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Disadvantages Of Aboriginal Women In Canada

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Indigenous populations in Canada face severe disadvantages related to their health. The racism that Indigenous people face is further compounded by the disadvantages that women face making the situation even for difficult for Indigenous women. With this said Indigenous women do share many issues with the rest of the Aboriginal population as a result of colonization, loss of land, forced time in Indian Residential Schools, loss of language, and racial, political, and economic marginalization (McNab). Furthermore, Indigenous peoples in remote communities face the difficulty of lacking access to healthcare, education, employment, and income equality (McNab). Indigenous women face a unique combination of oppression through their intersectionality…show more content…
Overall, Canada has a life expectancy of 79.5 years in 2001, which was only 2.1 years behind Japan which has the highest life expectancy (Kermode-Scott). This places Canada in a similar position to the rest of the developed nations in the world (Kermode-Scott). This contrasts drastically with the life expectancy of Indigenous peoples in Canada. For example, in that same year the Inuit in Nunavik (the region in Northern Quebec) had a life expectancy average of 66.7 years – a difference of 12.8 years (Kermode-Scott). This region’s life expectancy is between that of the Dominican Republic and Egypt, which are ranked 111 and 112 out of 191 countries in the world with regards to life expectancy(Kermode-Scott). In 2017, these numbers had improved slightly. The overall Canadian life expectancy was projected to be 83 years for women and 79 years for men (Public Health Agency of Canada 8). Metis women had a life expectancy of 80 years, while First Nations women had a life expectancy of 78 and Inuit women had a projected life expectancy of 73 years (Public Health Agency of Canada 8). The lower life expectancy of Indigenous women when compared to their non-Indigenous counterparts is an indicator of differentials in health and access to health care. In fact, according to the World Bank, the life expectancy of Inuit women was on par with Bangladesh, Belize, the Arab Republic of Egypt, Kosovo, Mongolia, and Fiji (The World Bank). The difference between Indigenous and non-Indigenous women’s life expectancy is an average of 6 years which may be a result of the prevalence of smoking, heavy drinking, and high mortality rates (partly due to suicides) in these communities (Kermode-Scott). Overall, it is clear to see through the life expectancy disparities between Indigenous and non-Indigenous women
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