and students (Heydenrych & Prinsloo, 2010; Moiler, 1998; Moore & Kearsely, 2012, p. 1). DE is first and foremost a movement that sought not so much to challenge or change the structure of higher learning, but to extend the traditional university and to overcome its inherent problems of scarcity and exclusivity (Dianne, 1999). Among reasons cited for introducing DE are: increasing access to learning and training as a matter of equity, providing opportunities for updating skills of the workforce, improving the cost effectiveness of educational resources, improving the quality of
E-learning involves Web-based learning, computer-based learning, virtual classroom opportunities and digital collaboration. In this new technology the Content and study material is delivered through internet, audio-visual aids It can be self-paced or instructor-led and includes media in the form of text, image, animation, streaming video and audio.” “e-Learning is Internet-enabled learning. Components can include content delivery in multiple formats, management of the learning experience, and a networked community of learners, content developers and experts. e-Learning provides faster learning at reduced costs, increased access to learning, and clear accountability for all participants in the learning process. In today 's fast-paced culture, organizations that implement e-Learning provide their work force with the ability to turn change into an advantage.” – Cisco Systems
Now there is a greater visible focus on providing distance learners with a variety of library services, including document delivery in portable document format, access to digital libraries, e-,ail reference services, virtual reference desks, and online literature searches of databases, etc. Several institutions are engaged I developing learning resource portals for different target groups of learners, with a view to provide area specific web-based information and services to learners, and save their time from browsing the unlimited information available on the Internet. We feel that there is a greater need to develop online resources support, and virtual search environment for the benefit of a fairly large cross section of learners and
Having a good education can open up a multiple of opportunities for one’s future. Education comes from a teacher or teachers. Teachers can be anyone who teaches the information one wants to learn more about. In my opinion, having an education is very important. Education is frequently taught by instructors; however, people can educate themselves.
There seems to be a new soothing sense of welcome towards online learning given the pressing need for flexibility in scheduling and the new advancement seen in it’s communication technologies and capabilities. Colleges and universities are trying to reduce budget by encouraging students to enroll into their preferred online education platform for example Beckers program, Kaplan program and so forth, showing that online study is more cost effective compared to traditional learning programs. The most important advantage to distance learning is the fact that one can pursue his or her preferred choice of education at any point of their lives , because there is no control about location, what is necessary is having the most convenient and a portable computer and a very good internet connection. You may even be lucky as to find an online school that specializes in your particular field. Either way, your options for education will be greatly expanded be it acquired online or in a classroom.
Introduction Before the advent of Digital age and Technical developments, Distance learning was in mode of correspondence courses in between 1890s- 1920s, and the early E-learning was done by broadcasting by radio or television. But now, the learning is happening in many modes, online or e-learning especially through MOOCs, distance education, and open learning opportunities. The online learning is in vogue nowadays, and it has become more and more practical oriented method in honing the language skills. Most of the traditional universities all over the world have come forth to share their courses online for free to the great extent. Naturally, it represents an easy and comfortable method to garner knowledge in almost every field, from law and to accounting, from mathematics to science, arts to humanities and management, even subjects such as economics, commerce, psychology, sociology and history.
It is imperative to prepare the instructional materials in advance of the learning activity when instruction is imparted in Distance education mode. Indeed the quality of the teaching and learning process in Distance Education is dependent on the quality of the Self-Instructional Study Material. Distance Education study materials replace the teacher in more than the subject matter alone (Jenkins, 1990). Therefore, the materials must be designed in such a way that they provide a substitute for the dialogue possible in the conventional classroom situation, and that it is not just a matter of possessing a good writing style.