Disadvantages Of Family

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In the ancient times, family members including children were considered workforce which is required for the whole family to survive. Because there conditions of life were tough and there was a high infant and child mortality rate because of epidemics, having as many children and adult family members as possible was economically advantageous. All could work and help the family benefit. Since the twentieth century, people have more choices for their family structure. Their democratic rights are better fulfilled and the size of a family is more a matter of personal choice. Today, some people prefer living in an extended family to have more close people and feel supported and surrounded by relatives who can advise, compassionate about their problems…show more content…
Downer (1996) asserts that resource dilution of extended families leads to finite levels of resources (time, energy, money, etc.) and this creates more competition and less opportunities for high quality communication between parents and their children as compared to nuclear families. Besides, the net of controls are decreased and children receive less supervision. At the same time, according to Bengtson (2001), family relationships across several generations are becoming increasingly important and also increasingly diverse in structure and in functions. There is a so-called phenomenon of “family decline” which illustrates how smaller families fit better to the modern social and economic environment as well as its challenges towards divorce and cohabitation. Bengtson (2001: 1) lists the following communicational advantages of an extended family as contrasted to the nuclear family type: the demographic changes of population aging which result in better information and experience sharing between generations; better involvement of grandparents and other family members / relatives in fulfilling family functions; and increased and resilient intergenerational solidarity over time. I also indicate that family multigenerational relations are increasingly diverse because of (a) changes in family structure, involving divorce and stepfamily relationships; (b) the increased longevity of kin; (c) the diversity of intergenerational relationship “types.” Moreover, most advocates of the extended families emphasize that large family size promotes mutual help, independence and self-reliance. Children learn to help each other and care about themselves from the early age and are better prepared for their future adult life in terms of non-egoism, self-sufficiency and self-support, whereas children raised in nuclear family tend to be more egoistic and spoiled with both gifts and attention.

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