Oral Contraceptive Pill

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Introduction
Sexual activity amongst teenagers aged 17-20 years old is at a high rate. This biological report will provide factual information including statistics and reports on rates, deaths, STDs, natality rate amongst teenagers and other relevant information. This report will also mainly be comparing the two methods of contraception, being the condom and the oral contraceptive pill and its use amongst the teenage population. This report will cover advantages, disadvantages, efficacy, safety, efficiency and overall effectiveness of both contraceptive methods. This research is vital due to the fact that there is a large rate of sexual interaction amongst teenagers, and as such, there are a lot of unforeseen, and sometimes dire, consequences
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Inconsistent ingestion has caused the contraceptive to simply not work. While it is definitely safe with a success rate of roughly 99%, it is not 100% safe and it does come with side effects. Hormonal activity is influenced by OCPs, and as such, side effects can vary from serious to minor, therefore labelling the side effects rather unpredictable. One of the more serious side effects is the increased risk of blood clots and strokes. There is also a vague study that may indicate that ingesting the OCP will increase risk of cancer, however, there is also a vague study that indicates that ingesting the OCP will decrease the risk of cancer, so these studies render both theories obsolete in terms of factual information. The more minor side effects include decreased libido as well as slight weight gain. The main point that drives people away from the OCP is the fact that it does NOT defend the consumer from sexually transmitted…show more content…
The condom is a very simple device. It is simply rolled over the penis to prevent sperm from entering the vagina. It is used in hopes of preventing pregnancy and, more importantly, STDs.
Some advantages of condoms: Overall, condoms are very safe with a success rate of around 98% if used perfectly. STDs as well as pregnancy are prevented by the condom which is why many people use condoms as opposed to the OCP.
Some disadvantages of condoms: Mainly, the disadvantages of condoms only consist of minor issues. Of course, like any contraceptive, they are not 100% effective. Condoms can tear and can be used incorrectly. But other than that, condoms decrease sensitivity for the male partner which may cause hindrance and irritation within the sexual process. Condoms also have an expiry date which, when used after the expiration date, may cause irritation on the penis and the effectivity of the condom decreases significantly.
Statistics
• In 2011–2013, 44% of female teenagers and 47% of male teenagers aged 16-20 have undergone sexual intercourse. 25 years ago, the percentages were at 58% for females and 69% for
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