Sometime, in a transform boundary, the plates get jammed and pressure builds underneath the plates. Depending on the amount of pressure it can cause a huge earthquake. Earthquakes not only shake the ground but can also create cracks in the ground called faults. A machine that measures the intensity of an earthquake is called a seismograph. Scientists use this machine to predict how strong an earthquake is and then classify it on the Richter Scale (Figure 2
Our natural resources are at risk every time fracking occurs. Fracking needs to be banned since it is hurting our health and that it drains our natural and limited resources required for us to sustain life. Water is an essential to living and it is a need. Without it we would be dead from the dehydration. Fracking in this case can contaminate it to where we cannot drink it and if we do it can lead to death or a trip to the hospital:
Settlers went into searching father to discover it was found below earth’s surface that requires more digging deep within the mountains, often most difficult gold extraction. This often requires explosives, underground drilling, or underground tunnel system. This was dangerous for the settlers due to the fact underground tunnels are unpredictable with their high temperatures and collapsibility. The last method was hydraulic mining, this was used when gold discoveries began to subside, settlers needed to search for gold they dug even deeper. This required new technology, however this technology caused more destruction than good to California’s
This is where they put a steel pipe into the ground at around 10,000 feet and turn it 90 degrees so that it is horizontal. Then they send an explosive missile that erupts along the horizontal part to puncture holes through the pipe. They later put a fluid that contains water, sand and other chemicals through the pipe which later goes through the pores of the pipe into the rock. It breaks the rock down and creates cracks leading to the natural gas leaking out through the pipe. There is an average of 5 - 8 million gallon of water used for one Fracking.
One example being, fracking, which is the process of injecting liquid at high pressure into subterranean rocks, boreholes, etc., so as to force open existing fissures and extract oil or gas. When contractors frack they create manmade Earthquakes. At 5:12 AM on April 18, 1906, the Great 1906 San Francisco Earthquake occurred. The rupture was about two hundred and ninety six miles.
These tectonic plates are everywhere, under everything from the biggest mountain to the smallest hill. Though it is infrequent, volcanoes have been known to cause tsunamis. It happens when to volcano begins to erupt, but instead of coming out from the top of the volcano a lateral blast shoots out from the side. Next, a quickly moving avalanche of lava pours into the water near it causing the wave to travel to distant coastlines (Springer, 2005).
Pollution caused by crude oil and its petrochemical based products disrupt and alter the ecosystem balance. Incomplete combustion of crude oil leads to the production of greenhouse gases which causes acid rain and also accelerates climate change which is already having negative effect on the environment. Crude oil pollution poses a huge risk to the ecosystem if not properly managed because it enters the food web through the plant which is later transferred from one food chain to the other food chain (Sathishkumar et al. 2008). The strong persistence nature of crude oil and its total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) derivatives in air, water and land has attracted much attention from government and environmental stakeholder because accumulation of this pollution in plants and animal tissues leads to toxic, carcinogenic and mutagenic effects which invariably leads to death (Abd-Elsalam et al. 2009; Liu et al. 2010; Das and Chandran,
It is a material used in tiles, countertops and indoor flooring. The industry’s disposal of the marble powder material, consisting of very fine powder, today constitutes one of the environmental problems around the world (Corinaldesi et al., 2010). Extraction of marble from mine and its processing leads to generation of waste. Mining of marbel is done by blasting results in a loss of 50 % of material in the quarry,while the other is lost during processing and polishing procedures. While marble blocks are cut by gang saws and by vertile water is used as a coolant.
A form of pollution where there is a sudden release of liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment is called an oil spill. Mostly, oil spills are due to releases of crude oil from tankers, offshore platforms, as well as drilling rigs. Moreover, oil spills could result in devastating consequences economically, environmentally, and socially. As a result, oil spills brings forth political uproar, concerns of government responses, and ideas to clean and prevent oil spills (Broekema). Environmentally speaking, oil spills are extremely harmful to the environment.
Why is fracking dangerous? During the fracking process natural gases are realized into the well where they are drilling often contaminating the nearby groundwater with methane gases and chemical toxins. After the fracking process the waste fluid is evaporated releasing volatile organic compounds causes acid rain, contaminated air, and ozone at
The cause of all this is the unregulated pumping of groundwater out of aquifers by California 's farmers in the Central Valley. As water is drawn out of these reservoirs, their structural integrity fails and they consequently collapse, causing the land above to sink. Once the aquifers collapse, their maximum capacity is reduced, so they cannot be fully refilled during wet periods. Less water will be stored and pumped, which is a major concern for drought years in the future.
Hydraulic Fracturing, otherwise known as fracking is the process of injecting large amounts of sand, water, and other chemicals into the shale rocks deep beneath the ground in order to flow natural gas back onto the surface of the well. This process was invented in the early 1900s, and has been controversial ever since. There are two sides to the debate, one being that fracking is known to be horrible for the environment. Fracking has caused families to need to be displaced, and emitted thousands of toxic chemicals into the air causing major public health issues. At the same time, fracking has reduced the reliability on coal, which is known to be horrible for the environment; it has also brought hundreds of thousands of gallons of natural gas