Disadvantages Of Eco Friendly Bag

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Theoretical Framework
The literature reviewed in this report encompasses the main characteristics of the use of eco-friendly bag, materials in which they are manufactured, lifecycle assessment of eco-friendly bag and other alternative materials among others. It also covers the environmental impacts, the consumers perception and attitudes regarding eco-friendly bag and a set of existing strategies or alternatives to increase the use of eco-friendly bags that are being used in other parts of the world.

Literature Review
The following case study explores the factors influencing consumers attitudes and perception towards the use of eco-friendly bag. An attitude is an overall evaluation
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Waldman and Schneider (2000) argue that green products are those that do not negatively affect the environment. They either produce little or no pollution or are produced from recycled materials. Conventional plastic bags, also known as oxo-biodegradable, are used to carry shopping from supermarkets. They emerged in the 1950s in the United States and arrived in Brazil in the 1980s, substituting paper bags, previously used for this purpose (AMIS, 2011). In general, Brazilian legislation does not establish measures to discourage or prevent some activities which have a negative impact on the environment. According to PORTALPBH (2011), Belo Horizonte is the first municipality to restrict the use of plastic bags by establishing law n. 9529, regulated on 27th February 2008, on the substitution of plastic bags for ecological carrier bags. It suggests the use of shopping trolley bags, cardboard boxes, recycled bags and returnable bags. In addition, it also recommends the use of compostable bags which are similar to plastic carrier bags but are made from organic material and are less harmful to the environment, particularly in view of their decomposition rate. As previously mentioned, compostable, or biodegradable bags are made from organic material, usually maize starch, which decomposes easily that take a maximum of 180 days to decompose, a result of the activity of micro-organisms present in composting environments and landfill sites. Compostable carrier bags are usually sold by retailers. Longer-lasting bags, made from a variety of materials such as NWC, cloth and straw are the best alternatives for discouraging disposal. The purpose of the legislation, therefore, is to make Belo Horizonte consumers understand the needs and benefits for society of reducing the use of plastic

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