Zuckerman uses the persuasive technique of logos to show the validity of his position. In order to convince the reader that reform is necessary, Zuckerman has to convince them that there is a problem to begin with. He says that the prison population has grown about 800% since the 1980s and nonviolent offenders account for 90% of those federal prisoners (Zuckerman). Because of these statistics, the reader gets a picture of what exactly the problem is. Many people, before reading this article, might not have been aware of the rapid increase of incarceration rates and the overcrowding issue.
A recent PET survey showed that only 18% of offenders felt supported by prison officers in their learning. One third of prison courses are not completed, half of which are a direct result of the release or transfer of prisoners, wasting an estimated £30m annually. Around two thirds of those who do have a job lose it whilst in custody. 1 in 14 prisoners participate in an activity to help other prisoners, eg. the Samaritan
America, the country with the highest rate of incarceration in the world, has its fair share of issues with in the system made to rehabilitate its prisoners. The issues involved within this system run deep and are often found to be a direct issue with how the system is formed. Although it wasn’t always this way, juveniles are treated separate in the eyes of the court and receive separate services from the rest of the jail and prison population. This new system often referred to as the Juvenile system has faced a series of hardships and has become just as dangerous and tedious as the regular court systems. This paper will look at how groups have formed within these institutions, how detention for juveniles can affect their future and their
The mass incarceration of the mentally ill can be reduced by reverting to institutionalization Researchers and activists alike are concerned about the rate at which individuals with mental illness are incarcerated in the United States. Many consider that the increase in incarceration is a direct result of deinstitutionalization. In this essay, I will discuss how the solutions to the prevention of the incarceration of the mentally ill but ultimately lead to the common goal of improving the care of the mentally ill. This will be done by comparing and contrasting the key points of Knoll, Etter et al and Kincaid. The points discussed will be their views on the cause of mass incarceration, the way in which they approach solutions to the problem and the suggested role of law enforcement officers in this solution.
Prison Overcrowding and the Death Penalty There are 2.3 million people incarcerated in prison or jail in the United States of America. The United States of America has the highest incarceration of any country in the world. One out of five people in prison is in there for drug crimes (Rabuy, 2017). Prison overcrowding is inhumane and unnecessary to protect society from offenders. Prison overcrowding is due to mandatory minimum sentences, three strikes laws, the war on drugs, and lack of rehabilitation programs.
After reading both articles about incarceration, I am in more support of the article The Greatest Correctional Myth: Winning the War on Crime Through Incarceration. There are many reasons as to why I chose to support the claims made in this article. Firstly, almost everyone who has been previously incarcerated or is currently incarcerated will eventually be released back into society. With that being said, the way our correctional system is set up is not beneficial for those released convicts. Having individuals locked up and hidden from society is not the right way to go about punishment.
They could be a used as a therapeutic outlet for an inmate. “Recreation, and in particular leisure education, is viewed by professional recreators as a tool to aid in the management of stresses associated with institutional life and as the avenue for inmates to return to society better able to manage life's demands” (Carter & Rusell, 2005). This could be a stress reliever for the individuals who struggle with mental illness. Next, there are health care programs for prisoners. According to (Schmalleger & Smykia, 2015, p. 241), “For the nation’s one-half million correctional employees and thousands of daily visitors to prisons and jails, good health care also reduces their risk of becoming infected from inmates with communicable diseases.” I definitely point out a great reason on why the prison health care programs shouldn’t be abolished.
Summary California currently has the highest incarceration rate in the world with 1.5 million mostly non-violent offenders in prison. High-quality correctional education, including remedial, secondary, postsecondary and trade school correctional education has been shown to reduce re-incarceration rates. Reducing inmate recidivism, via correctional education can ultimately save taxpayers money and create safer communities. Correctional education could save California taxpayers millions of dollars as it presently costs taxpayers approx.11 billion annually at min. ($71,000.00 per person) for the 189,000 inmates within the California prison system.
With the growth of the crime rates and inhumane behaviour towards the prisoners, there is no form of development in this sector. While in the other countries the system of incarceration has changed along with its meaning. As a citizen we have forgotten that these people will again be an active part of the society. Therefore, it is necessary