invisibleness of whiteness). Lastly, for Thompson (1984), reification as a strategy was used to deny history/time (e.g. removing legacy of Apartheid from post-apartheid). As a result, these strategies are examples of how privilege is perpetuated and protected (Wale & Foster, 2007). Hence why the progression of white anti-racism appears as a viable and necessary option, to help address this issue of privilege perpetuation amongst the dominant group, in post-apartheid SA.
(Achebe 129)” Chenowa Achebe speaks his thoughts on imperialism here by saying that even though the white imperialists thought they were doing good, they didn’t bother to even try to understand the natives’ feelings towards them. Although imperialism brought government stability and education, the long term effects of imperialism in Africa were negative because natives were made slaves, borders were poorly placed, and European religion/education was forced upon them. All in all, British Imperialism hurt Africa much more than it
The above assertion maybe seen as being Eurocentric in orientation, on the contrary, Nwoga (1978) gave an opinion which may be seen to have been given from an African perspective when he argued that, "(...) he sees both European and Arab colonialism as destructive of the black man's sense of personal worth and dignity" (p.54). Nonetheless, Nwoga (1978) drew attention to a very important component of the impact of the British colonial system on the socio-political system of the Igbo people regarding to how British colonial system eliminated certain discriminative aspects of the Igbo society. Nwoga (1978) while using ‘Things Fall Apart’ to explain the influence of colonialism in Igbo land stated that "(...) some of the influence of Western colonialism
As the number of aboriginals decreased and came close to extinction. The British feared this therefore they promoted the idea of racial quality which ultimately failed, though it was the basis of racial equality in Europe and America. As different races rejected the ideas of civilization the British came to question the idea if these races could actually be civilized. Then came Tomas Carlyle who was a writer that appealed to slavery. He wrote, in the 19th century, about the necessity of inequality and that it was the proper way to rule society.
Even though we tend to only see the unfavorable effects of colonization, British colonizers have had both positive and negative impacts on Nigeria’s traditional society by influencing its political structure, economy and education. British colonialism destabilized Nigeria’s political system. The West African country was governed by means of indirect rule. This means that, in opposition to direct rule, the
This sort of comparison in itself is an insult to progressive educators where the media and society supports competitiveness as opposed to collaborative learning and by extension inequity. Such inequities are in keeping with our colonial heritage where De Lisle, Seecharan, and Ayodike (2010) states: The education system inherited from British colonial rule was noticeably elitist and examination-oriented, designed to filter, segregate and retain students based on perceived meritocracy, as defined solely by performance in public examinations. Significant features of this inherited differentiated system include segregated schools and embedded institutional practices and beliefs supportive of academic tracking, streaming and setting. (p.
Education is known as one of the main socializing factors, according to Emile Durkheim. Schooling has two effects, for children to learn basic facts and for children to learn to be a part of group. In the case of Bantu Education, black children were learning to be submissive in the world; through this Bantu education they were learning their “place” in the apartheid structure. Before the apartheid, an education for black people was severely discouraged because that is how the white elite maintains their authority and control over black people. School segregation was prioritized, and schooling was separated by ethnicity.
These challenges posed a greater threat on the prospects on African history, culture and language, in which we are experiencing neo-colonialism. Thus, this paper seeks to trace the problem of history education from the time of the Christian missionaries with their introduction of western education to the establishment of mission schools, the taking-over of mission schools by the government, the place of history among other subjects in the curriculum of secondary schools, methods of teaching history, prospects and challenges of history teaching in Nigeria. The scope of the study is limited to private/public schools in Oyo State, Nigeria. There are 629 and 660 public and private schools in Oyo State respectively. Only few schools teach history as part of their
This exemplifies the notion of oppression, discrimination and powerlessness suffered by the marginalized individuals and groups in some societies as argued by the empowerment theory. Decolonization now comes with the political independence of South Africa in 1994 which up to date is aimed at reversing all the impacts of the White colonial rule Fanon (2008). In order to achieve this, the ANC government shifted from the Afrikana Nationalism of the whites to Black Nationalism which advocates for equal distribution of wealth and resources and upliftment of black communities (Johnson, 2004). Empowerment polices such as the Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) were put in place with the purpose of increasing economic transformation and enabling
An on-going crisis in South African education has been witnessed. This essay will focus on the quality of education in South Africa, the challenges that face the education system. Past apartheid system is one of the reasons why South Africa’s education is where it is today. The past system made sure that the natives will only be taught labour skills only. Even the minister of native affairs Hendrick Verwoerd stated that “when I have control over the native education, I will reform it so that natives will be taught from childhood that equality with Europeans is not for them”.