So, it means that for reading comprehension, it is not only about the ability to read the individual words and know the meaning, but it is about understanding the whole passage as well. Reading comprehension is known to be important because even though it is almost a complex thing as it requires our understanding, but it will be very beneficial especially to be used in peer teaching strategies. Pupils can discuss among themselves the ideas they got based on the passage they read. Besides that, Ylvisaker (2006) has also stated that reading comprehension is seemed to be important for pupils to learn as it has a very close connection with listening comprehension but still reading comprehension skill is much
Nicol and Macfarlane-Dick (2006) indicate that “formative assessment can promote the development of capacities and attitudes used in lifelong learning. Assessment-centred or student-centred learning environments also emphasize congruence between learning goals and what is assessed”. Formative assessment is going on all an ideal opportunity to give feedback on what understudies are figuring out how to distinguish accomplishment and areas for further work. Additionally, for the educator or teachers to evaluate effectiveness of instructing or teaching and provide a feed forward or to centre feasible arrangements. “Good feedback practice is not only about providing accessible and usable information that helps students improve their learning, but it is also about providing good information to teachers” (Nicol and Macfarlane, 2006, p. 214).
2. The Advantages of Treffinger Learning Model The advantages of applying Treffinger learning model according to Huda (2013: p. 320) are as follows: a. Make the students more active in learning and have confidence to speak their ideas. b. Develop students' thinking skills because it presented a problem in the early learning and provide flexibility to students to find their own solutions.
The sociocultural foundation of development is important because the reader and writer considers their daily social and cultural experience's, values and knowledge to contribute to their literacy skills in reading and writing. Researchers believe that learners draw attention to oral language, the aspects of language in serving daily needs, social phenomenon in language literacy, preschool experiences and home engagement language as related to accomplishments in school. The best practices in word recognition, and language comprehension, strategic knowledge, and reading-writing connections includes phonics awareness instruction, sight words, Alphabet learning instruction and sound letter instruction. According to Piasta , published programs of instruction in Alphabet learning has become one of the most primary objects for early literacy because it promotes familiar letters forms, sounds and names. Alphabet knowledge instruction correlates to strategic knowledge and the learners' ability to apply their phonological awareness.
The Aural-Oral approach is very effective to be implemented in English Language Teaching in case to build communicative competence of student. It enhances listening and speaking also it increases new vocabulary for student. The aim of this essay is to give real imagine about how the Aural-Oral approach can be taught in or during English learning and give good improvement in both listening and speaking in order to reach student’s communicative competence. The first focus of Aural-Oral Approach is to teach English for student
This way children have time to practice writing and enhance their understanding of letters and sounds. By doing writing activities children are exposed to new vocabulary and spelling. You can play games with children that involve word and letter recognition. It is also important for educators to share stories, books, and songs in their classrooms. It is important for educators to foster a child’s confidence and appreciation for reading and writing.
Children try to learn sounds and to read words. So it will help to find words and they will begin to improve their language. To conclude, in my report I would like to say that big book is very effective tool for children in the classroom. It provides an essential link between learning and play which makes them wonderful teaching tool of children in the classroom. Creating big book is a wonderful way to help the children learns to work as part of a group.
Reading about CLT made me conscious of its potential for addressing the difficulty in communication that my students had and this is what led me to search about the principles that I've chosen. I will give my own perspective on the use of authentic language, use of games and expressing thoughts and ideas in EFL classrooms. Additionally, I will offer evidence to support my position from literature. My choice of principles is showed in appendix 1. I believe that understanding these principles would allow me to support my learners effectively in their attempts to speak English.
Whether it being traditional or contemporary, teachers have a various tactics such as rational arguments and creative ways (McBer, n.d.) to leave an impact on students and to influence them in bringing about positive outcomes. Petty (2009) supports the importance of teachers having an impact and influence on students and adds that effective teachers can first of all recognize the potential of the students. After recognizing the potential of students, teachers now should think analytically and conceptually as discussed earlier and develop a lesson plan that encourages students to reach their full potential or even challenging students to reach a higher level of learning. In addition, McBer (n.d.) and Petty (2009), share that there are informal ways of influencing students. When a teacher has a closer proximity with a student, the teacher will understand the student better which lead to a better understanding of the students learning styles.
There are many ways in which students can be motivated to learn English. Many researchers and authors describe some of the activities or strategies that help the teacher keep the students motivated. Herrel and Jordan (2012, p. 17) say that students are more successful when they: learn language in context, relate the language with their own experience, get involved in real communication situations, do not get embarrassed if mistaken, and when their language level is taken into account when the activities are