This is due to the fact that the policies in Europe attempt to address the socio-economic and socio-cultural factors decreasing the fertility rate, such as rising costs of raising a child, rising demands of childcare facilities and the effort and commitment needed to raise a child. For example, paternal leave of a minimum of two months is required to be taken by Swedish fathers, unlike Taiwan where 70% of mothers do not even apply for maternity leave. European countries’ pro-natalist policies thus promotes better work-life balance among parents, which allows parents to be better able to commit to taking care of a child than those in East Asian Countries. The greatly subsidised healthcare and preschool sector which have equal fees and standards across the country, which makes family life more attractive for European parents than East Asian parents. More parents in Europe will thus choose to have more children than those in East Asia, due to the effort of pro-natalist policies to address socio-economic
Marriage means a new household, it means keeping a lineage alive. In addition to that, marriage means sharing different life, care about live in love. Briefly it is a feeling of respect, love, loyalty and trust that must exist in a healthy and happy marriage. However, in the past, people used to get married at a younger age usually nearby 18 and early marriage causes severe trauma and devastation. But modern society individuals increased the age of marriage.
For example, the responsibility of elderly care or child care are gradually become an impossible task in a modern family. People accelerate of the pace in the modern society. The functions or problems of marriage and family become more diverse. The value of families’ relationship (marriage and marital relations) is also different from the traditional society. Thus, everything is holding the “fast food doctrine”; even it is the value of marriage.
Analyze the significance of change across time in history as demonstrated by these documents; Carnegie suggests that it is paramount for the progress of the race that some Houses should be homes for all so that civilization is refined. He says that competence is the aim of all to acquire given the large sums of money saved over generations by many years of toil and hard work from which the returns are needed for maintaining and educating the families. Change is inevitable and essential for the growth of human life. Human life has not only changed but also revolutionized within the past decades. Some things change others stay the same, for instance, neither master nor servant was well off as compared to current times.
Social scientists have come up with explanation as to how family and personal relationships, personal life is changing. These changes have been departing due to transformation in all sphere i.e. economic -globalization, privatization; demographical aspects – lower level birth rate due to reproduction technological advancement, divorce, cohabitation; socio-culture – education and employment empowerment, individualization. Sociologists have shown great interest in personal life and relationships. Traditionally, sociology is known for family and kin relationships but recently friendships, intimacy, same sex relationships are also become area of research.
Growing individualism has been a large outcome of high divorce due to, “men’s economic losses putting added financial burdens on families and women’s employment making them less economically dependent on their husbands,” (Ciabattari 105). According to Ciabattari, the population groups that are at high risk for divorce are spread across education levels, race-ethnicity, family of origin, age at marriage, timing of first birth, heterogamy, and remarriages (110). Those who receive less college education and have only a high school diploma or a GED are more likely to cohabit than marry which in turn lowers the divorce rate because they can’t get divorced. When relationships are dissolved among parents, children often experience a lot of backlash that results in them becoming troubled youth as well as experiencing more social issues among their
Home could sometimes be more demanding than work, with lesser appreciation and recognition for something done well. 80% of single female respondents preferred to be working mothers rather than stay at home (NPTD, 2012) Many modern workplaces like Google had become more homely, harmonious and supporting. In conclusion, the increase in dual-earner families has changed the significance that each family has to play in a family unit, with more demands, responsibilities and complicated roles to play. We see now that work and personal life is considered less as separate spheres but instead intertwine with each other. There is even interdependency between the two, where one affects the other.
While it is true that the cost of living has sky-rocketed, it is also known that the minimum wage has not. The cost of education has also been on the increase; its burdens laying heavily on poor families, especially those that have several children attending school. If subsidies were provided for said families and school fees reduced, more students would be able to stay in school and not drop out. Fourthly, school-community collaboration programs will broaden the scope of education by involving all stakeholders. Businesses can adopt schools and provide much needed donations which they can also claim back on their taxes.
Mostly poorer families generally prefer having larger families so that the number of helping hands can increase. But the fact which they do not realise is that increasing the size of the family does not only increase the number of helping hands but also the number of stomachs. The solution to the problem of population growth is family planning. Family planning refers to planning the overall growth of the family. It includes planning when to have children, the no.of children, methods of birth control,etc.
Earlier, women had productive value in agriculture. But with industrialisation, when new economic opportunities began to grow for men, their income earning capacity increased while women got relegated to their homes. Those women who were born richer thus got the upper hand and they were able to compete for better and higher income earning husbands. This is how dowry developed (Anderson 2007). Cultural