Disadvantages Of Biomedical Engineering

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A branch of science that applies the concepts of all engineering disciplines (e.g. electrical, thermal, and mechanical engineering) to solve specific health care- related problems and to control biological systems.
Biomedical engineering has existed for centuries, perhaps even thousands of years. In 2000, German archaeologists uncovered a 3,000-year-old mummy from Thebes with a wooden prosthetic tied to its foot to serve as a big toe. Researchers said the wear on the bottom surface suggests that it could be the oldest known limb prosthesis. 1-1816: modesty prevented French physician (René Laennec) from placing his ear next to a young woman’s bare chest, so he rolled up a newspaper and listened through it, triggering the idea for his invention
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Imaging technologies are often essential to medical diagnosis, and are typically the most complex equipment found in a hospital including:
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Projection radiography such as X-rays and CT scans
- Ultrasound
Medical devices:
This is an extremely broad category essentially covering all health care products that do not achieve their intended results through predominantly chemical (e.g., pharmaceuticals) or biological (e.g., vaccines) means, and do not involve metabolism.
A medical device is intended for use in:
1- The diagnosis of disease or other conditions, or
2- in the cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease.
Some examples include pacemakers, infusion pumps, and the heart - lung machine.
Medical devices are regulated and classified (in the US) as follows:
1- Class (I) devices present minimal potential for harm to the user and are often simpler in design. Devices in this category include examination gloves, and hand-held surgical instruments and other similar
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Genetic engineering uses the techniques of molecular cloning and transformation to alter the structure and characteristics of genes directly. The first (genetically modified organism) GMOs were bacteria generated in 1973.
EX: The first GMOs were bacteria generated in 1973.
Tissue engineering, like genetic engineering, is a major segment of Biotechnology- Which overlaps significantly with BME .One of the goals of tissue engineering is to create artificial organs (via biological material) for patients that need organ transplants. Biomedical engineers are currently researching methods of creating such organs researchers have grown solid jaw bones and tracheas from human stem cells towards this end.
Bioinformatics: is an interdisciplinary field that develops methods and software tools for understanding biologicaldata. As an interdisciplinary field of science, bioinformatics combines computer science, statistics, mathematics, and engineering to analyze and interpret biological
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