Muscles in the jaw and tongue, required for proper speech and oral movements can be impacted by cerebral palsy which can cause difficulty talking, drooling, chewing and even breathing. Depending on the type of cerebral palsy you have, there are different impairments involving speech. People with spastic cerebral palsy have slow and tend to struggle with oral movements that require a lot of effort. Athetoid cerebral palsy cases have difficulty controlling their face movements. They cannot control their movements that their face makes and vocal cords, this results in random sounds and mumbling.
 Microscopically the lesions are unencapsulated and ill defined, characterized by fibrocollagenous tissue, lymphoid tissue and a mixed inflammatory cell infiltrate with numerous eosinophils. Eosinophilic abscess, polykaryocytes of Warthin- Finkeldy are sometimes present in germinal
It shows symptoms of loss of motor control, pain and paraesthesia. When there is an inflammation in the white matter or gray matter region of the spinal cord or connecting with brain results myelitis. In myelitis, paralysis and sensory loss can occur due to the damage caused in myelination of the axon. Anterior spinal artery syndrome is a condition that arouse when the blood carrying artery is interrupted. It is common syndrome with symptoms of loss of sensory and motor sensation due to injury.
The episodes of numbness in the chin and lower lip and the sensations of prickling (pins and needles) at the right corner of her mouth are due to the alterations in the functions of somatic nervous system. Hypoesthesia is a state of loss or decreasing the capacity of sensation in general and skin in particular. The hypoesthesia is characterized by an insufficient response against the stimulus. Paresthesia is state where the individual felt a sensation of numbness or creeping. It usually occurs in the extremities of limbs and other parts of the body such as mandible or upper jaw.
From the text, Broca’s aphasia is defined as an expressive language disorder resulting from damage to the Broca’s area of the frontal lobe of the brain. Strokes are common causes of most aphasias and one type of stroke known as an Ischemic stroke, happens when the blood supply to the brain is repressed because of a blockage in an artery. The girl in the video named Sarah suffered from aphasia and it was fairly obvious because of the symptoms she displayed. For example, I noticed that her speech was very slow and effortful and that she had a hard time putting words together to form complete sentences. Also, her speech was very dysfluent as she said “um” a lot and spoke in short telegraphic phrases.
Phantom limb syndrome is a neurological disorder that affects amputees and is characterized by phantom sensations that appear to emanate from the missing limb (Rugnetta). The phantom sensations can be painful or nonpainful in nature, so that the individual experiences pain, touch sensations, or changes in temperature (Rugnetta), despite missing the peripheral portions of the spinothalamic pathway and other pathways involved in relaying information to associated regions of the brain, and in particular to the somatosensory cortex. The mechanisms involved in phantom limb syndrome are not fully understood. However, it has been noted that following amputation there is a rewiring of parts of the brain associated with sensation (Purves, Augustine, Fitzpatrick, Hall, LaMantia, & White, 2012), including, “considerable reorganization
Endometriosis has four types including minimal, mild, moderate and severe, and it relies on the location, size, number and depth of endometrial implants. Moreover, dysmenorrhea, infertility, pain with intercourse, pain with bowel movements or urination and excessive bleeding
Available: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/multiple-sclerosis/basics/definition/con-20026689. Last accessed 3rd Nov 2014.). This disease effects the brain and spinal cord. There are some difference symptoms of MS such as; tiredness, bladder and bowel problems, speech problems, blurry vision, memory and thinking are affected, balance, chronic pain and tremors. MS can be treated quite well when the person starts to realise patterns and triggers to their symptoms.
These are caused due to insufficient tissue inside the mouth or lip area, and as a result the tissue that is available does not join together properly. CLEFT LIP AND PALATE The upper lip and the palate are together formed by the fusion of the ‘Fronto Nasal Process’ with the ‘Left Palatal process’ arising from the ‘Left Maxillary Process’ and the ‘Right Palatal process’ arising from the ‘Right Maxillary Process’ resulting in a tiny groove under the nose. The consequence of the inefficient fusion of these processes is the cleft lip. The different types of clefts are (i) Unilateral cleft lip (ii) Bilateral Cleft Lip (iii) Isolated cleft palate (iv) Unilateral cleft lip and palate and (v) Bilateral cleft lip and palate. Unilateral cleft lip refers to incomplete fusion of the processes only
Myriads of people compare dogs to cats and they think cats are “mean” as of the way they like to hunt. The reason cats like to hunt so much is since they are natural born predators. Unlike dogs, cats come from vicious hunters like lions, tigers, panthers, etc. Dogs have -for the most part- always grown with humans and had more time to adjust. Furthermore cats just need time to adjust to everything and people shouldn’t judge them since they don’t know everything yet.
Common findings are neurodefecits in the central nervous system (CNS) such as chronic neurologic demyelination and inflammation of the CNS, lesions found in the neural space of the person, and an inappropriate immune response (Borazanci et al. 2009). Loss of myelin in the CNS leads to inappropriate action potential activation in which the axons of the neurons become inflamed over time and potentially lead to axon damage and/or loss (Nickerson 2013). Nickerson 2013 also stated that this long term inflammation could be contributing to the long term disabilities associated with MS. Loss of myelin in the axons of neurologic cells lead to many things; one being the formation of astrocytic scarring forming on the myelin sheaths (Newlan et
The second type of spina bifida is called Closed neural tube defects.this type has a varietal group of defects that affect the spineal cord. This type of spina bifida is shown by the malformation of fat, bone, or meninges. Usually, there aren’t any symptoms. Meningocele is the third type of spina bifida. This third type can result in complete paralysis, along with bowel or bladder dysfunction.
Therefore, it’s important when diagnosing someone with dementia that you take a history of psychological conditions (and physical conditions) to rule out everything possible. These psychological changes can take a toll not only on that individual, but also on family members and other individuals close to them. It may be difficult for a loved one to watch another individual go through stages in which they can’t remember anything, or don’t recognize what they did (or know they did what they did). At the same time, cognitive challenges also occur such as: memory loss, difficulty communication/finding words, complex tasks, planning/organizing, coordination/motor functions, and disorientation (McCrory, PP, Ch. 17, Slide 29).
In addition to the usual challenges of trucking such as meeting delivery schedules and coping with traffic, commercial truck drivers who make deliveries to residential homes face another risk: getting attacked and bitten by a dog. Depending on the circumstances, the dog 's temperament, and its breed, injuries from dog attacks can vary from minor punctures of the skin to a severe mauling that requires lengthy hospitalization. What can the commercial truck driver do to avoid dog bites when nearly half of all American home owners have a dog? Follow these four tips: Don 't Run Dogs can easily out sprint people and running only invites the dog to chase and possibly attack you. Stand your ground.
When this gene has been mutated, it is unable to perform effectively, leaving exocrine based organs unprotected. (Human Genome Cystic Fibrosis) The symptoms of cystic fibrosis can vary from case to case, but the most common symptoms include male infertility, persistent coughing, salty-tasting skin, frequent lung infections such as penuomonia and bronchitis, shortness of breath, wheezing, weight-loss, and difficult bowel movements. Often times the acronym, CF, to represent cystic fibrosis. People with cystic fibrosis make it a very big priority to have minimal contact with