In deductive approach, a researcher might start with thinking of theory about the topic of research. In other words, it is started with a social theory that is later tested to check compatibility with data. Moreover, that theory is narrowed down into more specific hypothesis for testing (Carter, 2008). Inductive Approach However, inductive approach works the other way around as it moves from specific observations to broader theories and generalization. It is initiative with collection of relevant data as per the research topic along with finding patterns in the data through analysis and then develops a theory.
There are two types of research approaches, which are inductive and deductive, the selection of which is reliant on the context and nature of the study. The two of the research approaches are discussed below: 3.1.1. Inductive Approach Inductive is the research approach that makes use of the studies that moves from the specific perspectives to the general perspectives due to which it is also known as bottom-up method. The aim of this method is to develop new theory about the subject with the support of considering the content that is provided in precedent studies. The inductive approach considers only precedent studies for gathering information on the research.
The technique should employ professional individuals to carry out the research. • It is advised to compare the findings generated by projective techniques with the finds of other techniques to obtain a more representative sample. Advantages of Projective
The important part of the research method is the philosophy, which is chosen considering the context and nature of the study. Some different research philosophies are there such as positivism, pragmatic, interpretivism, and realism. For this study, positivism research philosophy is used and in this method, the controlled approach is focused for the purpose of ensuring that is research study is discussing the context and purpose effectively (Bhattacharyya, 2006). With the help of this research philosophy, the researcher determines the topic and evaluates the method, which is most appropriate for the study under consideration. The purpose of selecting this approach is that it utilises statistical or mathematical method to analyse the data gathered.
Qualitative Approach This research adopts qualitative approach. For qualitative approach the qualitative methods, phenomenography as methodology and constructivism (theory of knowledge) as theoretical perspective will be employed. The aim of this research is to gain apprehension of stakeholders’ perceptions and prospects of quality
In order to confirm that this project is applying an inductive qualitative approach, the researchers behind this investigation have selected a research topic and formed a research question. The in depth interviews this project is going to analyze is going to be an open-ended interview, as the researchers would like to have different perspectives on the topic, and let the respondent talk from experience, therefore instead of structuring a whole set of consistent
Since the conclusion of deductive reasoning is correct when premises used are also true, there must be certainty that premises used truly right. The deductive proofing process will involve a theory or a mathematical formula which has already been proven to be deductive as well. In inductive reasoning, general conclusions are built on factors collected through directional observation. It means, someone can gain knowledge by observing the natural surroundings and the fact that occur, then make a general conclusions. How to draw conclusions on this inductive reasoning has opposite way with the deductive reasoning.
The beginning of knowledge emanates from metaphysics, theological and positivism. And these put much on a critical stance in the discourse of method. Little (2011), explains that method is a prescriptive body of doctrines to guide inquiry. The ideal of understanding social world underlies in whether to embrace and use principles and guiding procedures of the natural world where positivism dominates in the epistemological deliberation. Atkinson & Hammersley (2007), explain that this method has a considerable influence onto social scientist, in promoting the status of survey research and the quantitative analysis According to Bryman (2002), Bryman and Bell (2003) positivism is an epistemological position which calls for the application of the
Inductive reasoning cannot based solely on past experience. Pass experiences only give knowledge during that period of time while observing the event. Applying past experiences to future events will not produce absolute fact but will be at most probable. Induction is a tool to generate knowledge, giving scientists direction into what needs to be investigated. Once a hypothesis is created via induction, it is up to the science to disprove the hypothesis best to their ability by considering the other likely causes.