The privileges of the patent are substantial just in the United States and its domains and belonging. (Reynolds) A patent is a record, issued, upon application, by an administration office (or a territorial office representing a few nations), which depicts a development and makes a lawful circumstance in which the licensed creation can typically just be abused (produced, utilized, sold, imported)
A feature is de jure functional if competitors must use it in order to compete effectively. The U.S. Supreme Court has defined a functional feature as one which ...`is essential to the use or purpose of the article or [that] affects the cost or quality of the article,' that is, if exclusive use of the feature would put competitors at a significant non-reputation-related disadvantage. Qualitex, citing Inwood Laboratories, Inc. v. Ives Laboratories, Inc. . The Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit recently
Technology transfer is the process of developing practical applications for the results of scientific research. Licensing agreement or setting up joint ventures and partnerships which are involved in technology transfer to share both risks and rewards of bringing new technologies to market. The core of technology transfer is to take basic scientific discoveries and make them into marketable products. So, public can gain advantages from the research as quickly and efficiently. To successfully establish technology transfer of a product, corporation should be confirmed that the technology underlying the invention is appropriately protected via Intellectual Property provisions.
Fiat Mio Case Study 1. The benefits of Open innovation to Fiat Mio and the participants. Open innovation is an ideology that assumes firms should use external ideas as well as internal ideas and internal and external paths to market, as the firms look to advance their technology. Crowd sourcing is the process of obtaining ideas or services from a large number of people especially through online means, rather than from employees or suppliers. Creative commons is public copyright license that enables the free distribution of a copyrighted work.
INTRODUCTION Copyright is one of the most important part of Intellectual Property Laws. World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) defines copyright as “Copyright (or author’s right) is a legal term used to describe the rights that creators have over their literary and artistic works. Works covered by copyright range from books, music, paintings, sculpture, and films, to computer programs, databases, advertisements, maps, and technical drawings.” Copyrights give the protection to the author with respect to various things. These things will vary from country to country and are the subject to the statute of the place or law of the land. The conditions relating to the rights, their term, validity etc .
This process of checking beforehand is known as novelty search or patentability search. According to law patents are issued for those inventions which are using new and non-obvious. By doing a novelty search for prior art, the inventor, patent lawyer or another patent examiner can get to know if someone else already has the same idea. Ordering for a novelty search is a great option if you think that the inventions and the ideas of a patent are important. This process even makes you sure that after filing the patent application your request won't be rejected.
Knowledge based systems enable expert knowledge to be accessed all the time when the system is on, even when an expert is unavailable. KBS gives a privilege to provide a means to preserve information when the expert retires (Schipper, 2008).Knowledge plays a great role in KBS development in that it is a subjective interpretation of information in effort to recognize the applications and approach to act upon in the mind of perceiver. It attaches purpose and competence to information, resulting in the potential to generate action (Rajendra and Priti S ,
According to Dix et al. (1998), using metaphors creates a value by increasing the initial familiarity between a user and computer interface . Apple Computer Inc. mentions the potential power of using metaphors in its Machintosh Human Interface Guidelines 1992. According to Apple Computer Inc., developers can take advantage of users’ existing knowledge of the world by using metaphors in order to convey concepts and features of an application. Users can form a set of expectations about an interface if metaphors, which may reflect concrete and familiar ideas of users about the real world, are used while designing it
• To promote hardware manufacturing through active representation in the Government as well as scientific/technical institutions and industry/trade organisations in India and abroad. • To represent to the government, problems faced by its members, individually or as a group. • To find solutions and provide relief from unreasonable acts of administrative and policy making departments. • To provide a bouquet of professional and value-added services to its members. These services are tailored to serve the best interest of its Members and the Electronics/IT community to empower it to face competition and prosper.