Disadvantages Of Out-Migration In Africa

1833 Words8 Pages
INTRODUCTION Out-migration has is becoming an increasing important issue in various countries throughout the world both because of the benefits and negatives that can be attained by the sending country from the migration of people out of the country to another country. In the following essay the author shall seek to assess the positives as well as the negatives of large scale out-migration of people with particular focus to Zimbabwe, Jamaica and the Caribbeans in an effort to establish whether it is beneficial to the sending country. ECONOMIC BENEFITS Alleviation of poverty and Inflow of Remittances One of the most substantial benefits of outward migration for sending countries is that the sending countries receive cash inflow in the form of remittances from the migrants abroad and also increase the inflow of foreign currency in to the country in the process. This is evident in Jamaica were migrants remitted up to 1,8 billion in 2008 alone according to the World Bank (Ratha and Silwal, 2011). Emigrants also help lessen poverty by remitting a vast amount of their income back to their families at home as was evident in Zimbabwe…show more content…
According to United Nations Population Fund’s research they state that “Today, the number of people living outside their country of birth is larger than at any other time in history” (Moncrieffe). This is due to the increased inter-dependence on each other due to globalisation and supported by Michael Piore’s Dual Labour Market Theory which emphasises that International Migration is caused by the permanent demand for foreign labour in advanced industrial societies. Globalisation has in turn made it easier for migrants to move from their sending country to their receiving country due to upgrades in global transport systems and job seekers can now also apply online due to advancements in the Information Technology
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