Typically people assume a victim to be someone that is shy and weak, often a child or a female. This is because individuals unconsciously apply attitudes and stereotypes reflecting the society or cultural norms. It is often thought that men cannot be the victim of rape or sexual assault and this is due to the gender construct of men and women over time. Men were always expected to be strong and hold the family together. There has always been gender inequality and as women have dealt with the oppression in attempts to rise above the male dominant roles, men have continued to suffer (Lippard, et al., 2009; Javaid,
Women are also more likely than men to grow out of crime. The peak age of reported offending for girls was fourteen or fifteen, compared to nineteen for men. Criminal statistics show that, in 2002, only 19% of known offenders were women over the age of eighteen (Trueman, 2015). The crimes women are most associated with include theft, robbery, burglary of all kinds, fraud, possession of a controlled substance, and handling stolen goods. Theft and handling stolen goods is the most common indictable offense for women.
Domestic Abuse in The Color Purple: The Reality of Domestic Abuse Domestic violence or abuse is the inflicting of physical injury by one family or household member on another (Merriam-Webster). It is common in our modern culture and it has been for a long time. This vicious crime impacts people’s lives and drives families apart. We are now becoming more aware of this crime, but people were not always aware of this. The book The Color Purple provides an understanding of domestic abuse in the 1980’s.
The experience of a sexual assault has consequences both in society, as well as for the individual. Individual consequences that is for the victim itself, may include actual physical harm (from the assault itself) and increased risks of sexually illnesses such as pregnancy, mental health problems (posttraumatic stress disorder/PTSD), and others chronic health problems. Female veterans who were sexually assaulted during their military careers are more likely to use mental health services. They experience difficulty adjusting to civilian life, and have more trouble obtaining employment after discharge than are female veterans without a history of sexual assault, as the example of impact in the society. Studies have also found the victim of
Female sex offenders are assessed with an aim of establishing the future likelihood of re-occurrence of such sexual offensive behavior and to establish mechanisms that can be used to decrease the risk and rate of recidivism. They exhibit a higher level of vulnerability connected to these sexual offensive behaviors. An extensive victimization history and social and psychological alienation are issues that are common among most sexual offenders. Static risk factors associated with female sexual offenders include history of criminal offenses, child abuse offenses, drug arrest and prior sexual offense arrest. Dynamic risk factors include substance abuse, problematic relationships, wanting revenge, desire to be intimate with a victim and using of sex as a tool for regulating emotional state.
Violent crimes committed by women as to gender include murder, terrorism, gang participation and domestic violence. The author emphasized that other crime associated with women, is domestic terrorism. They show that in recent studies, female terrorists now display extreme viciousness and cruelty. It is noted that because some women struggle to meet their economic needs, their participation in terrorism has increased In my view and as to the issue of gender in terrorism, this is a rare predictor of criminal behavior that has been associated with women knowing the fact that women are home makers and not associated with violence.
However, men’s oppression of women in modern times rises from defensive resistance not in the interests of protecting women, but of preserving men’s privilege haven (Kimmel, 2010). One mechanism of maintaining masculine privilege in modern times is through soft influence tactics, such as rewards and praise rather than harsh influence tactics, like open acts of hostility (Kimmel, 2010). For example, stereotypes and norms of traditional and heterosexual paternalism are
Most likely with other abusive behaviors, like emotional and verbal abuse Psychological, emotional, and mental abuse which are linked together, the abuser uses emotional abuse to wither away their partners self-esteem and reduce their confidence to increase their reliant on the abuser. Tactics such as criticism, intimidation, isolating them from their family and friends to gain control over them(Lwa,2018). The last country, I chose is Saudi Arabia. Women were the victims in 45 % of domestic violence cases filed in the last year with the Ministry of Justice. They were seeking protection from their abuser, they were physically abuse, financial abuse, their children taken away from them, sexual abuse, all tactics to control the
By Ariel Levy’s definition, “female chauvinism” and “raunch culture” describe women who believe men are inferior and women objectifying other women and themselves, respectively. While females, to a certain extent, have always and will always be objectified by the media, it has not become more pervasive in recent years. If anything, the sexualization and objectification of women has been mediated due to advancements in gender equality. There has been a gradual switch in cultural expectations of women from codependent lady who needs a strong man to take care of her to competent woman who can take care of herself. This role transformation, while seemingly so, is not a kick in the ribs to men.
Sexual assault is complex, guileful and ubiquitous. The criminal justice system is expected to deliver a sense that justice has been done, yet its current response is inadequate for the large majority of sexual assault victims. Victims of sexual assault have historically been met with denial and disbelief, with society failing to develop an adequate response to a crime. In recent decades, hard won improvements - called for by reformers and feminists, and implemented by well-intentioned governments - have seen sexual assault taken more seriously in legal and political arenas alike. Investigation, prosecution and court procedures have improved; specialization has been encouraged; and victims have been provided with fairer treatment and additional
In the previous paragraph, we understand that the psychological problems trafficking causes can be just as devastating as the physical problems. When people discuss human trafficking, they often are confused as to why the victim didn’t just leave or tell someone. It is an accepted notion that majority of sexually exploited women have a degree of freedom; they are allowed to walk about the streets, allowed to contact “John’s”, and communicate with other women in the same business. However, what people often lack to understand the serious psychological grip that many traffickers have on their victims. In Theresa’s case, she had legitimate reason to believe that her family’s well-being would be in jeopardy if she refused to work or left the Chaldeans.
The rape myths that R. v. Ewanchuk includes within its case is heavily linked to the social construction of males and females involved in sexual assault cases. The outcome of this case largely impacted the feminist movement in a strong way. This case changed the future of sexual assault cases within many ways. To begin with, consent must be determined from the complainants/victims mind opposed to his or her actions. Secondly, there are many forms of physical actions along with verbal ways of issuing to refuse consent.
Upon doing research on male domestic violence victims, I learned a variety of new things. One thing I learned was, studies show that in their relationships with male partners or spouses, women are more aggressive or physically aggressive than men (SAFE, 2015).Working with male domestic violence victims is different than working with women. Something else I gained from my research was the suggested best practices for providers who work with male crime victims. For example, service providers should help victims engage in their support systems, provide information and education regarding trauma and its aftermath, and actively assess victims for things such as suicidal thoughts and ways to properly intervene (Lisak, 2012). I also learned why gay men who are being abused stay in the relationship.
Now this type of statement was mostly used by males to use on females but now has a negative connotation representing victimhood. Some individuals believe that feminists sanction victimhood(Fiano). Which sounds legitimate since occurrences like that have happened in the very school I attend. With misogyny, sexual objectification, stereotyping being a trend in our society this idea of victimhood isn’t really far fetched. Unfortunately life becomes more difficult when society gives you guidelines that are seen as women like because everyone is different and should pursue their own
In chapter 11, Ending Violence discusses how the perpetuation of violence among men, women and children is often viewed as a natural part of the domestic roles in a family. This chapter was of great interest to me because I have always questioned why violence occurs. I like the concept that hooks brought to the subject of patriarchal violence, that is that many times women are perpetrators of violence just as equally as male. Many women choose to discipline their children with physical or psychological violence. They believe that if they can have control of what one individual does it gives them the power to feel superior.